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Highway 1 (Afghanistan)

Highway 1 or A01, formally called the Ring Road, is a 2,200 kilometre two-lane road network circulating inside Afghanistan, connecting the following major cities (clock wise): Mazar, Kabul, Ghazni, Kandahar, Farah, and Herat in the west or northwest. It has extensions that also connect Jalalabad, Lashkar Gah, Delaram (Route 66), Islam Qala, and several other cities. It is part of AH1, the longest route of the Asian Highway Network.

Part of Highway 1 has been refurbished since late 2003, particularly the Kabul–Kandahar Highway, with funds provided by the United States, Saudi Arabia and others. Most work on that stretch was done by Turkish, Indian and local companies. Japanese companies were also involved near the southern Afghan province of Kandahar. In the west, Iran participated in the two-lane road construction between Islam Qala and the western Afghan city of Herat. On the other hand, Pakistan rebuilt the Jalalabad–Kabul Road, which is still not completely finished as of 2012.

Kabul - Kandahar

The Kabul–Kandahar Highway is a Script error: No such module "convert". road linking Afghanistan's two largest cities, Kabul and Kandahar. This highway is a key portion of the Ring Road. Approximately 35 percent of Afghanistan's population lives within 50 kilometers of the Kabul to Kandahar portion of the Ring Road.

The Kabul-Kandahar highway underwent major repairs carried out by the United States and Japanese governments with assistance in planning and design by Turkish and Indian engineers. Phase one of paving was completed in December 2003 and the highway was opened to traffic.[1]

Kandahar - Herat

Kabul - Jalalabad

The A01 national highway, Jalalabad - Kabul, follows the Kabul River Gorge for Script error: No such module "convert".. The two-lane Kabul Gorge highway runs along Script error: No such module "convert". cliffs. Fatal traffic accidents occur in this area, mainly due to reckless driving.[2]

See also


  1. ^ USAID Press Release: Afghans Celebrate Phase I Completion of Kabul to Kandahar Highway
  2. ^ Dexter Filkins, "Sarobi Journal: On Afghan Road, Scenes of Beauty and Death", The New York Times (February 7, 2010)