Adverts

Open Access Articles- Top Results for Help:IPA for Turkish, Azerbaijani and Turkmen

Help:IPA for Turkish, Azerbaijani and Turkmen

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Oghuz Turcomanic substratum of Turkish, Azerbaijani and Turkmen pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See the respective coverage of phonology of Turkish, Azerbaijani and Turkmen for more thorough discussion of the sounds of these languages.

Consonants
IPA Orthography English
approximation
tr az tk
[[voiced bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.b]]
b b b about
[[voiceless palatal stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.c]]
[1][2]
k k cute
[[voiced dental stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.d]]
d d d ado
[[voiced palato-alveolar affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.d͡ʒ]]
c c j ajar
[[voiced dental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ð]]
z then
[[voiceless labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.f]]
f f food
[[voiceless bilabial fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɸ]]
f like food, but with both lips
[[voiced velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɡ]]
[1]
g q g ago
[[voiced palatal stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɟ]]
[1]
g g g /ɡj/ sequence in argue
[[voiced velar fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɣ]]
[1]
ğ ğ Spanish "weak" g
[[voiceless glottal fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.h]]
h h h[3] home
[[palatal approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.j]]
y
ğ[4]
y ý yet
[[voiced palatal fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʝ]]
[1]
ğ
ğ[4]
ğ like Dutch soft g
[[voiceless velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.k]]
[1]
k k k coal
[[alveolar lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.l]]
l l l late
[[alveolar lateral approximant#Velarized alveolar lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɫ]]
[1]
l peel ("dark L")
[[bilabial nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.m]]
m m m much
[[alveolar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.n]]
n n n not
[[velar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ŋ]]
ň wing
[[voiceless bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.p]]
p p p pan
[[voiceless uvular stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.q]]
[1]
k k in the throat
[[alveolar flap#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɾ]]
r r r AmE pretty or Scottish r
[[voiced uvular fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʁ]]
[1]
g French r
[[voiceless alveolar fricative#Voiceless alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.s]]
s s sue
[[voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʃ]]
ş ş ş shoe
[[voiceless dental stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t]]
t t t table
[[voiceless palato-alveolar affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t͡ʃ]]
ç ç ç change
[[voiceless dental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.θ]]
s think
[[voiced labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.v]]
[5]
v v vase
[[voiced bilabial fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.β]]
w like vase, but with both lips
[[voiceless velar fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.x]]
x h[3] Scottish loch
[[voiced alveolar fricative#Voiced alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.z]]
z z zone
[[voiced palato-alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʒ]]
j j ž leisure
Vowels
IPA Orthography English
approximation
tr az tk
[[open central unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.a]]
a a cut
[[open back unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɑ]]
a father
[[near-open front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.æ]]
e ə ä cat
[[mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.e]]
e e e bed
[[close front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.i]]
i i i creek
[[mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.o]]
o o o somewhat like core
[[mid front rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ø]]
ö ö ö somewhat like RP bird; French eu or German ö
[[close back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.u]]
u u u put
[[close back unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɯ]]
ı ı y somewhat like roses
[[close front rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.y]]
ü ü ü somewhat like cue; French u or German ü
Suprasegmentals
IPA Examples
[[stress (linguistics)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ˈ]]
torbalı /torbaˈlɯ/ 'with bag'
Torbalı /ˈtorbalɯ/ (a place name)[6]
[[length (phonetics)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ː]]
â, î, û, ğ[4] âlem /aːlem/ 'world'

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i [c]~[k] (Turkish/Azeri) / [k]~[q] (Turkmen), [ɟ]~[ɡ] (Turkish) / [ɡ]~[ʁ] (Turkmen)[citation needed][contradictory], [ʝ]~[ɣ] (Turkish/Azeri), [l]~[ɫ] only contrast in loan words before <â, û> vs. <a, u>; in native words, [c/k, ɟ/ɡ, l] occur before the front vowels (/e/, /i/, /ø/, /y/), while [k/q, g, ɫ] occur before the back vowels (/a/, /o/, /u/, /ɯ/).
  2. ^ In many eastern Turkish/Azeri dialects, [c] at the end of a word or before a voiceless consonant may become [ç], as in huge.
  3. ^ a b In Turkmen, [h] occurs before front vowels (/e/, /i/, /ø/ and /y/) while [x] occurs before back vowels (/a/, /o/, /u/, /ɯ/).
  4. ^ a b c In Turkish, between unrounded front vowels (/e/, /i/), ğ is similar to English y. Between unrounded back vowels (/a/, /ɯ/), it is silent. Between rounded vowels (/o/, /ø/, /u/, /y/) it is either silent or may have a very light [β] sound. Word-finally or before a consonant, it lengthens the preceding vowel.
  5. ^ /v/ may be [w], like water, after a vowel or in some loanwords.
  6. ^ In Turkish proper, proper nouns are typically stressed on the 2nd or 3rd last syllable, and other words (excepting certain unstressed suffixes and stressed verb tenses) are stressed on the last syllable.
    Note that in Wikipedia articles, the stress is often wrongly assigned to the final syllable even in proper nouns.