The chart below shows how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Swedish pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. The pronunciation is based primarily on Central Standard Swedish. See Swedish phonology for details about pronunciation.
Stress and tone
| Tone 1 / acute accent: |
Single stress with single falling tone in Stockholm: [ˈânːdɛn]
| Tone 2 / grave accent: |
• Double stress with double falling tone in Stockholm: [ˈânːˈdɛ̂n]
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 In many of the dialects that have an apical rhotic consonant, a recursive Sandhi process of retroflexion occurs wherein clusters of /r/ and dental consonants /rd/, /rl/, /rn/, /rs/, /rt/ produce retroflex consonant realizations: [ɖ], [ɭ], [ɳ], [ʂ], [ʈ]. In dialects with a guttural R, such as Southern Swedish, these are [ʁd], [ʁl], [ʁn], [ʁs], [ʁt].
- ↑ Swedish /ɧ/ is a regionally variable sound, sometimes [[[voiceless velar fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.xʷ]]], [[[voiceless bilabial fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɸˠ]]], or [ʂ]
- ↑ /r/ varies considerably in different dialects. It is pronounced alveolar or similarly in virtually all dialects except South Swedish dialects where it it is uvular, similar to the Parisian French "r". At the beginning of a syllable, it can also be pronounced as a fricative [[[voiced palato-alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʒ]]] as in English "genre" or "vision".
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Before /r/, the quality of non-high front vowels is changed: /ɛː/ and /ɛ/ lowered to [æː] and [æ]; /øː/, and /œ/ are lowered to [œ̞ː] and [œ̞], though the diacritic is not included in the chart above for simplicity.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Vowels spelt u, o are compressed vowels. Those spelt ö, y, å, on the other hand, are protruded; see roundedness for details.
- Mangold, Max (1990). Das Aussprachewörterbuch (in German) (3rd ed.). Dudenverlag. ISBN 3-411-20916-X.