High School Attached to Hunan Normal University
|High School Attached to Hunan Normal University |
(HS Attached to Hunan Norm Univ)
|Number of students||Approx. 6000|
|Medium of language||
|Nickname||附中 (Fùzhōng, literally 'The Attached School') & 金牌摇篮 （Cradle of Gold Medals）|
The High School Attached to Hunan Normal University (Chinese: 湖南师范大学附属中学; pinyin: Húnán Shīfàn Dàxué Fùshŭ Zhōngxué), colloquially known in Chinese as '湖南师大附中'(Húnán Shīdà Fùzhōng), is a famous, first-tier key public secondary school located in Yuelu District, Changsha, Hunan Province, China, and is one of the most selective schools in the nation. The competitive admission is mainly based on the score in city-wide or province-wide standardized tests as well as talent in science, music, sports, and the arts.
Founded in 1905 by Yu Zhimo, a leader of the Chinese democratic revolution, the school was initially named ‘Weiyi School’(惟一学堂, literally 'Unique school"). Later, in 1912, it got a new name of 'Guang Yi Middle School', which is still valid. Throughout its history, the school’s name, as well as its location, has been changed for a few times mainly due to Anti-Japanese War and Chinese Civil War. Eventually, since September 1984, 'The High School Attached to Hunan Normal University' has been in effect. As its name implies, the school is 'attached to', or 'affiliated with' Normal University, which gives the privilege of employing the best college graduates. Therefore, the school is well known for its top-ranking quality in teaching all over the country. It has produced a lot of notable people in China, such as former Premier Minister of China, Zhu Rongji and several academicians of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering. The school and other three prestigious high schools in Changsha (including First High School of Changsha, Changjun High School and Yali School), are recognized "the Famous Four".
- 1 History
- 2 Notable alumni
- 3 'Cradle of Gold Medals'
- 4 Campus
- 5 Students’ life
- 6 International Cooperation
- 7 National Cooperation
- 8 Gallery
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes
- 11 External links
Basically, there are four parts in the history of the school.
The High School Attached to Hunan Normal University was founded on April 12, 1905 by Yu Zhimo, the chairman of Hunan branch of the Chinese United League. Its name used to be 'Wei Yi School' at first, but its founder was under arrest just one year later because of his identity as a vanguard of revolutionary movement. Regarded as an institution of the revolution, the school was forced to close down, while comrades from the League were not willing to do nothing but witness the Yu's painstaking effort in vain. Thanks to the great effort they made, the school managed to survive the troubled time though suffered a lot from exhausting moves. From 1906 to 1911, there were 5 moves in total. The school wasn’t stable at all until 1911, when the Xinhai Revolution broke out. The local authority then gave the school a lot of suppor. Consequently, in 1912, there were 700 students on the campus and everything seemed quite promising. In 1913, however, the Second Revolution against Yuan Shikai, was a failure and warlords took control most of the country. Once again, the school had to face directly the threat from the governor because it was teaching students equality and democracy, both of which all dictators will try to eliminate. The school had been nearly abandoned until 1927, when those warlords in China were finally wiped out.
This period is the golden time of the school before PRC was founded because the society was rather peaceful and local authority was investing more in education.
 After suffering a lot through the wars against Japanese invaders and the Nationalists, the school had almost nothing but ruins of teaching buildings and dormitories in 1945, when Second Sino-Japanese War was eventually over with Japanese army withdrawing from China. Afterwards, the school was renovated and able to open again in March, 1946, with the help from the society. By the end of that year, the number of students in the school had reached 817. In the following years, Hunan was a theater of the war between the Communism Party and the National Party. During the Chinese Civil War, students from the school were active in the communism movement by waging underground activities. Among them, Yu Yutang, a student from Class 38, was a prominent figure as he sacrificed his precious life. Captured by the Nationalists on September 14, 1949, he refused to tell the enemy any information. Havhing realized that torture was of no effect, the brutal Nationalists executed the young student on the Mid Autumn Festival that year.
