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Heinkel He 343

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He 343
Role

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Manufacturer

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Status

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Primary user

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Number built

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The Heinkel He 343 was a four-engine jet bomber project by Ernst Heinkel Flugzeugwerke in the last years of the Third Reich.

Design and development

The Heinkel He 343 was designed for the Luftwaffe by the German Heinkel aircraft manufacturing company in the beginning of 1944. A total of 20 of these aircraft were ordered. For shortening the development time and for re-use of existing parts, its general design was envisioned along the lines of an enlarged Arado Ar 234. For a choice of engines, the Junkers Jumo 004 and the Heinkel HeS 011 were planned.

The DFS was involved in the project and created the project known as P.1068. By the end of 1944, work was nearly finished by the Heinkel engineers, with parts for the He 343 prototype aircraft either under fabrication or in a finished state, when the order was cancelled due to the Emergency Fighter Program.

Four versions were planned: the A-1 bomber, the A-2 reconnaissance aircraft, and the A-3 and B-1 Zerstörer ("Destroyer") heavy fighters.

Postwar, the Soviet Union utilized the design as the basis for the development of the Ilyushin Il-22, changing some of the parameters such as size and crew numbers. One prototype was built and flown.[1][2] The results of the tests were used in development of the Ilyushin Il-28.

Specifications (projected - He 343A-1)

File:Heinkel He 343 3D.jpg
He 343 bomber concept with Jumo 004 jets

Data from Luftwaffe Secret Projects (vol.2): Strategic Bombers 1935–1945[3]

General characteristics
  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 16.50m (54ft 1½in)
  • Wingspan: 18.00m (59ft 0½in)
  • Height: 5.35m (17ft 6½in)
  • Wing area: 42.45m2 (457ft2)
  • Loaded weight: 19,550 kg (43,088 lb)
  • Powerplant: 4 × turbojet Heinkel HeS 011

Performance

  • Bombs: up to 3,000 kg (6,612 lb)
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See also

Related lists

References

Notes
  1. ^ Kühni, Robert. "Iljushin Il-22" (German). fliegerweb.com. Retrieved: 21 August 2011.
  2. ^ Lomme 2000, pp. 8ff.
  3. ^ Herwig and Rode 2000, p. 81.
Bibliography
  • Herwig, Dieter and Heinz Rode. Luftwaffe Secret Projects: Ground Attack & Special Purpose Aircraft. Hinckley, Leicestershire, UK: Midland Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-85780-150-4.
  • Herwig, Dieter and Heinz Rode. Luftwaffe Secret Projects: Strategic Bombers 1935-1945. Hinckley, Leicestershire, UK: Midland Publishing, 2000. ISBN 1-85780-092-3.
  • Lepage, Jean-Denis. Aircraft of the Luftwaffe, 1935-1945: An Illustrated Guide. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co, 2009. ISBN 978-0-7864-3937-9.
  • Lommel, Horst. Vom Höhenaufklärer bis zum Raumgleiter 1935–1945, Geheimprojekte der DFS (German). Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag, 2000. ISBN 3-613-02072-6.
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