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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Help:IPA for Italian

Help:IPA for Italian

The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Italian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Italian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Italian.

Consonants[1]
IPA Examples English approximation
[[voiced bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.b]]
banca; cibo bike
[[voiced dental stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.d]]
dove; idra done
[[voiced dental sibilant affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.dz]]
zaino; zelare; mezzo[2] dads
[[voiced palato-alveolar affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.dʒ]]
giungla; magia; fingere; pagina jab
[[voiceless labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.f]]
fatto; fosforo fast
[[voiced velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɡ]]
gatto; agro; glifo; ghetto gas
[[voiceless velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.k]]
cavolo; acuto; anche; quei; kiwi scar
[[alveolar lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.l]]
lato; lievemente; pala lip
[[palatal lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʎ]]
gli; glielo; maglia[3] roughly like million
[[bilabial nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.m]]
mano; amare; campo [4] mother
[[alveolar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.n]]
nano; punto; pensare; anfibio nest
[[velar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ŋ]]
unghia; panchina; dunque [4] singing (but not finger unless followed by a G)
[[palatal nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɲ]]
gnocco; ogni[3] roughly like canyon
[[voiceless bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.p]]
primo; ampio; copertura spin
[[alveolar trill#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.r]]
Roma; quattro; morte Trilled r, Spanish: perro[5]
[[voiceless alveolar fricative#Voiceless dental sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.s]]
sano; scatola; presentire; pasto sorry
[[voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʃ]]
scena; sciame; pesci[3] ship
[[voiceless dental stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t]]
tranne; mito; alto star
[[voiceless dental sibilant affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ts]]
sozzo; canzone; marzo[2] cats
[[voiceless palato-alveolar affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tʃ]]
certo; cinque; ciao; farmacia chip
[[voiced labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.v]]
vado; povero; watt vent
[[voiced alveolar fricative#Dentalized laminal alveolar#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.z]]
sbavare; presentare; asma zipper
Semivowels
[[palatal approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.j]]
ieri; scoiattolo; più; Jesi; yacht you
[[labio-velar approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.w]]
uovo; fuoco; qui; week-end wine
Vowels[6]
IPA Examples English approximation
[[open central unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.a]]
alto; sarà; elica roughly like father
[[close-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.e]]
vero; perché; come roughly like pay
[[open-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɛ]]
elica; cioè bed
[[close front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.i]]
imposta; colibrì; zie; ogni see
[[close-mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.o]]
ombra; otto roughly like law (British English)
[[open-mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɔ]]
otto; sarò bore
[[close back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.u]]
ultimo; caucciù; tuo too
 
Suprasegmentals
IPA Examples English approximation
[[stress (linguistics)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ˈ]]
Cennini [tʃenˈniːni] bottle
[[secondary stress#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ˌ]]
lievemente [ˌljɛveˈmente] intonation
. tuo [ˈtu.o] co-op, rower
[[length (phonetics)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ː]]
primo [ˈpriːmo] long vowel[7]

Notes

  1. ^ If the consonants are doubled between vowels, they are geminated. This can also happen between sonorants (genuinely, all consonants can be geminated except for [z]). In IPA, gemination can be represented either by doubling the consonant: fatto [ˈfatto], mezzo [ˈmɛddzo]; or with the length marker ‹ [[length (phonetics)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
    This page is a soft redirect.ː]]
    ›. Notice as well, syntactic gemination can occur in Italian (e.g. va via [vavˈvi.a]).
  2. ^ a b z represents both [ts] and [dz]. In order to determine which, consult a dictionary.
  3. ^ a b c /ʎ/, /ɲ/ and /ʃ/ are always geminated word-internally.
  4. ^ a b The nasals always assimilate their place of articulation to that of the following consonant. Thus, the n in /nɡ/, /nk/ is a velar [ŋ], the realization before /v/ or /f/ is a labiodental [ɱ] (though this is transcribed here as [m]), and only [m] is ever found before /p/ or /b/.
  5. ^ Most times [r] is pretty short, and is pronounced as a single trill.
  6. ^ Italian contrasts seven monophthongs in stressed syllables. In unstressed syllables, mid vowels occur in complementary distribution; with open-mid vowels [[[open-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
    This page is a soft redirect.ɛ]]
    [[open-mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
    This page is a soft redirect.ɔ]]
    ] appearing before sonorants (e.g. copertura [kopɛrˈtuːra]), and close-mid vowels [[[close-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
    This page is a soft redirect.e]]
    [[close-mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
    This page is a soft redirect.o]]
    ] found elsewhere (e.g. Boccaccio [bokˈkattʃo]). Open and close vowels [[[open central unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
    This page is a soft redirect.a]]
    [[close front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
    This page is a soft redirect.i]]
    [[close back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
    This page is a soft redirect.u]]
    ] stay unchanged in unstressed syllables, though word-final unstressed [i] may become an approximant [j] before vowels in a process known as synalepha (syllable merging), e.g. pari età [ˌparjeˈta].
  7. ^ Stressed vowels are long when in a non-final open syllable: fato [ˈfaːto] ~ fatto [ˈfatto].

External links