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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Help:IPA for Greek

Help:IPA for Greek

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Ancient Greek and Modern Greek pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. The Ancient Greek pronunciation shown here is a reconstruction of the Attic dialect in the 5th century BC.

See Ancient Greek phonology and Modern Greek phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of these languages.

Consonants[1]
IPA AG MG Example English approximation
[[voiceless palatal stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.c]]
κ κιόλας[2] skew
[[voiceless velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.k]]
κ, ξ κατά, ξένος[3][2] scar
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.kʰ]]
χ χάρτης[2] car
[[voiceless velar fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.x]]
χ similar to hat,
Scottish English loch
[[voiceless palatal fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ç]]
χέρι[2] hue
[[palatal approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.j]]
ι εη[4] toy yacht
[[voiced palatal fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʝ]]
γ γη[2] yes
[[voiced velar fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɣ]]
γάλα[2] similar to woman,
but with spread lips
[[voiced velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɡ]]
γ again
γκ
γγ
εγκώμιο[2][5]
[[voiced palatal stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɟ]]
άγγελος[2][5] argue
[[voiceless bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.p]]
π, ψ πέτρα, ψυχή[3] spy
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.pʰ]]
φ φως paint
[[voiceless labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.f]]
φ four
[[voiced labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.v]]
β, υ[6] βέλος vet
[[voiced bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.b]]
β about
μπ μπάρμπας[5]
[[labio-velar approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.w]]
υ παύω[4] take
[[voiceless alveolar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t]]
τ τάφος stay
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tʰ]]
θ θεός take
[[voiceless dental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.θ]]
θ thought
[[voiced dental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ð]]
δ δούλη the
[[voiced alveolar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.d]]
δ today
ντ εντάξει[5]
[[voiceless glottal fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.h]]
ρως[7] hat
[[alveolar lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.l]]
λ λόγος look
[[palatal lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʎ]]
λ ελιά million
[[bilabial nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.m]]
μ μοίρα mole
[[alveolar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.n]]
ν ναι no
[[palatal nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɲ]]
ν νιότη onion
[[velar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ŋ]]
γ άγχος sing
[[alveolar trill#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.r]]
ρ ώρα American English ladder
[[voiceless alveolar trill#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.r̥]]
ίζα similar to train
[[voiceless alveolar fricative#Voiceless alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.s]]
σ, ς
ξ, ψ
σοφός, ψυχή, ξένος[3] sow
[[voiced alveolar fricative#Voiced alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.z]]
ζ, σ κόσμος, ζωή[3] zoo
[[Voiceless alveolar sibilant affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t͡s]]
τσ τσάι cats
[[Voiced alveolar sibilant affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.d͡z]]
τζ τζάκι pads
Dialectal segments
IPA English approximation
[[voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʃ]]
shame
[[voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɕ]]
[[voiced palato-alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʒ]]
vision
[[voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʑ]]
[[voiceless palato-alveolar affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t͡ʃ]]
check
[[voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t͡ɕ]]
[[voiced palato-alveolar affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.d͡ʒ]]
jam
[[voiced alveolo-palatal affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.d͡ʑ]]
[[near-open front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.æ]]
cat
IPA Explanation
[[Gemination#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.◌ː]]
marks a consonant produced twice as long[1]
Vowels
Monophthongs
IPA AG MG Example English approximation
a α άρτος cut
χώρ father
[[open-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɛː]]
η ψυχή[8] heir
e ε[9] θεός met
[[close-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.eː]]
ει εἰμί[8] similar to kid
[[close front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.i]]
ι[8] ίδιος like neat
πίνω[8] like need
[[open-mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɔː]]
ω ἐγώ[9] nose
o ο[9] οδός similar to note (American English)
[[close back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.uː]]
ου μου similar to mood
[[close back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.u]]
ου pool
[[close front rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.y]]
φύσις[8] similar to cute
ψυχή[8] similar to cue
Diphthongs[4]
IPA AG MG Example English approximation
ai̯ αι αἴτιος, πάλαι, ψῡχαί[9] tie
αϊ[10]
au̯ αυ αὐτός[6] how
αου
ei̯ ει εἴη[8] hey
έι[11]
eu̯ ευ εὖ[6]
εου
oi̯ οι οἶδα, λόγοι[8] toy
όι[12]
yi̯ υι υἱός[8]
aːi̯ δω, χώρ[13]
ɛːi̯ ς, ψυχ[8][13]
ɔːi̯ δή, λόγ[13]
Suprasegmentals
IPA[14] AG MG Example Explanation
◌́ ´ γάλα ála] high tone
◌̌ ´ ἐγώ [eɡɔ̌ː] rising tone
` μν [men] mid tone
◌̂ γ ɛ̂ː] falling tone
ˈ ΄ άλλος [ˈa.los] stress
. syllable break

Notes

  1. ^ a b Ancient Greek had geminate consonants, pronounced longer than single ones, which may be transcribed as a double consonant letter ss or with the length symbol . Modern Standard Greek does not have geminate consonants, but nonstandard dialects do.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h In Modern Greek, κ; γκ, γγ; γ; χ are pronounced as palatal [c, ɟ, ʝ, ç] before the front vowels [e i], and velar [k, g, ɣ, x] in other cases.
  3. ^ a b c d ζ represented the cluster [zd] in Classical Attic, but represents [z] in Modern Greek. In both Ancient and Modern Greek, σ is pronounced as voiced [z] before a voiced consonant, and ξ, ψ represent the clusters [ks ps].
  4. ^ a b c In Ancient Greek, a diphthong before a vowel was realized as a vowel and a double semivowel sequence: [jj, ww].
  5. ^ a b c d In Modern Greek, μπ, ντ, γκ, γγ are either pronounced as prenasalized voiced stops [mb, nd, ɲɟ, ŋɡ] or as voiced stops without nasalization [b, d, ɟ, ɡ].
  6. ^ a b c In Modern Greek, υ in the combinations αυ ευ ηυ is pronounced as [f] before a voiceless consonant and [v] in other places. In Ancient Greek, αυ ευ ηυ were the diphthongs [au̯ eu̯ ɛːu̯].
  7. ^ The rough breathing represented [h] before a vowel, and the smooth breathing ᾿ represented the absence of [h].
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j In Modern Greek, η, ῃ, ει, ι, οι, υ, υι all represent [i]. These were pronounced [ɛː, ɛːi̯, eː, ei̯, i(ː) oi̯, y(ː), yi̯] in Ancient Greek. The large number of vowel mergers into [i] is called iotacism.
  9. ^ a b c d In Modern Greek, ε, αι both represent [e], and ο, ω both represent [o]. In Ancient Greek, ε, ο represented [e, o], ω represented [ɔː], and αι represented the diphthong [ai̯].
  10. ^ Also ⟨άι⟩ and sometimes ⟨άϊ⟩.
  11. ^ Also ⟨εϊ⟩ and sometimes ⟨έϊ⟩.
  12. ^ Also ⟨οϊ⟩ and sometimes ⟨όϊ⟩.
  13. ^ a b c In early Ancient Greek, ᾳ, ῃ, ῳ were diphthongs, but the second element [i̯] was lost soon after the Classical period, and they merged in pronunciation with ᾱ, η, ω.
  14. ^ The symbols used here for Ancient Greek pitch accent must be added as combining characters in some cases. Place the numeric character reference after the letter that you wish to put the accent on, then press Show preview and copy the resulting accented character. ́ is the numeric character reference for combining acute tone mark (high tone), ̌ for combining caron (rising tone), ̂ for combining circumflex (falling tone).

External links