A proctosigmoidectomy or Hartmann's procedure is the surgical resection of the rectosigmoid colon with closure of the rectal stump and formation of an end colostomy. It was used to treat colon cancer or inflammation (proctosigmoiditis, proctitis, diverticulitis, etc). Currently, its use is limited to emergency surgery when immediate anastomosis is not possible, or more rarely it is used palliatively in patients with colorectal tumours. The procedure was first described in 1921 by famous French surgeon Henri Albert Hartmann. The original two-paragraph article in French together with an English translation by Thomas Pézier and a modern commentary is available. The procedure is described in detail in his book, Chirurgie du Rectum, which was published in 1931 and constituted volume 8 of his Travaux de Chirurgie.
The Hartmann's procedure with a proximal end colostomy or ileostomy is the most common operation carried out by general surgeons for management of malignant obstruction of the distal colon. During this procedure, the lesion is removed, the distal bowel closed intraperitoneally, and the proximal bowel diverted with a stoma.
The indications for this procedure include:
- a. Localized or generalized peritonitis caused by perforation of the bowel secondary to the cancer
- b. Viable but injured proximal bowel that, in the opinion of the operating surgeon, precludes safe anastomosis.
Use of the Hartmann's procedure has been associated with a low perioperative mortality of 9%, but at the cost of a colostomy that, in up to two-thirds of patients, is never reversed.
- Balanzoni S, Perrucci A, Pasi L, Montanari M (1997). "The Hartmann intervention. The current indications and the authors' own experience". Minerva Chir 52 (4): 383–6. PMID 9265121.
- Hartmann, H.: 30th Congress Francais de Chirurgie-Process, Verheaux, Memoires, et Discussions, 30:411, 1921
- Hotouras A (2008). "Henri Hartmann and his operation". Grand Rounds 8: L1–2. doi:10.1102/1470-5206,2008.9001.
- Ronel D, Hardy M (2002). "Henri Albert Hartmann: Labor and discipline.". Curr Surg 59 (1): 59–64. PMID 16093106. doi:10.1016/S0149-7944(01)00572-4.
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