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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Help:IPA for Norwegian

Help:IPA for Norwegian

The chart below shows how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Norwegian pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. The dialect that has been used here as a model is Standard Eastern Norwegian (Oslo area). See Norwegian phonology for more details about pronunciation.

Consonants
IPA Examples Nearest English equivalent
[[voiced bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.b]]
bil bee
[[voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɕ]]
kind sheep
[[voiced dental stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.d]]
dag dad
[[voiced retroflex stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɖ]]
sardin[1] order
[[voiceless labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.f]]
fot foot
[[voiced velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɡ]]
god good
[[voiceless glottal fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.h]]
hatt hat
[[voiceless retroflex sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʂ]]
sjø shoe
[[palatal approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.j]]
jojo yoyo
[[voiceless velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.k]]
kafé café
[[alveolar lateral approximant#Dental or denti-alveolar#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.l]]
lake lack
[[retroflex lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɭ]]
Karl[1] North American twirl
[[bilabial nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.m]]
man man
[[alveolar nasal#Dental or denti-alveolar#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.n]]
natt night
[[retroflex nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɳ]]
barn[1] turner
[[velar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ŋ]]
ting thing
[[voiceless bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.p]]
pappa papa
[[alveolar trill#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.r]]
år[2] A tapped or trilled "r".
[[voiceless alveolar fricative#Voiceless alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.s]]
sabel sabre
[[voiceless retroflex sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʂ]]
torsdag[1] North American marshal
[[voiceless dental stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t]]
tisdag tea
[[voiceless retroflex stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʈ]]
parti[1] North American cartel
[[voiced labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.v]]
vaktel vat
Vowels
IPA Examples Nearest English equivalent
ɑː mat bra, RP car
[[open central unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɑ]]
fast Modern RP stack; North American lot
[[close-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.eː]]
hel[3] Scottish save
[[mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɛ]]
helle[3] North American and RP set
[[near-open front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.æː]]
ære[3] Australian ham
[[near-open front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.æ]]
fersk[3] trap
[[close front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.iː]]
i lead
[[near-close near-front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɪ]]
sill hill
[[close-mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.oː]]
mål Scottish stove; RP law
[[open-mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɔ]]
åtte RP lot; North American fort
[[close-mid front rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.øː]]
dø similar to bird; German long ö
[[open-mid front rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.œ]]
nøtt similar to Burt; German short ö
[[close central rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʉː]]
ful[4] fuel; Australian and Estuary food, with tight lips
[[near-close central rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʉ]]
full Estuary butcher
[[close back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.uː]]
bot[4] North American food
[[near-close near-back vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʊ]]
ond put, with tight lips
[[close front rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.yː]]
syl[4] No English equivalent; French long u
[[near-close near-front rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʏ]]
nytt[4] No English equivalent; German short ü
unstressed
[[mid central vowel#Mid-central unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ə]]
påle about
Stress and tone
IPA Examples Explanation
ˈa Rana
[ˈrɑːnɑ]
Tone 1 / acute accent:
• Low tone in Oslo: [ˈrɑ̀ːnɑ]
• Falling tone in western Norway: [ˈrɑ̂ːnɑ]
ˈa.ˈa rana
[ˈrɑːˈnɑ]
Tone 2 / grave accent:
• Falling-rising tone in Oslo: [ˈrɑ̂ːˈnɑ̌]
• Rising-falling tone in western Norway: [ˈrɑ̌ːˈnɑ̂]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e In many of the dialects that have an apical rhotic consonant, a recursive Sandhi process of retroflexion occurs wherein clusters of /r/ and dental consonants /rd/, /rl/, /rn/, /rs/, /rt/ produce retroflex consonant realizations: [ɖ], [ɭ], [ɳ], [ʂ], [ʈ]. In dialects with a guttural R, such as Southern and Western Norwegian dialects, these are [ʁd], [ʁl], [ʁn], [ʁs], [ʁt].
  2. ^ /r/ varies considerably in different dialects, being alveolar in some dialects and uvular in others.
  3. ^ a b c d Before /r/, the quality of non-high front vowels is changed: /eː/ and /ɛ/ lower to [æː] and [æ].
  4. ^ a b c d Vowels spelt u, o are compressed vowels. Those spelt ö/ø, y, å, on the other hand, are protruded vowels.

Bibliography

  • Mangold, Max (1990). Das Aussprachewörterbuch (in German) (3rd ed.). Dudenverlag. ISBN 3-411-20916-X.