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IAAF World Championships in Athletics

IAAF World Championships in Athletics
Sport Athletics
Founded 1983
No. of teams 200 (2007), 202 (2009), 204 (2011), 206 (2013)
Continent International (IAAF)
Most recent champion(s) Last winners lists
TV partner(s) SBS Two (Australia)
Eurovision (Europe)
TBS (Japan)
NBC Universal (United States)

The World Championships in Athletics is an event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Originally, it was planned to be held every four years, but this changed after the third edition in 1991, and it has since been run biennially.

History

The idea of having an Athletics World Championships was around well before the competition's first event in 1983. In 1913, the IAAF decided that the Olympic Games would serve as the World Championships for athletics. This was considered suitable for over 50 years until in the late 1960s the desire of many IAAF members to have their own World Championships began to grow. In 1976 at the IAAF Council Meeting in Puerto Rico an Athletics World Championships separate from the Olympic Games was approved.

Following bids from both Stuttgart, West Germany and Helsinki, Finland, the IAAF Council awarded the inaugural competition to Helsinki, to take place in 1983 and be held in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium (where the 1952 Summer Olympics had been held).

Two IAAF world championship events preceded the inaugural edition of the World Championships in Athletics in 1983. The 1976 World Championships had just one event – the men's 50 kilometres walk which was dropped from the Olympic programme for the 1976 Summer Olympics and the IAAF responded by setting up their own contest. Four years later, the 1980 World Championships contained only two newly approved women's events, (400 metres hurdles and 3000 metres), neither of which featured on the programme for the 1980 Summer Olympics.[1][2]

Over the years the competition has grown in size. In 1983 an estimated 1,300 athletes from 154 countries participated.[3] By the 2003 competition, in Paris, it had grown to 1,907 athletes from 203 countries with coverage being transmitted to 179 different countries.

There has also been a change in composition over the years, with several new events, all for women, being added. By 2005 the schedule for men and women was almost equal. The only differences being the men had the extra event of the 50 km walk, while women competed in the 100 m hurdles and heptathlon compared to the men in the 110 m hurdles and decathlon respectively.

The following list shows when new events were added for the first time.

Championships

Edition Year City Country Date Venue No. of
Events
No. of
Athletes
1st 1983 (details) Helsinki 23x15px Finland 7 Aug – 14 Aug Olympiastadion 41 1,355
2nd 1987 (details) Rome 23x15px Italy 28 Aug – 6 Sep Stadio Olimpico 43 1,451
3rd 1991 (details) Tokyo Template:Country data Japan 23 Aug – 1 Sep National Olympic Stadium 43 1,517
4th 1993 (details) Stuttgart 23x15px Germany 13 Aug – 22 Aug Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion 44 1,689
5th 1995 (details) Gothenburg 23x15px Sweden 5 Aug – 13 Aug Ullevi 44 1,804
6th 1997 (details) Athens 22x20px Greece 1 Aug – 10 Aug Olympiako Stadio 44 1,882
7th 1999 (details) Seville 23x15px Spain 20 Aug – 29 Aug Estadio Olímpico de la Cartuja 46 1,821
8th 2001 (details) Edmonton 23x15px Canada 3 Aug – 12 Aug Commonwealth Stadium 46 1,677
9th 2003 (details) Saint-Denis 23x15px France 23 Aug – 31 Aug Stade de France 46 1,679
10th 2005 (details) Helsinki 23x15px Finland 6 Aug – 14 Aug Olympiastadion 47 1,688
11th 2007 (details) Osaka Template:Country data Japan 24 Aug – 2 Sep Nagai Stadium 47 1,800
12th 2009 (details) Berlin 23x15px Germany 15 Aug – 23 Aug Olympiastadion 47 1,895
13th 2011 (details) Daegu Template:Country data South Korea 27 Aug – 4 Sep Daegu Stadium 47 1,867
14th 2013 (details) Moscow 23x15px Russia 10 Aug – 18 Aug Luzhniki Stadium 47 1,970
15th 2015 (details) Beijing 23x15px China 22 Aug – 30 Aug Beijing National Stadium
16th 2017 (details) London 23x15px United Kingdom 5 Aug – 13 Aug Olympic Stadium
17th 2019 (details) Doha 23x15px Qatar 28 Sep – 6 Oct Khalifa International Stadium
18th 2021 (details) Eugene 23x15px United States 14 Aug - 22 Aug (unofficial) Hayward Field

