|File:Harris Corporation Logo.svg|
S&P 500 Component
|William M. Brown, Chairman, President and CEO|
|Products||Defense and Communications|
|Revenue||11px US$5012.0 million (2014)|
|11px US$795.4 million (2014)|
|#redirect Template:If affirmed||11px US$534.2 million (2014)|
|Total assets||11px US$4931.2 million (2014)|
|Total equity||11px US$1825.4 million (2014)|
Number of employees
|Divisions||RF Communications, Integrated Network Solutions, Government Communications Systems|
Harris Corporation is an American Florida-based international telecommunications equipment company that produces wireless equipment, electronic systems, and both terrestrial and spaceborne antennas for use in the government, defense, and commercial sectors. Headquartered in Melbourne, Florida, the company has approximately $5 billion of annual revenue and more than 13,000 employees — including nearly 6,000 engineers and scientists.
The company is the largest private-sector employer in Brevard County, Florida (approximately 6400 of more than 15000 company-wide). The company was the parent of Intersil (Harris Semiconductor). Most of the wireless start-ups in South Brevard County were founded and are staffed by former Harris Corporation engineers and technicians. The company's Digital Telephone Systems (DTS) division was sold to Teltronics.
- 1 History
- 2 Board of directors
- 3 Business Segments
- 4 List of Harris acquisitions
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
The "Harris Automatic Press Company" was founded in Niles, Ohio in 1895. They spent the next 60 years developing lithographic processes and printing presses before acquiring typesetting company Intertype Corporation. In 1957, Harris acquired Gates Radio, a producer of broadcast transmitters and associated electronics gear, but kept the Gates brand name alive by putting the Gates sticker on the back of numerous transmitters that were labeled Harris on the front panels.
In 1960, they merged with Radiation, Inc. of Melbourne, Florida, a developer of antenna, integrated circuit, and modem technology used in the space race. The company headquarters was moved from Cleveland to Melbourne in 1978.
In 1969, Harris Corporation acquired RF Communications and Farinon, furthering its microwave assets. The printing operations were sold off in 1983 and are now known as GSS Printing Equipment. GSS Printing Equipment later acquired Lanier Worldwide, which itself was spun off from Harris Corporation in the late 1990s.[clarification needed]
In 1988, Harris acquired GE’s semiconductor business, which at this time, also incorporated the Intersil and RCA semiconductor businesses. These were combined with Harris' existing semiconductor businesses, which were then spun off in 1999 as an independent company, under the Intersil name.
In 1996, Harris Corporation formed a joint venture with Shenzhen Telecom Company to produce and sell Harris’ digital microwave radios and integrate them with other systems.[clarification needed]
In November 1998, Harris sold its commercial and standard military logic (semiconductor) product lines to Texas Instruments, which included the HC/HCT, CD4000, AC/ACT, and FCT product families. Harris retained production of the Radiation Hardened versions of these products.
In 2005, the corporation spent $870 million on research and development.
In January 2011 Harris re-opened its Calgary, Alberta avionics operation, Harris Canada Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Harris Corporation. The expanded facility's operations include among others the support of the work to be completed under the company's six-year, $273 million (CAD) services contract with the Government of Canada for the CF-18 Avionics Optimized Weapon System Support (OWSS) program.
On December 2012, Harris Corporation sold its broadcast equipment operations to the Gores Group which operates as Harris Broadcast. Harris received $225M for the transaction, exactly half of what it paid seven years earlier for Leitch Technology, its final acquisition for the Broadcast division.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2014)|
|Alfred S. Harris||President||1895–1947|
|George S. Dively||Chairman & CEO||1955–1972|
|Richard B. Tullis||Chairman & CEO||1972–1978|
|Joseph A. Boyd||Chairman & CEO||1978–1987|
|John T. Hartley||Chairman & CEO||1987 – June 1995|
|Phillip W. Farmer||Chairman, CEO & President||July 1995 – January 2003|
|Howard L. Lance||Chairman, CEO & President||February 2003 – October 2011|
|William M. Brown||Chairman, CEO & President||November 2011 – present|
Board of directors
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2014)|
- William M. Brown - Chairman CEO & President
- Peter W. Chiarelli
- Thomas A. Dattilo
- Terry D. Growcock
- Lewis Hay III
- Vyomesh I. Joshi
- Karen Katen
- Stephen P. Kaufman
- Leslie F. Kenne
- David B. Rickard
- Dr. James C. Stoffel
- Gregory T. Swienton
- Hansel E. Tookes II
Harris RF Communications is a supplier of secure radio communications, tactical communication networks and embedded encryption systems for military, public safety, government and commercial customers.
