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Interstate 80

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Interstate 80
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Route information
Length: 2,899.54 mi[1] (4,666.36 km)
Existed: 1956 – present
History: Completed in 1986
Major junctions
West end: Script error: No such module "Jct". in San Francisco, CA
  Script error: No such module "Jct". in Sacramento, CA
Script error: No such module "Jct". in South Salt Lake, UT
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Cheyenne, WY
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Des Moines, IA
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Channahon, IL
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Gary, IN
Script error: No such module "Jct". Lake Station IN to Lorain OH
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Rossford, OH
East end: Script error: No such module "Jct". in Teaneck, NJ
Highway system

Interstate 80 (I-80) is a transcontinental limited-access highway in the United States that runs from downtown San Francisco, California to Teaneck, New Jersey in the New York City Metropolitan Area. The highway was designated in 1956 as one of the original routes of the Interstate Highway system. Its final segment was opened to traffic in 1986. It is the second-longest Interstate Highway in the United States, following Interstate 90. The Interstate runs through many major cities including Toledo, Ohio, Des Moines, Iowa, Omaha, Nebraska, Salt Lake City, Utah, Sacramento, California and Oakland, California, and passes within Script error: No such module "convert". of Chicago and New York City.

I-80 is the Interstate highway that most closely approximates the route of the historic Lincoln Highway, the first road across America. The highway roughly traces other historically significant travel routes in the Western United States: the Oregon Trail across Wyoming and Nebraska, the California Trail across most of Nevada and California, the first transcontinental airmail route, and except in the Great Salt Lake area, the entire route of the First Transcontinental Railroad. From near Chicago, Illinois east to near Youngstown, Ohio, Interstate 80 is a toll road, containing the majority of both the Indiana Toll Road and the Ohio Turnpike. I-80 runs concurrent with Interstate 90 from near Portage, Indiana to Elyria, Ohio. In Pennsylvania, I-80 is known as the Keystone Shortway, a non-tolled freeway that crosses rural north-central portions of the state on the way to New Jersey and New York City.

Route description

Lengths
  mi[1] km
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NV Script error: No such module "convert".
UT Script error: No such module "convert".
WY Script error: No such module "convert".
NE Script error: No such module "convert".
IA Script error: No such module "convert".
IL Script error: No such module "convert".
IN Script error: No such module "convert".
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PA Script error: No such module "convert".
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Interstate 80 is a major urban freeway in the San Francisco Bay Area
I-80 descending into Reno from the Sierra Nevada
Mountains of the Great Salt Lake as seen approaching Salt Lake City from the west
Tunnels near Green River, Wyoming, one of three sets of tunnels along the interstate
Interstate 80 rolling through western Iowa
The Borman Expressway in Hammond, Indiana, approaching exit 3
I-80 Ohio Turnpike at the Cuyahoga River
Sign noting the highest point on I-80 east of the Mississippi River located in Clearfield County, Pennsylvania.
The eastern end of I-80 in Bergen County, New Jersey

California

Interstate 80 begins at an interchange with U.S. Route 101 in San Francisco, and then crosses the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge into Oakland. It then heads northeast through Vallejo, Sacramento, and the Sierra Nevada mountains before crossing into Nevada.

A portion of the route through Pinole, California involved the experimental transplantation of the rare species Santa Cruz tarweed in the right-of-way.

Nevada

In Nevada, I-80 traverses the northern portion of the state. The freeway serves the RenoSparks metropolitan area, and it also goes through the towns of Fernley, Lovelock, Winnemucca, Battle Mountain, Elko, Wells, and West Wendover on its way through the state.

The Nevada portion of I-80 follows the paths of the Truckee and Humboldt Rivers, which have been used as a transportation corridor since the California Gold Rush of the 1840s. The interstate also follows the historical routes of the California Trail, First Transcontinental Railroad, and Feather River Route throughout portions of the state. I-80 in Nevada closely follows, and at many points directly overlaps, the original route of the Victory Highway, State Route 1, and U.S. Route 40.

Utah

Main article: Interstate 80 in Utah

After crossing Utah's western border in Wendover, I-80 crosses the desolate Bonneville Salt Flats west of the Great Salt Lake. The longest stretch between exits on an Interstate Highway is located between Wendover and Knolls, with Script error: No such module "convert". between those exits. This portion of I-80, crossing the Great Salt Lake Desert, is extremely flat and straight, dotted with large warning signs about driver fatigue and drowsiness.

East of the salt flats, I-80 passes the southern edge of Great Salt Lake and continues on through Salt Lake City, where it merges with I-15 for Script error: No such module "convert". before entering the Wasatch Mountains east of the city. It ascends Parley's Canyon and passes within a few miles of Park City as it follows a route through the mountains towards the junction with the eastern terminus of the western section of I-84. From the junction it continues up Echo Canyon and on towards the border with Wyoming, near Evanston.

