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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Help:IPA for Japanese

Help:IPA for Japanese

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Japanese language and Okinawan pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. Sounds occurring only as allophones are included for narrow transcription.

See Japanese phonology for a more thorough discussion of the sounds of Japanese.

Examples in the charts are Japanese words transliterated according to the Hepburn romanization system.

Consonants
IPA Japanese example English approximation
[[voiced bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.b]]
basho bog
[[voiceless palatal fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ç]]
hito hue
[[voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɕ]]
shita, shugo sheep
[[voiced alveolar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.d]]
dōmo dome
[[Voiced alveolar sibilant affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.dz]]
, [[voiced alveolar fricative#Voiced alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.z]]
[1]
zutto rods, zen
[[voiced alveolo-palatal affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.dʑ]]
jibun, gojū jeep
[[voiceless bilabial fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɸ]]
fugu Like fish, but without the lips closing, or blowing out a candle
[[voiced velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɡ]]
gakusei gape
[[voiceless glottal fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.h]]
hon hone
[[palatal approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.j]]
yakusha yak
[[voiceless velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.k]]
[2]
kuru skate
[[bilabial nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.m]]
mikan much
[[alveolar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.n]]
nattō not
[[uvular nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɴ]]
nihon like long, but further back
[[velar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ŋ]]
ringo, rinku finger, pink
[[voiceless bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.p]]
[2]
pan span
[[retroflex flap#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɽ]]
[3]
roku close to /t/ in auto in American English,
or between lock and Scottish rock ([l] and [ɾ]).
[[voiceless alveolar fricative#Voiceless alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.s]]
suru sue
[[voiceless alveolar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t]]
[2]
taberu stop
[[Voiceless alveolar sibilant affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ts]]
tsunami cats
[[voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tɕ]]
chikai, kinchō itchy
[4] wasabi was
[[glottal stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʔ]]
(in Ryukyu languages) uh-oh!

</div>

Vowels
IPA Japanese example English approximation
[[open central unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.a]]
aru roughly like father
[[mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.e]]
eki met
[[close front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.i]]
iru need
yoshi, shita (almost silent)
[[mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.o]]
oniisan roughly like sore
[5] unagi roughly like food
u͍̥[5] desu, sukiyaki (almost silent)


Suprasegmentals
IPA Japanese example English approximation
[[length (phonetics)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ː]]
long vowel:
ojiisan
re-equalize
double consonant:
seppuku
unnecessary (compare unethical)
[[downstep#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ꜜ]]
[6]
tone drops:
kaꜜki (oyster), kakiꜜ (fence)
[[nasalization#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.̃]]
nasal vowel:
hon’ō
vin blanc
Syllabification
. mo.e, a.ni.me, sai.kin

Notes

  1. ^ The fricative [z] tends to be used between vowels, and the affricate [dz] in pausa, though some speakers use [z] everywhere. Before /i/, this is palatalized to []. This is usually represented phonemically as /z/. Some dialects maintain a distinction (see yotsugana).
  2. ^ a b c /p/, /t/, /k/ are unaspirated, as in Austronesian and Romance languages, or as in English spy, sty, sky.
  3. ^ The Japanese r varies between a postalveolar flap [ɽ] and an alveolar lateral flap [ɺ].
  4. ^ The Japanese w is not equivalent to a typical IPA [w] since it is pronounced with lip compression rather than rounding. The labial spreading diacritic is an extended IPA character.
  5. ^ a b There is no simple symbol in the IPA for Japanese u, which is neither rounded [u] nor unrounded [ɯ], but compressed [ɯ͡β̞]. The labial spreading diacritic is an extended IPA character.
  6. ^ The position of this downstep, which does not occur in all words, varies between dialects, and frequently is not indicated. The downstep is a drop in pitch; the word rises in pitch before the . When occurs after the final syllable of a word, any attached grammatical particles will have low tone.