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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Help:IPA for Latin

Help:IPA for Latin

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Classical Latin and Ecclesiastical Latin pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. See Latin spelling and pronunciation for a more thorough look at the sounds of Latin, and see Latin regional pronunciation for information on the traditional pronunciation systems used in Europe.

Consonants[1]
IPA Latin
alphabet
Examples English approximation
Cl. Ecc.
[[voiced bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.b]]
b bellum bean
[[voiced alveolar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.d]]
d decem deck
[[Voiced alveolar sibilant affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.dz]]
z zēlus adze
[[voiced palato-alveolar affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.dʒ]]
[2]
g gēns giant
[[voiceless labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.f]]
f faciō fan
[[voiced velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɡ]]
g gravis gear
[[voiceless glottal fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.h]]
[3]
h habeō her; hour
[[palatal approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.j]]
[4]
i iūs yodel
[[voiceless velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.k]]
c, k caput scar
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.kʰ]]
ch charta car
[[labialization#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.kʷ]]
[5]
qu quattuor squash
[[alveolar lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.l]]
l locus leave
[[alveolar lateral approximant#Velarized alveolar lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɫ]]
[6]
l multus all
[[bilabial nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.m]]
m[7] manus man
[[alveolar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.n]]
n[7] noster next
ŋ longus[8] song
g ignis
[[palatal nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɲ]]
gn ignis onion
[[voiceless bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.p]]
p pax span
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.pʰ]]
ph pharetra pan
[[alveolar trill#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.r]]
r regiō trilled or tapped r
[[voiceless alveolar fricative#Voiceless alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.s]]
[9]
s sum send
[[voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʃ]]
[2]
sc scindō sharp
[[voiceless alveolar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t]]
t tabula stone
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tʰ]]
th thalamus tone; stone
[[Voiceless alveolar sibilant affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ts]]
[2]
t port Botswana
[[voiceless palato-alveolar affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tʃ]]
[2]
c centum change
[[labio-velar approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.w]]
u[4] uerbum west
[[voiced labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.v]]
v vest
[[voiced alveolar fricative#Voiced alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.z]]
z zēlus zest
s miserere
Vowels[10]
IPA Latin
alphabet
Examples English approximation
Cl. Ecc.
[[open front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.a]]
a charta bra (but shorter)
[[open central unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.aː]]
ā fāta father; bra
[[open-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɛ]]
e est met
[[close-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.e]]
e similar to mate
[[close-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.eː]]
ē sē similar to made
[[near-close near-front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɪ]]
i timida[4] mit
[[close front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.i]]
i meet
[[close front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.iː]]
ī dī need
[[open-mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɔ]]
o omnis caught
[[close-mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.o]]
o similar to coast (American English)
[[close-mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.oː]]
ō nōlō similar to code (American English)
[[near-close near-back vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʊ]]
u nunc[4] put
[[close back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.u]]
u moose
[[close back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.uː]]
ū lūna food
[[near-close near-front rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʏ]]
y cyclus cute
[[close front rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.yː]]
ȳ cȳma cued
ae̯ ae laetus sigh; sed
oe̯ oe poena boy; e in neighbor
au̯ au causa cow
eu̯ eu seu eh-oo
ui̯ ui cui oo-ee
◌̃ː Vm
Vn
monstrum long nasal vowels[7]
Prosody
IPA Examples
[[stress (linguistics)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ˈ]]
Gāius
/ˈɡa.i.us/
Stress (placed before the stressed syllable)[11]
[[syllabification#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect..]]
Syllable marker, generally used between vowels in hiatus

Notes

  1. ^ Geminate (double) consonants are written with a doubled letter, except for /jj/ and /ww/: anus /ˈa.nʊs/, annus /ˈan.nʊs/. In IPA, they may be written as double or followed by the length sign: /nn/ or /nː/.
  2. ^ a b c d In Classical Latin, c g t are always pronounced hard, as /k g t/.
    In Ecclesiastical Latin, c g sc are pronounced as soft [tʃ dʒ ʃ] before the front vowels e i y ae oe, and ti before a vowel is pronounced [tsi].
  3. ^ Generally silent. Sometimes medial h was pronounced [k] in Ecclesiastical Latin (e.g. mihi), whereas it was silent in Classical Latin.
  4. ^ a b c d In Classical Latin, i u represented the vowels /ɪ iː and /ʊ uː/, and the consonants /j/, and /w/. Between consonants, and when marked with macrons or breves, i u are vowels. In some spelling systems, /j w/ are written with the letters j v. In other cases, consult a dictionary.
    In Ecclesiastical Latin, i represents the vowel /i/, j represents the consonant /j/, u represents the vowel /u/ or /w/, and v represents /v/ in Ecclesiastical Latin.
    • In Classical Latin, consonantal i between vowels stands for doubled /jj/: cuius [ˈkujjʊs]. The vowel before the double /jj/ is short, though it is sometimes marked with a macron. When a prefix is added to a word beginning in /j/, the /j/ is usually single: trā-iectum [traː.jɛkˈtũː].
    • In Classical Latin, /w/ was doubled between vowels only in Greek words, such as Euander /ɛwˈwan.dɛr/.
    • In Ecclesiastical Latin, consonantal v is pronounced as a fricative /v/, except in the combinations gu su qu, which are pronounced /gw sw kw/.
  5. ^ The labialized velar /kʷ/ was pronounced as labio-palatalized [kᶣ] before the vowels /ɪ, iː, ɛ, eː/, as in qvī [kᶣiː].
  6. ^ /l/ had two allophones in Classical Latin: velarized [ɫ] at the end of a word or before another consonant, plain [l] in other positions.
  7. ^ a b c In Classical Latin, a vowel and m at the end of a word, or a vowel and n before n or f represents a long nasal vowel.
  8. ^ In both Classical and Ecclesiastical Latin, /n/ is pronounced as [ŋ] before /k, ɡ/.
    The digraph gn is pronounced as [ŋn] in Classical Latin, but [ɲ] in Ecclesiastical Latin.
  9. ^ In Ecclesiastical Latin, /s/ between vowels is often pronounced as [z].
  10. ^ Classical Latin had long and short vowels. If vowel length is marked, long vowels are marked with macrons, ā, ē, ī, ō, ū, ȳ, and short vowels with breves ă, ĕ, ĭ, ŏ, ŭ, y̆. Ecclesiastical Latin does not distinguish between long and short vowels.
  11. ^ In words of two syllables, the stress is on the first syllable. In words of three or more syllables, the stress is on the penultimate syllable if this is heavy, otherwise on the antepenultimate syllable. There are some exceptions to this rule, mainly due to contraction or elision.