Tactical Communications serves the U.S. Department of Defense, international militaries and government agencies with a line of secure radios and embedded encryption systems. The Falcon family of tactical radio systems encompasses manpack, handheld and soldier-worn vehicular applications. Internationally, Harris Falcon radios are used for command and control, homeland security, disaster relief, narcotics interdiction and other applications.
Public Safety and Professional Communications
Harris PSPC communications solutions and equipment are used around the world providing IP voice and data networks, secure LTE capabilities and applications for voice, video and data. Customers are public safety agencies like police, fire rescue and others as well as transportation, utility and federal government agencies.
Integrated Network Solutions
Harris Integrated Network Solutions provides integrated communications and information technology and services to government, energy and healthcare customers. These include end-to-end IT services, managed satellite and terrestrial communications and standards-based healthcare interoperability and image management.
Harris Healthcare Solutions
Harris offers a range of healthcare IT interoperability capabilities, including IT infrastructure and management, clinical workflow and analytics and health information exchange. Harris Healthcare customers include academic medical centers, integrated health systems, federal healthcare agencies and the Nationwide Health Information Network. Products include the FusionFX healthcare integration platform.
Harris IT Services
Harris IT Services provides design, deployment, operation and maintenance of secure communications systems and information networks for voice, data and video for integrated network systems. Capabilities include cloud services, cyber security and information assurance, managed services, mobility and systems and network integration. Products include the OS/COMET for satellite command and control and Harris Terrain Model Rapid Delivery (HTMRD) geospatial software tool.
Harris CapRock Communications
Harris CapRock Communications provides managed communications services in remote and harsh locations for energy, maritime and government customers. It useds a combination of a dozen teleports on six contintents and links from more than 60 satellites to connect remote customers.
Government Communications Systems
Harris Government Communications Systems produces communications and information networks for military and government customers as well as provides the technology base for products for commercial customers. GCS also conducts advanced research, develops prototypes and provides technical services.
Harris provides information infrastructures and communications systems to the U.S. government in a variety of industries. End users include image analysts, meteorologists, soldiers, pilots, astronauts, air traffic controllers, radiologists and more. Market segments served include air traffic control, airborne radios, avionics, battlespace networks, commercial space, data linkage, electro-optics, enterprise networks, geospatial intelligence, ISR (intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance), Military Satellite Communication (MILSATCOM), RF heating, robotics, satellite subsystems, tactical cellular, tactical SATCOM, unmanned systems and weather systems.
Harris Corporation produces multiple cell-site simulator products, such as the StingRay, and Hailstorm phone trackers (see table below); These platforms masquerade as legitimate cellphone towers forcing mobile devices to connect to them instead of real cellular networks, so that all wireless voice and data traffic originating in a given area are intercepted by the systems, enabling Stingray operators to conduct mass surveillance, as well as to pinpoint the location of mobile devices.
These platforms have been criticized because they siphon up communications of all mobile devices in their vicinity, including those of innocent individuals not suspected of any wrongdoing or crimes. Harris have been criticized by civil rights advocates for requiring local municipalities, police departments and state governments to enter into non-disclosure agreements (NDA) and to hide their usage and field trials of these surveillance technologies from citizens. Such NDA may violate public record and open access laws. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) filed two successful civil lawsuits over denied Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests and violations of the public records laws of Florida.
In September of 2014, as a result of successful litigation, ACLU received documents and emails between Harris Corporation and the Federal Communications Commission relating to FCC approval of Harris' surveillance systems. ACLU then sent a letter to FCC stating, in their view, Harris mislead FCC Office of Engineering and Technology (OET) staff during the regulatory review process by falsely claiming the systems were only used in emergency situations and not criminal investigations.
