Internet in Poland
The Internet in Poland was used by 65% of the country's inhabitants in 2012 which placed Poland 54th in the world in terms of Internet use.
Facts and figures
- Top-level domain: .pl
- Internet users: 25.0 million users, 21st in the world; 65.0% of the population, 54th in the world (2012).
- Fixed broadband: 6.4 million subscriptions, 17th in the world; 16.6% of the population, 54th in the world (2012).
- Wireless broadband: 18.9 million subscriptions, 16th in the world; 49.3% of the population, 33rd in the world (2012).
- Internet hosts: 13.3 million hosts, 12th in the world (2012).
- IPv4: 19.4 million addresses allocated, 21st in the world, 0.5% of the world total, 505.9 addresses per 1000 people (2012).
According to an OECD report, in September 2012 the price of Internet access in Poland ranged from $0.45 to $127.12 USD PPP per megabit per second of advertised speed. This places Poland in the middle of the pack on the low end (18th lowest out of 34 countries) and at the top on the high end (second highest behind New Zealand at $130.20). This compares with ranges of $0.40 to $23.25 for Germany, $0.40 to $12.35 for the Czech Republic, and $0.53 to $41.70 for the U.S.
According to Eurostat, OECD and others, Internet access in Poland is among the most expensive in Europe. This is mostly caused by the lack of competitiveness and lack of know-how. New operators like Dialog and GTS Energis are making their own provider lines and offer more attractive and cheaper service. In February 2011, the Polish Office of Electronic Communication issued an order forcing the TPSA to rent 51% of their ADSL lines to other ISPs at 60% discount of their market pricing. As the result the prices are non-competitive, other ISP charge as TPSA making a guaranteed 40% profit, while TPSA has no incentive to lower its consumer prices, because it would result in lowering of wholesale prices as well.
The most popular ADSL services for home users in Poland are Neostrada provided by TPSA and Net24 provided by Netia. Both provide download speeds in the range of 10 to 80 Mbit/s and upload speeds of 1 Mbit/s or more. Business users as well as some home users use Internet DSL TP also offered by TPSA.
Internet DSL TP
There is another ADSL option available, targeted mainly at business clients, called Internet DSL TP. The link availability is guaranteed plus offers static IP address(es) and a modem with Ethernet interface.
Netia also offers ADSL (BiznesNet24) and SDSL (SuperNet24) subscriptions for business customers, which offer static IP address and higher speeds. Netia does not offer its own lines and depends on TPSA lines.
As of 08/05/13, UPC has upgraded its "Fiber Power" internet service to higher speeds, offering internet with download speeds from 10 Mbit/s up to 250 Mbit/s, making UPC one of the fastest ISPs in Poland. The top tier - 250/20 Mbit/s - is limited to selected locations: Warsaw, Gdańsk, Katowice and Kraków.
On January 2, 2012, Aster merged with UPC. As a result, every service was bumped into the higher tier and the daytime half speed throttling has been removed.
HETAN provides stationary Internet via Satellite to whole Poland for private and business customers with speeds ranging from 10 Mbit/s to 20 Mbit/s in download and from 2 Mbit/s to 6 Mbit/s in upload. HETAN launched its services in August 2011, and is since then market leader in providing internet via KA-satellite services to private households and SME's in Poland. HETAN is largest Reseller of Tooway/Skylogic Services in Poland and does represent as well Hylass/Avanti.
KORBANK provides Triple Play, especially in FTTx or ETH technology. The firm allows subscribers to connect and use computer-based telecommunications networks using independent Internet connections boasting high quality and transmission capacity, digital telephony and new generation TV. Operations focus on Lower Silesia and Masovia regions, where telecommunications services are offered to both retail and business clients. KORBANK is also founder of the first in Europe IPTV Platform based on Unicast Protocol - AVIOS.
Internet censorship and surveillance
The government does not restrict access to the Internet and there are no credible reports that it monitors e-mail or Internet chat rooms without appropriate legal authority. The constitution guarantees freedom of expression and forbids censorship. Libel remains a criminal offense, but possible penalties were reduced in 2009.
The law prohibits most arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence; however, the government does not always respect these prohibitions in practice. The law allows electronic surveillance for crime prevention and investigation. There is neither independent judicial review of surveillance activities nor any control over the use of information obtained by monitoring private communications. A number of government agencies have access to wiretap information. In 2011 the Office for Electronic Communications reported that law enforcement agencies requested access to telecommunications data (including call logs, telephone location, and names registered to specific numbers) 1.8 million times, an increase of 500,000 over the number of requests in 2010.
In September 2012, the creator of the website Antykomor.pl that satirized President Komorowski was sentenced to 15 months of restricted liberty and 600 hours of community service for defaming the president.
In January 2012, thousands protested Prime Minister Tusk's signing of the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) establishing international standards for enforcing intellectual property rights, accusing it of facilitating Internet censorship. And in February Tusk suspended ACTA's ratification because his government had made insufficient consultations before signing the agreement to ensure it was entirely safe for Polish citizens.
In early 2011, Internet censorship legislation that included the creation of a register of blocked web sites was abandoned by the Polish Government, following protests and petitions opposing the proposal.
- CERT Polska, Computer Emergency Response Team for Poland.
- Media in Poland
- Telecommunications in Poland
- Calculated using penetration rate and population data from "Countries and Areas Ranked by Population: 2012", Population data, International Programs, U.S. Census Bureau, retrieved 26 June 2013
- "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union (Geneva), June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
- "Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
- "Active mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
- "Internet hosts", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Select Formats, Country IP Blocks. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Site is said to be updated daily.
- Population, The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Data are mostly for 1 July 2012.
- "Broadband subscription price ranges per megabit per second of advertised speed, with line charges, September 2012, USD PPP", spreadsheet, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), 9 July 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- "Połączenie z Aster | UPC Polska". Upc.pl. 2012-03-05. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
- AVIOS, KORBANK.
- "Poland", Freedom in the World 2013, Freedom House. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- "Poland", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 2 April 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- "ACTA's EU future in doubt after Polish pause". ZDNet UK. 3 February 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Security Question 2 in Country Report: Poland", BSA Global Cloud Computing Scorecard, Business Software Alliance, 22 February 2012
- "Government stopped from preparing ‘illegal’ anti-internet piracy legislation", Polskie Radio, 2 March 2012
- "Polish Government Feels Urge to Regulate Internet", Marcin Sobczyk, Wall Street Journal, 16 March 2011
- Orange Homepage
- Net24 Homepage
- Multimo Homepage
- Dialog Homepage
- UPC Live Homepage
- ASTER Homepage
- Gemini Homepage
- Generacja Homepage
- Blast Homepage
- Multiplay Homepage
- PROXNET Homepage
- MultiMetro Homepage
- Debacom Homepage
- Compower Homepage
- ISTS Homepage
- JMDI Homepage
- Metro Internet Homepage
- FineMEDIA Homepage
- Korbank Homepage
- Internet Union Pawel Homepage
- Connecta Homepage
- INEA Homepage
- HETAN Homepage
- TS2 Technologie Satelitarne