Medal totals since 1983

Updated after 2013 Championships

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 23x15px United States 138 88 74 300
2 23x15px Russia 53 60 55 168
3 Template:Country data Kenya 43 37 32 112
4 23x15px Germany 35 28 38 101
5 Template:Country data Jamaica 24 42 32 98
6 23x15px Soviet Union 22 25 28 75
7 23x15px Ethiopia 22 19 23 64
8 23x15px Great Britain 21 29 32 82
9 23x15px East Germany 20 18 15 53
10 23x15px Cuba 18 22 12 52
11 23x15px Poland 13 10 12 35
12 23x15px Czech Republic 12 5 4 21
13 23x15px Italy 11 15 13 39
14 23x15px Ukraine 11 9 13 33
15 23x15px France 10 15 18 43
16 23x15px Belarus 10 12 13 35
17 23x15px China 10 11 14 35
18 23x15px Morocco 10 11 6 27
19 23x15px Australia 10 9 12 31
20 23x15px Sweden 8 3 5 16
21 23x15px Spain 7 15 16 38
22 23x15px Finland 7 8 5 20
23 23x15px South Africa 7 6 4 17
24 23x15px Norway 6 5 2 13
25 23x15px Algeria 6 0 3 9
26 23x15px Romania 5 8 9 22
27 23x15px Bahamas 5 7 6 18
28 23x15px Portugal 5 6 5 16
29 23x15px Bulgaria 5 3 7 15
30 23x15px Bahrain 5 1 1 7
31 23x15px New Zealand 5 1 0 6
32 23x15px Canada 4 10 9 23
33 Template:Country data Japan 4 6 12 22
34 22x20px Greece 4 6 9 19
35 23x15px Czechoslovakia 4 4 3 11
36 23x16px  Switzerland 4 0 3 7
37 23x15px Ireland 3 3 0 6
38 23x15px Mexico 3 1 8 12
39 23x15px Mozambique 3 1 1 5
40 23x15px Croatia 3 1 0 3
40 23x15px Ecuador 3 1 0 4
42 23x15px Denmark 3 0 1 4
43 23x15px Trinidad and Tobago 2 4 5 11
44 23x15px Estonia 2 4 2 8
45 23x15px Lithuania 2 2 1 5
45 23x15px Qatar 2 2 1 5
47 23x15px Dominican Republic 2 1 1 4
47 23x15px Uganda 2 1 1 4
49 23x15px Tajikistan 2 0 0 2
50 23x15px Brazil 1 5 5 11
51 23x15px Netherlands 1 4 4 9
52 23x15px Namibia 1 4 0 5
53 23x15px Zambia 1 2 0 3
54 23x15px Slovenia 1 1 2 4
55 23x15px Panama 1 1 0 2
55 23x15px Botswana 1 1 0 2
57 23x15px Saint Kitts and Nevis 1 0 4 5
58 23x15px Senegal 1 0 1 2
58 23x15px Somalia 1 0 1 2
58 23x15px Syria 1 0 1 2
61 23x15px Barbados 1 0 0 1
61 23x15px Colombia 1 0 2 3
61 23x15px Grenada 1 0 0 1
61 Template:Country data North Korea 1 0 0 1
65 23x15px Hungary 0 6 5 11
66 23x15px Nigeria 0 4 4 8
67 Template:Country data Kazakhstan 0 3 3 6
68 23x15px Turkey 0 2 1 3
68 23x15px Djibouti 0 2 1 3
70 23x15px Cameroon 0 2 0 2
70 23x15px Ivory Coast 0 2 0 2
70 23x15px Puerto Rico 0 2 0 2
73 23x15px Austria 0 1 1 2
73 23x15px Burundi 0 1 1 2
73 23x15px Cyprus 0 1 1 2
73 23x15px Ghana 0 1 1 2
73 Template:Country data Israel 0 1 1 2
73 23x15px Sri Lanka 0 1 1 2
73 23x15px Suriname 0 1 1 2
73 23x15px Tunisia 0 1 1 2
81 23x15px Bermuda 0 1 0 1
81 23x15px Eritrea 0 1 0 1
81 23x15px Sudan 0 1 0 1
81 23x15px Tanzania 0 1 0 1
85 23x15px Belgium 0 0 4 4
86 23x15px Slovakia 0 0 3 3
87 23x15px Serbia 0 0 2 2
88 23x15px American Samoa 0 0 1 1
88 23x15px Dominica 0 0 1 1
88 Template:Country data Haiti 0 0 1 1
88 Template:Country data India 0 0 1 1
88 Template:Country data Iran 0 0 1 1
88 23x15px Latvia 0 0 1 1
88 23x15px Saudi Arabia 0 0 1 1
88 23x15px Zimbabwe 0 0 1 1
95 Total 631 625 627 1883
File:BLASER Wikipedia final 2.svg
Proportional symbol map of the world showing medal totals by country since 1983 for the IAAF World Championships in Athletics