After the People’s Republic of China was founded, the school returned to normal orbit. The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, however, ravaged the school and made it impossible to function normally. Like all other education facilities in China, the school was forced to stop classes and let students participate in the class struggle. After the Revolution, everything had to start over, and since then, the school has stepped into an new era full of hope and opportunities. Today, the school is striving to become a second to none high school in China and to raise its name recognition all over the globe.
On May 2, 2015 the school celebrated the 110-year anniversary with a spectacular event, invited famous principals of other schools around the nation, alumni all over the world.
Yang Jia ( Surname: Yang, First name: Jia) - former Vice-Chairperson of Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Li Ao - academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering(CAE)
Li Jieshou - academician of CAE
Li Leishi - academician of CAE
Zhang Luqian - academician of CAE, also an expert in radar system.
Zhu Zuoyan - academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences
He Jiong - famous host
'Cradle of Gold Medals'
Since the early 1990s, students from the 'Honor Class of Science' (a class consisting of the most talented students from all over the province) have won 26 gold medals and 8 silver medals in International Mathematics Olympiad (IMO), International Physics Olympiad (IPhO), International Chemistry Olympiad (IChO), International Biology Olympiad (IBO) and International Environment Olympiad. No other school in China holds such a distinction. The table below shows the detail:
|1991||Sweden||Guo Zaoyang||32nd IMO||Silver|
|1992||Finland||Li Yi||23rd IPhO||Gold|
|1993||Turkey||Liu Yang||34th IMO||Gold|
|1993||Italy||Zhou Biao||25th IChO||Gold|
|1993||Italy||Yuan Quan||25th IChO||Silver|
|1994||Australia||Li Shuaige||26th IChO||Gold|
|1994||Australia||Huang Yongliang||26th IChO||Gold|
|1994||Hongkong||Peng Jianbo||35th IMO||Gold|
|1995||Turkey||Ni Bin||26th IPhO||Gold|
|1995||China||Luo Hongpeng||27th IChO||Gold|
|1997||Turkmenistan||Xia Fan||38th IMO||Gold|
|1997||Canada||Liu Dengfeng||29th IChO||Silver|
|1997||Turkey||He Yijing||5th IEO||Silver|
|1997||Turkey||Liu Xiaojuan||5th IEO||Silver|
|1998||Germany||Guo Jing||9th IBO||Gold|
|1998||Taiwan*||Ai Yinhua||39th IMO||Absent|
|1999||Romania||Kong Wenbin||40th IMO||Silver|
|2000||Turkey||Xu Yuliang||11th IBO||Silver|
|2001||United States||Yu Jun||42nd IMO||Gold|
|2001||Belgium||Liao Yajing||12th IBO||Gold|
|2002||United Kingdom||Xiao Wei||43rd IMO||Gold|
|2002||Indonesia||Yang Huan||33rd IPhO||Gold|
|2002||Holland||Lü Hua||34th IChO||Gold|
|2003||Japan||Wang Wei||44th IMO||Gold|
|2003||Greece||Hu Rongrong||35th IChO||Gold|
|2004||Greece||Li Xianyin||45th IMO||Gold|
|2004||Australia||Zhang Hongkang||15th IBO||Silver|
|2007||Canada||Zhu Junhao||18th IBO||Gold|
|2007||Vietnam||Hu Han||48th IMO||Silver|
|2009||Britain||Liu Ji||41st IChO||Gold|
|2010||Croatia||Wu Jundong||41st IPhO||Gold|
|2010||Croatia||Zhang Yongliang||41st IPhO||Gold|
|2010||Korea||Tan Suocheng||21st IBO||Gold|
|2011||Tailand||Yi Kexing||42nd IPhO||Gold|
|2011||Netherland||Long Zichao||52nd IMO||Gold|
|2014||South Africa||Chen Lantian||55th IMO||Gold|
- Due to political issues, China has been absent in all International Olympiads held in Taiwan.
What’s more, every year there are students who participate in the National High School Students’ Competition consisting of five science subjects. According to an official estimation, approximately 40 students each year win the first prize and then will be admitted by some top universities in China without taking the National Higher Education Entrance Examination.
