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Help:IPA for Estonian and Finnish

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Estonian and Finnish pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. See Finnish phonology and Estonian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of these languages.

IPA Examples English approximation
Consonants
[[voiced alveolar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.d]]
Finnish ladot adept
[[voiceless glottal fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.h]]
hevonen horse
[[palatal approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.j]]
joulu yoyo
[[voiceless velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.k]]
kala scold
[[alveolar lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.l]]
laulu lack
[1] Estonian only: lk leep
[[bilabial nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.m]]
metsä mocha
[[alveolar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.n]]
nenä nanny
[1] Estonian only: vann onion
[[voiceless bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.p]]
puu spill
[[alveolar trill#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.r]]
rauta rolled r
[[voiceless alveolar fricative#Voiceless alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.s]]
sinä sole
[1] Estonian only: vastik super (some dialects)
[[voiceless alveolar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t]]
tina stand
[1] Estonian only: vatt at you
[[labiodental approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʋ]]
viha Between v and w
Stress
[[stress (linguistics)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ˈ]]
hevonen (placed on the first syllable)
IPA Examples English approximation
Vowels
[[open back unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɑ]]
pouta Like father, but shorter
[[open back unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɑː]]
poutaa father
[[near-open front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.æ]]
pöytä cat
[[near-open front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.æː]]
päivää mad
[[mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.e]]
[2]
terve let
[[mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.eː]]
[2]
eesti émigré
[[close front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.i]]
viha kid
[[close front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.iː]]
siika see
[[mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.o]]
[2]
oksa chore
[[mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.oː]]
[2]
koostaa sole
[[mid front rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ø]]
[2]
pöytä No English equivalent; somewhat like bird
[[mid front rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.øː]]
[2]
säröön Same as above but longer
[[mid back unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɤ]]
Estonian only: õlu No English equivalent; somewhat like cup or wood
[[mid back unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɤː]]
Estonian only: õõnsus Same as above but longer
[[close back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.u]]
surma wood
[[close back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.uː]]
suu coop
[[close front rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.y]]
Finnish kesy
Estonian küla
No English equivalent; somewhat like cube
Finnish ryyppy
Estonian rüüpa
Same as above but longer

Finnish diphthongs

ai, au, äi, äy, ei, eu, oi, ou, öi, öy, ui, yi, iu, ie, uo, yö, (ey), (iy).

Estonian diphthongs

ae, ai, ao, au, äe, äi, äo, äu, ea, ei, eo, iu, oa, oe, oi, ou, õa, õe, õi, õo, õu, öa, öe, öi, ui, üi.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d In Estonian, the palatalized consonants, /tʲ nʲ sʲ lʲ/ are pronounced like their non-palatalized counterparts, but with constriction of the tongue towards the hard palate, as if pronouncing a simultaneous /j/.
  2. ^ a b c d e f The open-mid vowels [ɛ œ ɔ] may also be seen for /e ø o/.

External links