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Help:IPA for Yiddish

This page describes how IPA is used to transcribe Yiddish words at Wikipedia. It follows the pronunciation of "Standard Yiddish" (or "YIVO Yiddish"), as described in such works as Uriel Weinreich's College Yiddish and Modern English-Yiddish Yiddish-English Dictionary.

See Yiddish phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Yiddish.

Consonants
IPA Letter(s) English examples Romanization
[[voiced bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.b]]
ב (beys) but, web b
[[voiced alveolar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.d]]
ד (daled) do, bed d
[[voiced palato-alveolar affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.dʒ]]
דזש (daled zayen shin) joy, edge dzh
[[voiceless labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.f]]
פֿ ף (fey, i.e. pey with rafe on nonfinal form) fool, leaf f
[[voiced velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɡ]]
ג (giml) go, beg g
[[voiceless glottal fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.h]]
ה (hey) hen h
[[palatal approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.j]]
י (yud) yes y
[[voiceless velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.k]]
כּ (kof with dagesh)[1]
ק (kuf)
skin, thick k
[[alveolar lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.l]]
ל (lamed) bell l
[[palatal lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʎ]]
ל Similar to million; Italian figlio l
[[bilabial nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.m]]
מ ם (mem) man, tam m
[[alveolar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.n]]
נ ן (nun) no, tin n
[[velar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ŋ]]
[2]
נ when followed by ג or ק finger, drink n in the combinations ng, nk
[[voiceless bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.p]]
פּ (pey with dagesh) spin, tip p
[[alveolar trill#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.r]]
[3]
ר (reysh) None in most accents; compare Spanish perro and pero and French rouge r
[[voiceless alveolar fricative#Voiceless alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.s]]
ס (samekh)
שׂ (sin, i.e. shin with a sin dot)[1]
ת (sof, i.e. tof with no dagesh)[1]
see, pass s
[[voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʃ]]
ש (shin) she, leash sh
[[voiceless alveolar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t]]
ט (tes)
תּ (tof with dagesh)[1]
sting, bet t
[[Voiceless alveolar sibilant affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ts]]
צ ץ (tsadek) tsunami, sits ts
[[voiceless palato-alveolar affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tʃ]]
טש (tes shin) chair, teach tsh
[[voiced labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.v]]
בֿ (veys, i.e. beys with rafe)[1]
וו (tsvey vovn)
voice, have v
[[voiceless uvular fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.χ]]
ח (khes)[1]
כ ך (khof, i.e. kof with no dagesh)
Like Scottish loch but with the tongue further back; French proche kh
[[voiced alveolar fricative#Voiced alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.z]]
ז (zayen) zoo, rose z
[[voiced palato-alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʒ]]
זש (zayen shin) pleasure, beige zh
Vowels
Full vowels (monophthongs)
IPA Letter(s) English examples Romanization
[[open central unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.a]]
אַ (pasekh alef) father a
[[open-mid front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɛ]]
ע (ayin) bed e
[[near-close near-front unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɪ]]
י (yud) bid i
[[open-mid back rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɔ]]
אָ (komets alef) boss o
[[near-close near-back vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʊ]]
ו (vov) foot u
Diphthongs
ɛj יי (tsvey yudn) day, pain ey
aj ײַ (pasekh tsvey yudn) fine, why ay
ɔj וי (vov yud) loin, boy oy
Reduced vowels
[[mid central vowel#Mid-central unrounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ə]]
ע or none sofa e
ל bottle l
נ ן button n

Other symbols used in transcription of Yiddish

IPA Explanation
ˈ Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable), e.g. אײזל [ˈɛjzl̩] 'donkey'
ˌ Secondary stress, e.g. מאַמע־לשון [ˈmaməˌlɔʃn̩] 'Yiddish as mother tongue'

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f Only in words of Semitic origin.
  2. ^ Not a separate phoneme of Yiddish, but an allophone of /n/ before /ɡ, k/
  3. ^ Depending on speaker, the rhotic /r/ may be realized either as an alveolar trill [r], an alveolar tap [ɾ], or a uvular trill [ʀ].