Human rights in Finland
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This has repeatedly been criticised, e.g. in October 2011. The United Nations human rights committee asked to cancel the aimed slaughter of reindeers in Nellime Ivalo in October 2011. Without this appeal it would have taken place in the first week of October. Finland has 6 months time to answer the UN. The reindeer owners and Forest Administration (Metsähallitus) have a long dispute in the area of the forests.
Military service and civilian service
Finland has compulsory military service. Mandatory options of civilian or military service were of unequal duration: civilian service 13 months, or one month longer than the longest conscript service (conscript officers and Non-commissioned officers and certain specialists such as certain vehicle operators), 12 months, and 5 months longer than the average service in army, 8 months. Rebuttal of criticism of the length of civilian service often point out that whereas conscripts are often on duty around the clock (especially in the field), civilian servicemen often only work during office hours. However, an act enacted in 2008 changed civilian service to 12 months. Some 25% of conscripts serve 12 months, with the large majority serving 6 months.
Arms trade to undemocratic countries
Finland granted arms export licenses to 25 countries in 2011 that are troublesome by the EU criteria.
€100 million weapon exports of Finnish manufacturer Patria to Saudi Arabia was the third largest weapons export deal of the 2000s. Saudi Arabia is an undemocratic country with no parliament and an autocratic government run by the Saudi royal family. Political parties and trade unions are banned. Freedom of assembly and freedom of association do not exist. Saudi Arabia sent troops against Bahraini pro-democracy demonstrations.The Ministry of Defence granted licenses to export sniper rifles and ammunition in October 2011 to Kazakhstan, where there is no press freedom and there are indications of human rights violations.
Migrant workers in Finland
As of 2011, Finland had not signed the United Nations Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families.
Police estimate the annual loss of taxes to the Finnish state by the misuse of migrant workers as 600–700 million euros. The misuse of migrant workers has been more and more frequently in the courts and news in past years. Several Estonian migrant workers have worked without written agreements, without social security and endured long days without a minimum wage, as required by law. According to Helsingin Sanomat, many Estonians are not paid at all. In December 2011, a Chinese restaurant in Ideapark Lempäälä was judged to pay 298,000 € for migrant work losses in tax, wages and penalties.
The Minister of Labour, Lauri Ihalainen, called for fair play in the labour market in January 2013. He drew attention to underpaid foreign workers and zero contracts of work that undermine employment security or other workers’ rights.
Olkiluoto Nuclear Power Plant construction project
Polish migrant workers at Elektrobudowa had an unpaid wages and trade union membership dispute in November 2011. The trade unions took the case to court on behalf of union members. Thirty-two people were fired for joining the trade union "Sähköliitto". The Finnish trade union leaders were most concerned about the common labor rights and civil rights of all workers in Finland.
The US human rights organisation Open Society Foundations published in January 2013 details of alleged secret CIA flights that operated via Finland, and ca 50 other countries. Amnesty has criticized Finland for the alleged flights. Finnish government did not approve rendition flights. However, it cannot be guaranteed that flights did not take place without Finnish government approval.
- Human rights in Europe
- Human trafficking in Finland
- Censorship in Finland
- LGBT rights in Finland
- Recognition of same-sex unions in Finland that is Marriage equality
- "Freedom in the World 2013: Finland". Freedom House. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
- "Scores of the Democracy Ranking 2012". Global Democracy Ranking. 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-27.
- "Freedom of the Press: Finland". Freedom House. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-27.
- "Statistics of the Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-27.
- "Annual Report 2013: Finland". Amnesty International. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-27.
- "Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012: Finland". U.S. State of Department Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor. 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-27.
- Parliament mulls how to deal with citizens’ initiatives yle 13.3.2013
- Gay marriage initiative proceeds to Parliament with 162,000 backers Yle 19.9.2013
- Kaari Utrio, Kalevan tyttäret Suomalaisen naisen tarina, Amanita 1987 Invalid language code.
- Finnish church marks 25 years of women priests yle 11.3.2013
- Espoon surmien ytimestä paljastuu naisiin kohdistuva väkivalta, HS 11.1.2010 C5, toiminnanjohtaja Frank Johansson Amnesty International Invalid language code.
- Finland lags behind in business world equality for women yle 14.8.2013
- Gender wage gap persists
- Equality of sexes poorly enforced at workplaces yle 15.8.2013
- Amnesty International Annual Report 2011 page 372-273
- Helsinki ei hyväksy lasten kerjäämistä 5.4.2012
- Teen prostitution a silent problem in Finland Yle News 3.6.2013 15
- Finland last to sign indigenous rights treaty? yle8.2.2013
- YK pyysi säästämään Nellimen porot HS 27.9.2011 A6
- Finland grants arms deals to human rights violators yle 20.3.2013
- Virolaisilta huijataan palkkoja Suomessa, Helsingin Sanomat 3.4.2012 A4
- HS 13.12.2011 A9
- Minister compares underpaying foreigners to slave trade yle 4.2.2013
- Ammattiliittojen työmaan saarto peruuntui viime hetkellä Kansan Uutiset 18.11.2011
- Puolalaisille hyvitys, Olkiluodon saarto peruuntui, Sovinnosta huolimatta kolmen miljoonan palkkakiista on vielä auki Kansan Uutiset 2.11.2012
- Sähköliitto: Olkiluodossa irtisanottu liittoon kuulumisen vuoksi Turun Sanomat 18.11.2011
- Finland pressing for more EU human rights powers yle
- Suomen otettava ryhtiliike yritysten ihmisoikeusvastuun varmistamisessa Finnwatch 28.01.2014
- Report details alleged CIA stopovers in Helsinki yle 6.2.2013
- Stora Enso kände till barnarbet Dagens Nyheter 2014-03-09 Invalid language code.
- Homepage of the Parliamentary Ombudsman for Human Rights.
- Human Rights and Finnish Foreign Policy.
- Archive of Finland reports at Amnesty International.
- Archive of Finland reports at Human Rights Watch.
- 2005 Finland report of Freedom House.
- 2004 World Press Freedom Review, published by the International Press Institute
- Homepage of the Institute for Human Rights at Åbo Akademi University.
- The Finnish League for Human Rights
- Censorship cases in Finland – IFEX
- Review of Finland by the United Nations Human Rights Council's Universal Periodic Review, April 9, 2008
U.S. State Department Annual Reports
- Religious Freedom Report 2005
- Religious Freedom Report 2004
- Religious Freedom Report 2003
- Religious Freedom Report 2002
- Religious Freedom Report 2001
- Religious Freedom Report 2000
- Religious Freedom Report 1999
- Human Rights Report 2004
- Human Rights Report 2003
- Human Rights Report 2002
- Human Rights Report 2001
- Human Rights Report 2000
- Human Rights Report 1999
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