Open Access Articles- Top Results for History of the Jews in France

History of the Jews in France

French Jews
יהדות צרפת
Juifs français
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Total population
Core Jewish population:
480,000 - 550,000[1][2][3][4][5]
Enlarged Jewish population (includes non-Jewish relatives of Jews):
Regions with significant populations

Traditional Jewish languages
Hebrew, Yiddish, Ladino and other Jewish languages (most endangered and some now extinct)

Liturgical languages
Hebrew and Aramaic
Predominant spoken languages
French, Hebrew, Judeo-Arabic, Yiddish, Russian
Related ethnic groups
Sephardi Jews, Mizrahi Jews, Ashkenazi Jews, other Jewish ethnic divisions

The history of the Jews of France deals with the Jews and Jewish communities in France. There has been a Jewish presence in France since at least the early Middle Ages. France was once a center of Jewish learning, but persecution increased as the Middle Ages wore on, including multiple expulsions and returns. France was the first country in Europe to emancipate its Jewish population during the French Revolution, but, despite legal equality antisemitism remained an issue, as illustrated in the Dreyfus affair of the late 19th century. During the Holocaust in World War II, more than one fifth of the Jewish population were deported and murdered in death camps.[8] France has the largest Jewish population in Europe and the third largest Jewish population in the world (after Israel and the United States). The Jewish community in France is estimated from a core population of 480,000-500,000[1][2][3][4] to an enlarged population of 600,000.[6][7] The French Jewish community is found mainly in the metropolitan areas of Paris, Marseille, Strasbourg, Lyon, and Toulouse.[citation needed]

Today, French Jews are mostly Sephardi and Mizrahi who came from North Africa and the Mediterranean region and span a range of religious affiliations, from the ultra-Orthodox Haredi communities to the large segment of Jews who are entirely secular.

Roman-Gallic epoch