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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Help:IPA for Mandarin

Help:IPA for Mandarin

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Standard Chinese (also called Mandarin) pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. The representations of these sounds in the standard romanization (pinyin) are also shown.

See Standard Chinese phonology for more detail on the sounds of the language. Please note that English equivalents given in this page may only represent loose approximations to the original pronunciations.

Consonants
IPA Pinyin English approximation
[[voiceless bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.p]]
b span
p[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʰ]]
p pan
[[bilabial nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.m]]
m moon
[[voiceless labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.f]]
f fan
[[voiceless alveolar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t]]
d stand
t[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʰ]]
t tan
[[alveolar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.n]]
n noon
[[alveolar lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.l]]
l leaf
[[voiceless velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.k]]
g skim
k[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʰ]]
k cup
[[voiceless velar fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.x]]
h loch (Scottish English)
[[voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tɕ]]
j roughly like edgy
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʰ]]
q roughly like cheat
[[voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɕ]]
x roughly like she
[[voiceless retroflex affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tʂ]]
zh roughly like jaw
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʰ]]
ch roughly like church
[[voiceless retroflex sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʂ]]
sh roughly like show; Russian Ш
[[retroflex approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɻ]]
-r air (American English)
[[Voiceless alveolar sibilant affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ts]]
z roughly like seeds
ts[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʰ]]
c tsunami (with t pronounced)
[[voiceless alveolar fricative#Voiceless alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.s]]
s see
[[palatal approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.j]]
y-, -i- you
[[labio-velar approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.w]]
w-, -u- water
[[velar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ŋ]]
-ng song
[[labialized palatal approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɥ]]
yu-, -ü-[a] (simultaneous y and w); French nuit
[[voiced retroflex sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʐ]]
r- roughly like pleasure; Russian Ж
Vowels
IPA Pinyin English approximation
[[open front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.a]]
a buy
[[open back unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɑ]]
a (ang), e (er) car (short vowel)
[[open-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɛ]]
e (ye), a (yan, yuan, ian) roughly like yes
[[open-mid front rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.œ]]
e (yue) roughly like bird; German ö
[[mid central vowel#Mid-central unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ə]]
e (en[b]) about
[[close-mid back unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɤ]]
e (eng) roughly like American sir
[[close front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.i]]
yi/-i (yi, yin, ying) see (short vowel)
[[close central unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɨ]]
i (si, zi, ci, shi, zhi, chi, ri) roughly like glasses[c]
[[open-mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɔ]]
o war (short vowel)
[[close back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.u]]
wu/-u shoe (short vowel)
[[near-close near-back vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʊ]]
o (ong) hook
[[close front rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.y]]
yu/-ü[a] (yu, yun) roughly like few; French tu
Diphthongs
ai bye
ɑʊ ao roughly like now
ei[b] day
ou[b] roughly like no
Nasal vowels[d]
ɑ̃ ang (angr) French croissant
ə̃ eng (engr) roughly like uh-huh
ʊ̃ ong (ongr) roughly like own
Tones
IPA Pinyin Description
á ā tone 1: high: ˥
ǎ á tone 2: mid rising: ˧˥
à ǎ tone 3: medially, low: ˩
initially, mid falling: ˧˩
finally, low rising: ˩˧
in isolation, dipping: ˧˩˧
â à tone 4: high falling: ˥˩
a a "toneless":
low after the high falling tone ˥˩ and the high tone ˥ ;
mid after all other tones

Notes

  1. ^ a b ü ([y], [ɥ]) is spelled u after j, q, x as [u], [w] cannot occur after these consonants.
  2. ^ a b c wei, you, wen are spelled ui, iu, un respectively in pinyin, but pronounced identically, when preceded by a consonant.
  3. ^ Slightly "buzzing" vowels, and the frication of the preceding consonant may continue through the vowel. In si, zi, ci, the vowel may be a further back [ɯ].
  4. ^ Only occurs in erhua and generally not considered part of the main vowel inventory.

External links