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Herbert Spencer Gasser

Herbert Spencer Gasser
File:Herbert Spencer Gasser nobel.jpg
Gasser in 1944
Born (1888-07-05)5 July 1888
Platteville, Wisconsin
Died May 11, 1963(1963-05-11) (aged 74)
Nationality United States
Fields Physiology
Institutions Rockefeller University
Cornell University
Washington University in St. Louis
Alma mater University of Wisconsin–Madison
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
Doctoral advisor Template:If empty
Known for Action potentials
Notable awards Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (1944)
Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) (1946)[1]

Herbert Spencer Gasser (July 5, 1888 – May 11, 1963) was an American physiologist, and recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1944 for his work with action potentials in nerve fibers while on the faculty of Washington University in St. Louis, awarded jointly with Joseph Erlanger.[1][2][3][4][5][6]


Gasser was born in Platteville, Wisconsin, the son of Jane Elisabeth (née Griswold) and Herman Gasser, a physician.[7][8] His father was from Dornbirn in the Austrian province Vorarlberg, and his mother was of New England Yankee and German Russian ancestry.[9][10][11] He received his M.D. degree from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore in 1915.He never married.


During World War I he was engaged in chemical warfare research at the American University.[12] In 1931 he was appointed Professor of Physiology and Head of the Medical Department at Cornell University, New York City. From 1935 He was professor of physiology at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research.


  1. ^ a b Adrian, L. (1964). "Herbert Spencer Gasser 1888-1963". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 10: 75–26. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1964.0005.  edit
  2. ^ Perl, E. (1994). "The 1944 Nobel Prize to Erlanger and Gasser". FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 8 (10): 782–783. PMID 8050679.  edit
  3. ^ Kenéz, J. (1968). "Milestones in the development of electrophysiology (Herbert Spencer Gasser)". Orvosi hetilap 109 (32): 1779–1782. PMID 4886065.  edit
  4. ^ Sulek, K. (1968). "Nobel prize for Joseph Erlanger and Herbert S. Gasser in 1944 for the discovery of high differentiation of the functions of various nerve fibres". Wiadomosci lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960) 21 (14): 1273–1274. PMID 4880790.  edit
  5. ^ Chase, M. W.; Hunt, C. C. (1995). "Herbert Spencer Gasser - July 5, 1888-May 11, 1963". Biographical memoirs. National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) 67: 147–177. PMID 11616345.  edit
  6. ^ Herbert Spencer GasserBiographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences
  7. ^ The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1944
  8. ^ Gasser
  9. ^ Gasser again
  10. ^ more gasser
  11. ^ Gasser again again
  12. ^

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