In 2006, Harris employees directly conducted wireless surveillance using StingRay units on behalf the Palm Bay Police Department — where Harris has a campus — in response to a bomb threat against a middle school. The search was conducted without a warrant or Judicial oversight.
In 2015 Santa Clara County pulled-out of contract negotiations with Harris for StingRay units, citing onerous restrictions imposed by Harris on what could be released under public records requests as the reason for exiting negotiations.
|Stingray||2001||$68,479||IMSI-catcher. Gathers information from mobile phones including location and metadata|
|Stingray II||2007||$134,952||IMSI-catcher. Gathers information from mobile phones including location and metadata|
|Kingfish||2003||$25,349||Surveillance transceiver for tracking mobile phones|
|Amberjack||2002||$35,015||Directional antenna used to help track mobile phones; used in conjunction with Stingray, Gossamer and Kingfish|
|Harpoon||2008||$16,000-$19,000||Amplifier to boost the signal of a Stingray or Kingfish|
|Hailstorm||?||$169,602||IMSI catcher. Gathers information from mobile phones including location and metadata. Also can intercept content.|
|Gossamer||2001||$19,696||IMSI catcher, smaller than Stingray, can be used for denial-of-service attacks on phones.|
|Triggerfish||1997||$90,000-$102,000||Intercepts mobile conversations in real time. May be obsolete|
List of Harris acquisitions
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (August 2014)|
Below is a list of all Harris acquisitions, starting in 1995.
- Exelis Inc. (2015)
- Carefx (2011)
- Schlumberger Global Communications Services (GCS) Division (2011)
- CapRock Communications (2010)
- SignaCert (2010)*
- SolaCom ATC Solutions (2009)
- Tyco Electronics (MA-COM) Wireless Systems (2009)
- Crucial Security, Inc. (2009)
- Zandar Technologies Ltd. (2007)
- Multimax (2007)
- Aastra Digital Video (2006)
- Optimal Solutions, Inc. (2006)
- Leitch Technology (2005)
- Orkand Corporation (2004 – Now Harris IT Services)
- Encoda Systems (2004)
- ImageLinks, Inc. (2004)
- Hirschmann Multimedia Communications Network (2001)
- Exigent International, Inc. (2001)
- Wavtrace, Inc. (2000)
- Lucent Technologies' Point-to-Point Microwave Business (2000)
- Louth Automation (2000)
- Audio Broadcast Group, Inc. (1999)
- Pacific Research & Engineering Corporation (1999)
- CHOICE Microsystems (1999)
- Intraplex, Inc. (1999)
- Agfa Copying Systems, Inc. (1998)
- Trans-Comp, Inc. (1998 – Spun off with Lanier Worldwide)
- Northeast Broadcast Lab (1997)
- NovAtel Communications (1995)
- Triplett Corporation's Cellular and Telecommunications Business (1995)
- "Harris Corporation FY '14 Fourth Quarter Summary" (PDF). http://harris.com. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
- "Harris Corporation Reports Fiscal 2014 Fourth Quarter Results". http://harris.com. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
- Harris Corporation, August 2013
- Brevard County Public Schools, 10 October 2013
- "The Most Dangerous People on the Internet Right Now". wired.com. Wired Magazine. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
- Peterson, Patrick (17 October 2010). "Harris considers PB overhaul". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 1E.
- Harris Corporation
- Harris Corporation. "Harris Corporation to Sell Broadcast Communications to The Gores Group for $225 Million". harris.com. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
- Leitch agrees to $450 million acquisition by Harris, BroadcastEngineering, 1 September 2005
-  Tactical Radios & Defense Communications Harris Corporation]
- Harris Corporation. "Harris Corporation". harris.com. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
- Harris Corporation. "Harris Corporation". harris.com. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
- Richtel, Matt (15 March 2015). "A Police Gadget Tracks Phones? Shhh! It’s Secret". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
- "Secret Military Device ‘Hailstorm’ Used By Michigan Police, FOIA Request By Detroit News Denied". The Pontiac Tribune. 12 May 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
- Gallagher, Ryan (10 January 2013). "FBI Documents Shine Light on Clandestine Cellphone Tracking Tool". Slate Magazine. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
Campbell, Jon (24 January 2013). "LAPD Spied on 21 Using StingRay Anti-Terrorism Tool". LA Weekly. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
The portable StingRay device impersonates a cellphone tower, electronically fooling all nearby mobile phones — not just the suspect's phone — to send their signals into an LAPD computer. That signal reveals to police the location of phones in real time.