Ceremonies

The opening and closing ceremonies of the 8th IAAF World Championships held in Edmonton in 2001 were broadcast live to over 200 countries. The event included the men's marathon, and featured a thousand voice choir and original music by The Second City alumni Jan Randall.

Multiple medallist

Men

There are fourteen athletes who have won at least six medals.[4]

Athlete Country 20px 20px 20px Tot.
Usain Bolt Template:Country data Jamaica 8 2 0 10
Carl Lewis 23x15px United States 8 1 1 10
Michael Johnson 23x15px United States 8 0 0 8
LaShawn Merritt 23x15px United States 6 2 0 8
Haile Gebrselassie 23x15px Ethiopia 4 2 1 7
Sergey Bubka 23x15px Soviet Union / 23x15px Ukraine 6 0 0 6
Jeremy Wariner 23x15px United States 5 1 0 6
Kenenisa Bekele 23x15px Ethiopia 5 0 1 6
Lars Riedel 23x15px Germany 5 0 1 6
Hicham El Guerrouj 23x15px Morocco 4 2 0 6
Ezekiel Kemboi Template:Country data Kenya 3 3 0 6
Butch Reynolds 23x15px United States 3 2 1 6
Bernard Lagat 23x15px United States / Template:Country data Kenya 2 3 1 6
Greg Haughton Template:Country data Jamaica 0 3 3 6
Women

There are twelve athletes who have won at least six medals.[4]

Athlete Country 20px 20px 20px Tot.
Merlene Ottey Template:Country data Jamaica / 23x15px Slovenia 3 4 7 14
Allyson Felix 23x15px United States 8 1 1 10
Jearl Miles Clark 23x15px United States 4 3 2 9
Veronica Campbell-Brown Template:Country data Jamaica 2 7 0 9
Gail Devers 23x15px United States 5 3 0 8
Gwen Torrence 23x15px United States 3 4 1 8
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce Template:Country data Jamaica 5 2 0 7
Yuliya Pechonkina 23x15px Russia 2 3 2 7
Beverly McDonald Template:Country data Jamaica 1 4 2 7
Lorraine Graham Template:Country data Jamaica 1 3 3 7
Carmelita Jeter 23x15px United States 3 1 3 7
Sanya Richards-Ross 23x15px United States 5 1 0 6

Athletes with most appearances

There are fifteen athletes that competed in at least eight editions.[4]

App. Name Country Years contested Events
11 Susana Feitor 23x15px Portugal 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 10 km walk / 20 km walk
Jesús Ángel García 23x15px Spain 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13 50 km walk
10 Franka Dietzsch 23x15px Germany 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 Discus throw
9 Tim Berrett 23x15px Canada 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07 20 km walk / 50 km walk
Maria Mutola 23x15px Mozambique 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07 800 m
Danny McFarlane Template:Country data Jamaica 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 400 m / 400 m hurdles / 4x400 m
Nicola Vizzoni 23x15px Italy 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13 Hammer throw
8 Jan Železný 23x15px Czechoslovakia / 23x15px Czech Republic 87, 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03 Javelin throw
Lars Riedel 23x15px Germany 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05 Discus throw
Hatem Ghoula 23x15px Tunisia 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07 20 km walk
Merlene Ottey Template:Country data Jamaica / 23x15px Slovenia 83, 87, 91, 93, 95, 97, 03, 07 100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Kevin Sullivan 23x15px Canada 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07 1500 m
Sergey Makarov 23x15px Russia 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11 Javelin throw
Venelina Veneva 23x15px Bulgaria 91, 95, 99, 01, 03, 05, 09, 11 High Jump
Aleksander Tammert 23x15px Estonia 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09 Discus throw

See also

References

External links

Template:IAAF World Championships in Athletics Stadiums

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