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The IEEE P1906.1 - Recommended Practice for Nanoscale and Molecular Communication Framework is a standards working group sponsored by the IEEE Communications Society Standards Development Board whose goal is to develop a common framework for nanoscale and molecular communication. Because this is an emerging technology, the standard is meant to encourage innovation by determining a common definition, terminology, framework, goals, metrics, and use-cases designed to encourage more innovation and enable the technology to advance at a faster rate. The standard has entered the sponsor balloting phase and has a project completion date of 2015.
Electronic components such as transistors, or electrical/electromagnetic message carriers whose operation is similar at the macroscale and nanoscale are excluded from the definition. A human-engineered, synthetic component must form part of the system because it is important to avoid standardizing nature or physical processes. The definition of communication, particularly in the area of cell-surface interactions as viewed by biologists versus non-biologists has been a topic of debate. The interface is viewed as a communication channel, whereas the 'receptor-signaling-gene expression' events are the network.
The draft currently comprises: definition, terminology, framework, metrics, use-cases, and reference code (ns-3).
- A precise definition of nanoscale networking
- Academic and industrial researchers have been playing with the concept of nanoscale communication networks, but without a common, well-defined, and precise definition. Essentially, if you don’t know where you're going, you're never going to get there. The P1906.1 working group has adopted the definitive specification for a nanoscale communication network.
- Common terminology for nanoscale networking
- Nanoscale communication networking is a highly interdisciplinary endeavor. A clear, common language is required so that interdisciplinary researchers can work smoothly together and minimize cross-discipline misunderstanding through the common definitions. The P1906.1 working group has reached consensus on common definitions unique to nanoscale communication networks.
- A framework for ad hoc nanoscale networking
- There is a pressing need for a conceptual model of nanoscale networks. A standardized platform for nanoscale communication network simulation is needed. Researchers are developing simulation models and packages for components related to nanoscale communication networks; however the simulation components are not interoperable, even at a conceptual level. The IEEE P1906.1 working group has adopted a nanoscale communication framework that addresses this need.
- Metrics and analytical model are in development
- Specific example applications of the standard
- Specific use-cases of nanoscale communication implemented using the P1906.1 definition and framework are provided.
- Reference code to model the recommended practice is in development
- Ns-3 reference code is currently in development that implements the developing IEEE P1906.1 recommended practice. The communication framework conceived by the P1906.1 working group has been implemented. A simple example highlighting the interaction and the role of each component in electromagnetic-based, diffusion-based, and molecular motor-based communication at the nanoscale has been developed.
Applications are numerous, however, there appears to be strong emphasis on medical and biological use-cases in nanomedicine.
The IEEE P1906.1 working group is developing ns-3 nanoscale simulation software that implements the IEEE 1906.1 standard and serves as a reference model and base for development of a wide-variety of interoperable small-scale communication physical layer models.
- http://standards.ieee.org/develop/project/1906.1.html IEEE P1906.1 - Recommended Practice for Nanoscale and Molecular Communication Framework
- https://mentor.ieee.org/1906.1/bp/StartPage IEEE COM/Nanoscale and Molecular Communications Working Group
- Bush, S.F.; Goel, S., "Persistence Length as a Metric for Modeling and Simulation of Nanoscale Communication Networks," Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on , vol.31, no.12, pp.815,824, December 2013 doi: 10.1109/JSAC.2013.SUP2.12130014.
- IEEE P1906.1 - Recommended Practice for Nanoscale and Molecular Communication Framework Project Application Request (PAR).
- IEEE P1906.1 - Recommended Practice for Nanoscale and Molecular Communication Framework
- Nanoscale Communication Networks