As a significant parameter, the number of students admitted by Peking University or Tsinghua University is mostly noticed by public in China to evaluate a senior high school. In 2009, 19 students, one of whom is from senior 2, were admitted by the two most selective universities without taking the National Higher Education Entrance Examination (保送). This figure takes up more than 37% of the whole number of students pre-admitted, or exempted from Higher Education Entrance Examination, in Hunan Province, which is 51.
Ergo, the school is admired all over the nation and regarded enviously as the ‘Cradle of Gold Medals’, which implies its high prestige.
The HS Attached to Hunan Normal Univ. is located on the west bank of Xiang River and at the foot of Yuelu Mountain. The Mountain, the River and the school campus itself, compose a magnificent picture. The school covers an area of 107,000 m2, with a total construction floor space of nearly 90, 000 m2. Notably, 51.1% of the school area is covered by green plants, which is a rather high ratio among the senior high schools in China. There are also some remarkable architecture on the campus, including Celebrity Hall, Monument ‘Yearning’, Park Zhuo, Park Rong and so forth. The most extraordinary one monument is named 'Ascent' for the name of those Gold Medal(see above) recipients carved on it. This is the symbol indicating the school’s superiority in the realm of education.
There are four main teaching buildings on the campus, namely ‘Wei Yi’ Building, ‘Guang Yi’ Building, ‘Yun Lu’ Building and Science Building where there are laboratories for experimental classes. Among the four, the ‘Wei Yi’ Building is the largest and most splendid one, possessing 60 classroom in total. Origin of the ‘Wei Yi’ Building can be traced back to 1954, when its name was 'Teaching Building' and it was the only teaching facility on campus. The name 'Wei Yi' is in memory of the ‘Wei Yi School’, the initial name of the school. The architect structure of 'Wei Yi' Building is quite unique: instead of being used as classrooms, the first floor has a ‘Celebrity Hall’ where 66 sets of brief biographies of 66 prominent figures in history are hung against pillars that support the building. Every classroom in 'Wei Yi' building, 'Guang Yi' Building and 'Yun Lu' Building is equipped with an 52’ LCD TV and a computer, providing accessibility to digitalized teaching. The school also has a library which contains about 120 thousand books, ranging from natural sciences to humanity sciences. It is a four-floor building close to the 'Wei Yi' Building.
Another salient construction is the Student Center. Completed in 2005, it was a present from alumni dedicated to the school's 100th anniversary. Since then, the Student Center has been holding all major meetings and plays thanks to its large capacity and advanced acoustic system.
For the majority of senior 1 students, life in the school is easy. They have a bit of time to do what they are interested in. When stepping into senior 2, however, students usually experience, or exaggeratedly, suffer from a faster life due to heavier schoolwork. It is a normal phenomenon in any Chinese senior high school, for students must be well-prepared for the incoming National Higher Education Entrance Examination. Another evidence is that it is the students from senior 1 who mostly make up the Student Union. As for senior 3, it is regarded as the most tiring year that a student is likely to have ever experienced. As a survey revealed, more than 90% students in senior 3 generally feel exhausted, which is a phenomenon existing all over the mainland of China.
Although the students are often busy with their schoolwork, there are four major festivals for developing students as well as helping students release themselves. Besides, instead of organizing the festivals, teachers supervise the members from school's Student Union who are actually in charge of arranging the festivals and coordinating everything. The four festivals are:
1. Art Festival
Since 1985, there has been an Art Festival which usually last for five days in every December. During the Art Festival, every class from the same grade will perform one play in a soiree. All the plays will be graded by judges composed by art teachers, and then a list of winners will come out based on their marks. Traditionally, all the first-prize performances will be played on the last day of the Art Festival once again. This final show, also acted as the closing ceremony, will be watched by all the students and the faculty through TV.
2. Sport Festival
The Sport Festival could be grander than any other festivals in the school. The accurate year of first Sport Festival can not be confirmed, but it did start in a September. The Sport Festival is made up of several separate matches and a track meet. Those matches are also classified by students’ grade. For instance, senior 1 usually has soccer matches, while the tug-of-war always belongs to senior 3 only. The track meet is the climax of the whole Sport Festival, for all the personnel in the school, both students and faculty, are involved. Yet, most games in the track meet are also divided into groups consisting classes from the same grade while the teachers compete together. Compared to other three Festivals, Sport Festival is much more competitive due to its own nature.
