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Indian military decorations

The Armed Forces of India are eligible for a myriad of military decorations. Decorations are awarded for extraordinary bravery and courage, as well as distinguished service during times of war and peace. Service and campaign medals have been awarded throughout the history of India as an independent state.

Decorations

Decorations in the order of precedence:

Wartime gallantry awards

105px Param Vir Chakra
105px Maha Vir Chakra
105px Vir Chakra

Peacetime gallantry awards

105px Ashok Chakra Award
105px Kirti Chakra
105px Shaurya Chakra

Medals

Distinguished Service & Gallantry medals

105px Sena Medal (Army)
105px Nausena Medal (Navy)
105px Vayusena Medal (Air Force)

Wartime distinguished service medals

105px Sarvottam Yudh Seva Medal
105px Uttam Yudh Seva Medal
105px Yudh Seva Medal

Peacetime distinguished service medals

105px Param Vishisht Seva Medal
105px Ati Vishisht Seva Medal
105px Vishisht Seva Medal

Service and campaign medals

105px Wound Medal
105px General Service Medal 1947
105px Samanya Seva Medal
105px Special Service Medal
105px Samar Seva Star
105px Poorvi Star
105px Paschimi Star
105px Operation Vijay Star
105px Siachen Glacier Medal
105px Raksha Medal
105px Sangram Medal
105px Operation Vijay Medal
105px Operation Parakram Medal
105px Sainya Seva Medal
105px High Altitude Service Medal
105px Videsh Seva Medal

Long service awards

105px Meritorious Service Medal
105px Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
105px 30 Years Long Service Medal
105px 20 Years Long Service Medal
105px 9 Years Long Service Medal
105px Territorial Army Decoration
105px Territorial Army Medal

Independence medals

105px Indian Independence Medal
105px 50th Independence Anniversary Medal
105px 25th Independence Anniversary Medal

Mention in Dispatches

Mention in Dispatches has been used since 1947, in order to recognize distinguished and meritorious service in operational areas and acts of gallantry which are not of a sufficiently high order to warrant the grant of gallantry awards.[1]

Elegible personnel include all Army, Navy and Air Force personnel including personnel of the Reserve Forces, Territorial Army, Militia and other lawfully constituted Armed Forces, members of the Nursing Service and Civilians working under or with the Armed Forces.[1]

Personnel can be mentioned in dispatches posthumously and multiple awards are also possible. A recipient of a Mention in a Despatch is be entitled to wear an emblem, in the form of a lotus leaf on the ribbon of the relevant Campaign Medal. They are also issued with an official certificate from the Ministry of Defence.[1]

Commendation Card

File:Chief of Army Staff Commendation Card - India.jpg
Chief of Army Staff Commendation Card

All three branches of the military issue Commendation Cards, which are badges awarded for "individual acts of gallantry or distinguished service or devotion to duty performed either in operation or non-operational areas which are not of a sufficiently high order to qualify for a higher gallantry award or for which the higher award is inappropriate. The award will be for a specific act of bravery or distinguished service or special service. The award will not be made posthumously."

All three branches issue Commendations Cards at the level of the highest officer (Chief of the Army Staff, Chief of the Naval Staff and Chief of the Air Staff). The awards at lower levels seem to vary between services.[2][3][4]

Order of wear

The various decorations and medals are worn in the following order:[5]

  • Bharat Ratna
  • Param Vir Chakra
  • Ashoka Chakra
  • Padma Vibhusan
  • Padma Bhushan
  • Sarvattam Yudh Seva Medal
  • Param Vishisht Seva Medal
  • Maha Vir Chakra
  • Kirti Chakra
  • Padma Shri
  • Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak
  • Uttam Yudh Seva Medal
  • Ati Vishisht Seva Medal
  • Vir Chakra
  • Shaurya Chakra
  • President's Police and Fire Services Medal for Gallantry
  • President's Police Medal for Gallantry
  • President's Fire Services Medal for Gallantry
  • President's Correctional Service Medal for Gallantry
  • President's Home Guards and Civil Defence Medal for Gallantry
  • Yudh Seva Medal
  • Sena /Nao Sena/Vayu Sena Medal
  • Vishisht Seva Medal
  • Police Medal for Gallantry
  • Fire Services Medal for Gallantry
  • Correctional Service Medal for Gallantry
  • Home Guards and Civil Defence Medal for Gallantry
  • Uttam Jeevan Raksha Padak
  • Parakram Padak
  • General Service Medal - 1947
  • Samanya Seva Medal - 1965
  • Special Service Medal
  • Samar Seva Star-1965
  • Poorvi Star
  • Paschimi Star
  • OP Vijay Star Medal
  • Siachen Glacier Medal
  • Raksha Medal – 1965
  • Sangram Medal
  • OP Vijay Medal
  • OP Parakram Medal
  • Sainya Seva Medal
  • High Altitude Medal
  • Police (Special Duty) Medal - 1962
  • Videsh Seva Medal
  • President's Police and Fire Services Medal for Distinguished Service
  • President's Police Medal for Distinguished Service
  • President's Fire Services Medal for Distinguished Service
  • President's Correctional Service Medal for Distinguished Service
  • President's Home Guards and Civil Defence for Distinguished Service
  • Meritorious Service Medal
  • Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
  • Police Medal for Meritorious Service
  • Fire Services Medal for Meritorious Service
  • Correction Service Medal for Meritorious Service
  • Home Guards and Civil Defence Medal for Meritorious Service
  • Jeevan Raksha Padak
  • Territorial Army Decoration
  • Territorial Army Medal
  • Indian Independence Medal-1947
  • Independence Medal - 1950
  • 50th Anniversary of Independence Medal
  • 25th Independence Anniversary Medal
  • 30 Years Long Service Medal
  • 20 Years Long Service Medal
  • 9 Years Long Service Medal
  • Commonwealth Awards
  • Other Awards

References

External links