- Florida Department of Law Enforcement; Harris Corporation (8 June 2010). "FDLE non-disclosure agreement with the Harris Corporation" (PDF). American Civil Liberties Union. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
Mike Masnick (20 June 2014). "New Emails Show That Feds Instructed Police To Lie About Using Stingray Mobile Phone Snooping". Techdirt. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
...police were claiming that non-disclosure agreements prevented them from getting a warrant to use the technology.
Nathan Freed Wessler (3 March 2014). "Police Hide Use of Cell Phone Tracker From Courts Because Manufacturer Asked". American Civil Liberties Union. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
Police opted not to get warrants authorizing either their use of the stingray or the apartment search. Incredibly, this was apparently because they had signed a nondisclosure agreement with the company that gave them the device.
- "As Secretive "Stingray" Surveillance Tool Becomes More Pervasive, Questions Over Its Illegality Increase". Electronic Frontier Foundation. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
- "VICTORY: Judge Releases Information about Police Use of Stingray Cell Phone Trackers". American Civil Liberties Union. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
- "DOJ Emails Show Feds Were Less Than "Explicit" With Judges On Cell Phone Tracking Tool". American Civil Liberties Union. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
- Nathan Freed Wessler; Nicole Ozer (17 September 2014). "Documents Suggest Maker of Controversial Surveillance Tool Misled the FCC". American Civil Liberties Union. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "ACLU and ACLU of Northern California Letter to FCC" (PDF). American Civil Liberties Union. 17 September 2014. p. 2. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- Nail, Derrol (23 February 2015). "Harris Corporation opens new tech center in Palm Bay". myfoxorlando.com. WOFL, Fox Broadcasting Company. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
- Farivar, Cyrus (25 February 2015). "Powerful “stingrays” used to go after 911 hangup, ATM burglary". Ars Technica. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
...Palm Bay Police Department simply borrowed a stingray directly from its manufacturer, the Harris Corporation—located down the road in Melbourne, Florida—to respond to a 2006 bomb threat at a school, absent any judicial oversight.
- Detective M. J. Pusatere. "03.05.2014 PBPD Stingray Records (Bates Stamped) redacted" (PDF). aclu.org. Palm Bay Police Department, American Civil Liberties Union. p. 3. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
- Aaronson, Trevor (23 February 2015). "ACLU Releases Florida StingRay Documents". fcir.org. Florida Center for Investigative Reporting. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
- Rivero, Daniel (18 March 2015). "It’s now a trend: third court orders the release of phone-tracking Stingray documents". fusion.net. Fusion. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
- Farivar, Cyrus (7 May 2015). "In rare move, Silicon Valley county gov’t kills stingray acquisition". Ars Technica. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
What happened was, we were in negotiations with Harris, and we couldn't get them to agree to even the most basic criteria we have in terms of being responsive to public records requests
- Gallagher, Ryan (25 September 2013). "Meet the machines that steal your phone’s data". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
"Harris Corporation AmberJack, StingRay, StingRay II, KingFish Wireless Surveillance Products Price List". City of Miami, Harris Corp, Public Intelligence. 24 September 2011. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
This price list for Harris Corporation wireless surveillance products was published on the website of the City of Miami.
- "Harris Corporation: Putting the "Sting" in Mobile Location Tracking". Insider Surveillance. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
Gillum, Jack (22 March 2014). "Police keep quiet about cell-tracking technology". Associated Press, Yahoo News. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
...police didn't comply with the state's public-records law because they did not fully disclose Stingray-related records and allowed Harris Corp. to dictate what information could be made public.
- "Harris Corporation to Buy Defense Contractor Exelis for $4.7 Billion". February 2015.
- Harris Corporation Completes Acquisition of CapRock Communications
- "Communications company Harris Corp to acquire IT compliance organisation". newstatesman.com. May 2010.