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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Help:IPA for Russian

Help:IPA for Russian

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Russian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Russian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Russian. See Russian alphabet for help converting spelling to pronunciation.

Consonants
IPA Examples IPA Examples[1] English approximation
[[voiced bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.b]]
бок; небо беглый; воробей boot; beautiful
[[voiced dental stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.d]]
дом; деда делает; Владимир do; adieu
[[voiceless labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.f]]
фата; выставка;[2] Чехов;[3] шурф фея; червь[3] fool; few
[[voiced velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɡ]]
говорю; другой ɡʲ гербарий; ноги goo; argue
[[voiced velar fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɣ]]
Господи; ага[4]
[[palatal approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.j]]
есть; юла; я; толстый[5] yes, boy
[[voiceless velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.k]]
кость; книга; рука; бок кишки; короткий cool; cute
[[alveolar lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.l]]
луна; стула ; ствол[6] лес; колено; мысль pill; million
[[bilabial nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.m]]
мыло; думать; там мясо; доме moot; mute
[[alveolar nasal#Dental or denti-alveolar#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.n]]
нос; он нёс; они; корень noon; newt (for some dialects)
[[voiceless bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.p]]
пыль; тропа; скрип; зуб[3] пепел; зыбь[3] pool; pew
[[alveolar trill#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.r]]
рыба; широкий; орла; жир река; четыре; три; зверь trilled r, like in Spanish
[[voiceless alveolar fricative#Voiceless dental sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.s]]
собака; писать; нос; глаз[3] синий; здесь; есть; грызть[2] soup; assume (for some dialects)
[[voiceless retroflex sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʂ]]
широкий; наш; хороший; муж;[3] что [[voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɕː]]
щегол; считать; мужчина; вращать[7] shop; fish show, fresh cheese
[[voiceless dental stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t]]
тот; читаю; водка;[2] лёд[3] тереть; дитя; грудь[3] tool; tune (for some dialects)
[[voiceless dental sibilant affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ts]]
цель; птица; отец [[voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tɕ]]
чай; печень; течь tsunami, cats; chip
[[voiced labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.v]]
ваш; давать; его[8] вести; человек voodoo; view
[[voiceless velar fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.x]]
ходить; ухо; Бог[4] хина; лёгкий[2][4] loch (Scottish); huge (for some dialects)
[[voiced alveolar fricative#Dentalized laminal alveolar#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.z]]
заезжать; язык зелёный; озеро; просьба[2] zoo; azure (for some dialects)
[[voiced retroflex sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʐ]]
жест; тяжёлый [[voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʑː]]
дрожжи; заезжать[9] rouge; asia
Stressed vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
[[open central unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.a]]
трава́ father
[[near-open front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.æ]]
пять[10] pat
[[open back unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɑ]]
па́лка[11] palm
[[close-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.e]]
пень, шея[10] pay
[[open-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɛ]]
жест; э́то met
[[close front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.i]]
си́него meet
[[close central unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɨ]]
ты; ши́шка roses (for some dialects)
[[mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.o]]
о́блако chore
[[mid-central rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɵ]]
тётя[10] bird
[[close back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.u]]
пу́ля boot
[[close central rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʉ]]
чуть; ю́жный[10] choose
Unstressed vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
[[near-open central vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɐ]]
паро́м; сообража́ть; тропа́ bud
[[mid central vowel#Mid-central unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ə]]
ко́жа; ше́я; о́блако about
[[near-close near-front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɪ]]
тяжёлый; эта́п; четы́ре bit
[[near-close central unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɨ]]
дыша́ть; жена́; го́ды dinner
[[near-close central rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʉ]]
юти́ться[10] youth
[[near-close near-back vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʊ]]
мужчи́на put
Suprasegmental
IPA Example Explanation
ˈ этап
[ɪˈtap]
Stress mark (placed before the stressed syllable)

Notes

  1. ^ Russian distinguishes soft (palatalized) and hard (unpalatalized or plain) consonants. Soft consonants, denoted by a superscript j, ʲ, are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, in a manner similar to the articulation of the y sound in yes. /j/. /ɕː/, /tɕ/, /ʑː/ are always considered soft.
  2. ^ a b c d e Consonants in consonant clusters are assimilated in voicing if the final consonant in the sequence is an obstruent. All consonants become voiceless if the final consonant is voiceless, or voiced if the final consonant is voiced (Halle 1959:31).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h The voiced obstruents /b, bʲ, d, dʲ, ɡ, v, vʲ, z, zʲ, ʐ, ʑː/ are devoiced word-finally unless the next word begins with a voiced obstruent (Halle 1959:22).
  4. ^ a b c г is usually pronounced [ɣ] or [x] in some religious words and colloquial derivatives from them, such as Господи! and Бог, and in the interjections ага, ого. /ɡ/ devoices and lenites to [x] before voiceless obstruents (dissimilation) in the word roots -мягк- or -мягч-, -легк- or -легч-, -тягч-, and also in the old-fashioned pronunciation of -ногт-, -когт-, кто.
  5. ^ The soft vowel letters е, ю, я represent /je ju ja/ when initial, or after other vowels or a yer. When these vowels are unstressed, the /j/ may be deleted.
  6. ^ /l/ is often strongly pharyngealized [ɫ] but this feature is not distinctive (Ladefoged & Maddieson 1996:187-188).
  7. ^ щ is sometimes pronounced as [ɕː] or [ɕɕ], and sometimes as [ɕtɕ], but no speakers contrast the two pronunciations. This generally includes the other spellings of the sound, but the word считывать sometimes has [ɕtɕ] because of the morpheme boundary between the с- and the ч.
  8. ^ Intervocalic г represents /v/ in certain words and affixes.
  9. ^ In many dialects, the phoneme /ʑː/ is replaced with /ʐ/.
  10. ^ a b c d e Vowels are fronted in the context of palatalized consonants: /a/ and /u/ become [æ] and [ʉ], respectively, between palatalized consonants; /e/ is realized as [e] before palatalized consonants; and /o/ becomes [ɵ] after palatalized consonants.
  11. ^ [ɑ] appears between a hard consonant (or a pause) and /l/.

References