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History of veganism

File:Fruitlands in 1915.jpg
Fruitlands in 1915, an early vegan community in Harvard, Massachusetts

Veganism is the practice of abstaining from the use of animal products. One of the first recorded individuals following a vegan diet was Dr. William Lambe in 1806. Later individuals included John Frank Newton, a patient of Dr. Lambe, in 1811 and Percy Bysshe Shelley in 1813.[1]

In 1838, James Pierrepont Greaves opened Alcott House in Ham, London as a boarding school with pupils required to follow a vegetarian diet, understood as a vegan diet today. They used "vegetarian" to describe a 100% plant-based diet; a vegetarian was simply someone who lived on vegetation.[1] Supporters of Alcott House were a key group in the formation of the first Vegetarian Society in 1847.[1]

In 1843, Amos Bronson Alcott and Charles Lane established the short-lived vegan community Fruitlands in Harvard, Massachusetts.[2]

In 1944, Donald Watson coined the word "vegan" and founded the Vegan Society.[1]

Historians of Veganism

See also


  1. ^ a b c d John Davis. "A History of Veganism from 1806" (PDF). International Vegetarian Union. 
  2. ^ "Fruitlands". 

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