International League logo
|No. of teams||14|
|Most recent champion(s)||Pawtucket Red Sox|
|Most titles||Rochester Red Wings (10)|
The International League (IL) is a minor league baseball league that operates in the eastern United States. Like the Pacific Coast League and the Mexican League, it plays at the Triple-A level, which is one step below Major League Baseball. It was so named because it had teams in both the United States and Canada (and for several years in the 1950s in Cuba as well). However, since the relocation of the Ottawa Lynx to Allentown, Pennsylvania, to become the Lehigh Valley IronPigs for the 2008 season, all of the league's teams are now based in the U.S.
The International League was created from the mergers of member teams from three precursor leagues: the Eastern League, founded in
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The league collapsed soon afterwards, when the Northern teams claimed that it was too onerous to travel to the South and formed the International Association. Teams and league names came and went over the years. In
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The International League and the American Association, another Triple-A league that operated in the Midwest, voted in
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In further inter-league play, in 1988, the three Triple-A leagues, the other being the Pacific Coast League, met to play the first Triple-A All-Star Game. One team was made up of All-Stars from American League affiliates and the other of National League affiliates. Beginning in
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Also in 1998, with the addition of three new teams from the disbanded American Association and the Durham Bulls who previously played in the Carolina League, the International League reorganized into three divisions: the North Division, South Division, and West Division.
At the end of each season, the three divisional leaders and a wild card team square off in best-of-5 playoffs, with the winning team of the finals awarded the Governors' Cup, the league's championship trophy.
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- 1 Indicates current IL franchise's first year in current city. Some franchises have prior history in other cities, or had local predecessor franchises at other levels that shared their current name.
- 2 Many stadiums have lawn seating and thus capacity is approximate.
- 3 Franchise suspended from 1970 to 1985.
Current team rosters
In 1933, the International League introduced a new playoff system, awarding the winner the Governors' Cup. This has become the recognized International League champion.
Championships by Team
|1||Rochester Red Wings||10||1939, 1952, 1955, 1956, 1964, 1971, 1974, 1988, 1990, 1997|
|2||Columbus Clippers||9||1979, 1980, 1981, 1987, 1991, 1992, 1996, 2010, 2011|
|3||Syracuse Chiefs||8||1935, 1942, 1943, 1947, 1954, 1969, 1970, 1976|
|4||Montreal Royals||7||1941, 1946, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1953, 1958|
|5||Buffalo Bisons||6||1933, 1936, 1957, 1961, 1998, 2004|
|6||Norfolk Tides||5||1972, 1975, 1982, 1983, 1985|
|Richmond Braves||5||1978, 1986, 1989, 1994, 2007|
|8||Newark Bears||4||1937, 1938, 1940, 1945|
|Toronto Maple Leafs||4||1964, 1960, 1965, 1966|
|Durham Bulls||4||2002, 2003, 2009, 2013|
|Pawtucket Red Sox||4||1973, 1984, 2012, 2014|
|12||Toledo Mud Hens||3||1967, 2005, 2006|
|13||Baltimore Orioles||2||1944, 1950|
|Charlotte Knights||2||1993, 1999|
|Indianapolis Indians||2||1963, 2000|
|16||Havana Sugar Kings||1||1959|
Italics indicate team is now defunct.
Hall of fame
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