3. Science Festival
Every April since 1987, the Science Festival takes place. The Science Festival mainly consist of some lectures given by scientists and professors in colleges as well as some competitive activities like electric circuits designing. There is no doubt that the very purpose of this festival is motivating students to think differently. In the China Adolescents Science Technology Invention Contest, students from the attached school have been performing extremely well, which is partially credited to the Science Festival. What's more, several students have even been exempted from the National Higher Education Entrance Examination due to their remarkable works.
4. Festival of Associations
The Festival of Associations which first started in 2004, is much younger than the other three festivals mentioned above. This festival is most popular one among students, however, for its various forms of activities. Basically, every association at school will hold at least one activity depending on the nature of the association itself. For instance, Basketball Association usually hold basketball games where there is no restriction on the age and the grade of players. Since teachers and students can play in a same team, it provides more possibilities of combination than the Sports Festival does. Ergo, participants fight for honor in the Sport Festival and play for fun in the Festival of Association. Other associations like History Association and Association of Birds Enthusiast, usually hold a series of propaganda campaign about their topics. These include picture shows and/or lectures.
The school has already established long-term friendly cooperative relationships with Southpoint Academy in Canada, Xiao Xing High School of Incheon, South Korea, Springvale Secondary College in Australia and Brooke House College in Britain. The High School recently entered into a "sister school" relationship with Orono High School in Orono, Maine, United States.
Every year the High School welcomes many waves of visitors from friend schools. In some long-peroid program, local students, usually from senior 1 and senior 2, are responsible for the reception task by 'babysitting' his or her partner: a foreign student will randomly be assigned to a Chinese student. More specifically, they will go, eat, sleep and study in parallel. Thus, if students want to apply for the reception mission, they’ll have to meet the language as well as financial requirement set up by the school first. Under most circumstances, it’s a great opportunity for Chinese students to make friends as well as practice English skills. As a result, despite the strict selectivity, passionate students still apply for such opportunities eagerly.
In return, the High School also dispatches delegates, consisting of students as well as teachers, to visit friend schools in hopes of learning their successful experience and improving mutual understanding. All students in the High School are eligible for the application and therefore competition is extremely fierce. Based on the records of previous visits, members of Student Union are much more likely to be selected.
For a long time, the school has been sending its best teachers to assist some of its cooperative schools. One notable event occurred in 2008, when the school expanded into Hainan Province by opening up a branch school in Hai Kou. This was a milestone in the history of the school, showing its growing strength. Recently, another junior high school became affiliated with the High School Attached to Hunan Normal University, as a new way to cultivate outstanding junior graduates for the parent-school.
After the 5.12 Earthquake, the school has been helping Li County reconstruct its schools and education systems. Besides, the school has established ‘Sichuan Class’ consisting of students from Sichuan who lost their homes and schools in the great quake.
On the first anniversary of the earthquake, May 12, 2009, the school held a large-scale commemoration by standing in silent tribute. In the 'Sichuan Class', a special class meeting was held. Wearing white flowers, students gathered to mourn those compatriots who lost their lives. The headmaster, Liyuan Chang, wrote a letter to express his grief for the victims and hope for the survivors. Some part of it are cited below:
I believe the earthquake can destroy our hometown, but never defeat our spirit and volition. Our determination to pursue a better life is not crushed as well.
I believe everyone of you will study hard and practice hard, striving to be pillars of our nation. I believe, we study together to draw a better future a few years later.I believe, our friendship will be sweeter just like a bottle of straveccio.
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- History from 1945 to 1949 An official version for this period.
- Brief biograph of Zhang Luqian The school's official document.
- Brief biograph of Zhu Zhiti The school's official document.
- The list of medal recipients The official website
- List of the students exempted from National Higer Education Entrance Examination The official website's statistics
- The school's introduction Baidu
- The school's introduction Baidu
- 7 days as twins Hunan News Channel of Chinanews
- Students from Sichuan arrived in Changsha for education. Education channel of the People's Daily Online.
- Official website of the High School Attached to Hunan Normal University
- Chinese Communist Youth League Committee of the High School Attached to Hunan Normal University