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Help:IPA for Nguni

The charts below the way in which the IPA is used to transcribe the Nguni languages such as Xhosa, Zulu, and Swati.

A superscript X marks a sound or spelling found specifically in Xhosa, and Z specifically in Zulu. Sounds marked* are only found in loan words.

Consonants Vowels Tones
Non-click
IPA Orthography
[[breathy voice#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.bʱ]]
bh
[[voiced bilabial implosive#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɓ]]
b
[[voiced alveolar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.dʱ]]
d
d̠ʲʱ dyx
[[Voiced alveolar sibilant affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.dzʱ]]
dz*
[[voiced palato-alveolar affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.dʒʱ]]
j
[[voiceless labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.f]]
f
[[voiced velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɡʱ]]
ghz, gx
[[voiced velar implosive#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɠ]]
gz
[[voiceless glottal fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.h]]
h
[[voiced glottal fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɦ]]
hh
[[palatal approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.j]]
y
yh
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.kʰ]]
kh
[[ejective consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.kʼ]]
k
[[voiceless velar lateral affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.kxʼ]]
klz, krx
[[alveolar lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.l]]
l
lhx
[[voiceless alveolar lateral fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɬ]]
hl
[[voiced alveolar lateral fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɮʱ]]
dl
[[bilabial nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.m]]
m
mh
[[alveolar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.n]]
n
nh
Non-click
IPA Orthography
[[alveolo-palatal nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.n̠ʲ]]
ny
n̠ʲʱ nyh
[[velar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ŋ]]
ng'
ŋʱ ngh*
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.pʰ]]
ph
[[ejective consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.pʼ]]
p
r r*
r*
[[voiceless alveolar fricative#Voiceless alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.s]]
s
[[voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʃ]]
sh
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tʰ]]
th
t̠ʲ tyx
t̠ʲʰ tyhx
[[ejective consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tʼ]]
t
[[Voiceless alveolar sibilant affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tsʼ]]
tsx
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tsʰ]]
tshx or thsx
[[voiceless palato-alveolar affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tʃʼ]]
tsh
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tʃʰ]]
tshx or thshx
[[voiced labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.vʱ]]
v
[[labio-velar approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.w]]
w
wh
x rhx
ɣʱ grx
[[voiced alveolar fricative#Voiced alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.zʱ]]
z
ʒʱ zh*
Click
IPA Orthography
[[tenuis dental click#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ǀ]]
c
[[tenuis alveolar lateral click#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ǁ]]
x
[[tenuis alveolar click#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ǃ]]
q
ǀʰ ch
ǁʰ xh
ǃʰ qh
[[voiced dental click#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ǀʱ]]
gc
[[voiced alveolar lateral click#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ǁʱ]]
gx
[[voiced alveolar click#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ǃʱ]]
gq
[[dental nasal click#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ǀ̃]]
nc
[[alveolar lateral nasal click#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ǁ̃]]
nx
[[alveolar nasal click#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ǃ̃]]
nq
ǀʱ̃ ngc
ǁʱ̃ ngx
ǃʱ̃ ngq
ǀ̃ˀ nkcX
ǁ̃ˀ nkxX
ǃ̃ˀ nkqX
Vowel
IPA Orthography
a a
ɛ e
e e
i i
ɔ o
o o
u u
ː
Tone mark Tone Bar
Tones
á ˦
à ˨
âː ˥˩
ǎ̤ ˨˦
à̤ ˨
a̤᷈ ː ˨˧˨