Adverts

Open Access Articles- Top Results for Help:IPA for Hawaiian

Help:IPA for Hawaiian

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Hawaiian pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

English approximations are in some cases very approximate, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. For more detail, see Hawaiian phonology.

Consonants
IPA Examples nearest English equivalent
[[voiceless glottal fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.h]]
Honolulu hat
[[palatal approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.j]]
Mauna Kea [ˈkɛjə][1] yes
[[voiceless velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.k]]
Kamehameha[2] sky
[[alveolar lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.l]]
Honolulu, Lānaʻi lean
[[bilabial nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.m]]
Maui moon
[[alveolar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.n]]
Lānaʻi[3] note
[[voiceless bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.p]]
Pele spy
[[voiceless alveolar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t]]
Waikīkī, wikiwiki[2] sty
[[voiced labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.v]]
wikiwiki[4] vision
[[labio-velar approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.w]]
Loa [ˈlowə], Kīlauea [ˈkiːlɔuˈwɛjə][4] we
[[glottal stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʔ]]
Hawaiʻi, Oʻahu oh-oh!
(a catch in the throat)
Stress
IPA Example Note
[[stress (linguistics)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ˈ]]
Honolulu [honoˈlulu] Mark placed before stressed syllable.[5]
Vowels
IPA Examples nearest English equivalent
[[open front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.aː]]
Lānaʻi father
[[near-open central vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɐ]]
Oʻahu, Molokaʻi[6] nut
[[mid central vowel#Mid-central unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ə]]
Hawaiʻi, Mauna Loa[6] sofa
[[close-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.eː]]
Kēōkea hey without the y sound
[[open-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɛ]]
Pele[7] bed
[[close-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.e]]
Kahoʻolawe[7] Spanish e
[[close front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.iː]]
Waikīkī peel
[[close front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.i]]
wikiwiki Spanish i
[[close-mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.oː]]
ʻōʻū low without the w sound
[[close-mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.o]]
Honolulu Spanish o
[[close back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.uː]]
ʻōʻū moon
[[close back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.u]]
Honolulu Spanish u
Diphthongs
Diphthongs are iu [ju], ou [ou], oi [oi], eu [eu], ei [ei], au [ɔu], ai [ɛi], ao [], ae [].
These are pronounced like sequences of vowels, but without a [w] or [j] in the middle.
iu is pronounced somewhat like yu, so kiu ≈ "cue".
In rapid speech, au as in Mauna and ai as in Waikīkī tend to be pronounced like ou and ei.

Notes

  1. ^ The y sound [j] is not written, but appears between a front vowel (i, e) and a non-front vowel (a, o, u)
  2. ^ a b [k] and [t], spelled k, are variants of a single consonant. [k] is almost universal at the beginnings of words, while [t] is most common before the vowel i. [t] is also more common in the western dialects, as on Kauaʻi, while [k] predominates on the Big Island.
  3. ^ In some dialects the letter l tends to be pronounced [n], especially in words with an n in them. On the western islands it tends to be pronounced as a tap, [ɾ].
  4. ^ a b [w] and [v], spelled w, are variants of a single consonant. [w] is the norm after back vowels u, o, while [v] is the norm after front vowels i, e. Initially and after the central vowel a, as in Hawaiʻi, they are found in free variation. [w] also occurs, though it is usually not written, between a back vowel (u, o) and a non-back vowel (i, e, a).
  5. ^ Stress falls on the penultimate vowel, with diphthongs and long vowels counting double. (That is, a final long vowel or diphthong will be stressed.) Longer words may have a second stressed vowel, whose position is not predictable.
  6. ^ a b Short a is pronounced [ɐ] when stressed and [ə] when not.
  7. ^ a b Short e is [ɛ] when stressed and generally when next to l, n, or another syllable with a [ɛ]; otherwise it is [e].