The route of the Utah section of I-80 is defined in Utah Code Annotated § 72-4-113(10).[2]

Wyoming

In Wyoming, I-80 reaches its maximum elevation of 8,640 feet (2,633 m) above sea level[3] at Sherman Summit, near Buford, which at 8,000 feet is the highest community on I-80. Farther west in Wyoming, the interstate passes through the dry Red Desert and over the Continental Divide. In a way, the highway crosses the Divide twice, since two ridges of the Rocky Mountains split in Wyoming, forming the Great Divide Basin, from which surface water cannot drain, but can only evaporate.

Nebraska

I-80 enters Nebraska west of Bushnell. The western portion of I-80 in Nebraska runs very close to the state of Colorado, without entering the state. The intersection of Interstate 76 and I-80 is visible from the Colorado-Nebraska state line. From its intersection with I-76 to Grand Island, I-80 lies in the valley of the South Platte River and the Platte River.

The longest straight stretch of interstate anywhere in the Interstate Highway System is the approximately Script error: No such module "convert". of I-80 occurring between Exit 318 in the Grand Island area and mile marker 390 near Lincoln, Nebraska. Along this length, the road does not vary from an ideally straight line by more than a few yards. After Lincoln, I-80 turns northeast towards Omaha. It then crosses the Missouri River in Omaha to enter the State of Iowa. Part of Interstate 80 in Nebraska is marked as a Blue Star Memorial Highway.

Iowa

Main article: Interstate 80 in Iowa

Interstate 80 is the longest Interstate Highway in Iowa. It extends from west to east across the central portion of the state through the population centers of Council Bluffs, Des Moines and the Quad Cities.[4] It enters the state at the Missouri River in Council Bluffs and heads east through the southern Iowa drift plain. In the Des Moines area, I-80 meets up with I-35 and the two routes bypass Des Moines together. In Ankeny, the interstates split and I-80 continues east. In eastern Iowa, it provides access to the University of Iowa in Iowa City. Northwest of the Quad Cities in Walcott is Iowa 80, the World's Largest Truckstop. I-80 passes along the northern edge of Davenport and Bettendorf and leaves Iowa via the Fred Schwengel Memorial Bridge over the Mississippi River into Illinois. The majority of the highway runs through farmland,[4] yet roughly one-third of Iowa's population live along the I-80 corridor.[5]

Illinois

In Illinois, I-80 runs from the Fred Schwengel Memorial Bridge across the Mississippi River south to an intersection with I-74. It then runs east across north-central Illinois just north of the Illinois River to Joliet. I-80 continues east and joins I-94 just before entering Indiana.

Indiana

In Indiana, I-80 runs concurrent with another Interstate Highway for its entire length. It runs with I-94 on the Borman Expressway before joining I-90 to Ohio on the Indiana Toll Road.

The portion of I-80 between Lake Station, Indiana and Elyria, Ohio runs concurrent with I-90. Between LaPorte and the Greater Toledo, Ohio area, the two highways are located within Script error: No such module "convert". of the Michigan state line, but do not enter that state. From the State Route 9 and I-80/I-90 intersection, the sign marking the Indiana-Michigan state line is visible. I-80/I-90 passes through the South Bend metropolitan area intersecting with the St. Joseph Valley Freeway. At another point in northern Indiana, I-80/I-90 comes within about Script error: No such module "convert". from the Michigan border.[6]

Ohio

In Ohio, I-80 enters with I-90 from the Indiana Toll Road and immediately becomes the "James W. Shocknessy Ohio Turnpike", more commonly referred to as simply the Ohio Turnpike. The two Interstates cross rural northwest Ohio and run just south of the metropolitan area of Toledo. In Rossford, Ohio the turnpike intersects with Interstate 75 in an area known as the Crossroads of America. This intersection is one of the largest intersections of two Interstate Highways in the United States.

In Elyria Township, just west of Cleveland, I-90 splits from I-80 (leaving the turnpike and running northeast as a freeway). I-80 runs east-southeast through the southern suburbs of Cleveland and retains the Ohio Turnpike designation. Just northwest of Youngstown, the Ohio Turnpike continues southeast onto Interstate 76, while I-80 exits the turnpike and runs east to the north of Youngstown, entering Pennsylvania south of Sharon, Pennsylvania.

Pennsylvania

In Pennsylvania, I-80 is the main east–west Interstate-standard highway through central Pennsylvania. It runs from the Ohio state line near Sharon to the Delaware Water Gap Toll Bridge over the Delaware River and is called the "Confair Memorial Highway".

I-80 serves no metropolitan areas with populations greater than 100,000 in Pennsylvania directly, though it traverses the extreme northern section of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area. A spur from I-80 (I-180) runs to Williamsport, while another (I-380) runs to Scranton. I-80 intersects I-476 in the Pocono Mountains which connects with Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, Allentown and Philadelphia. I-80 intersects I-79 in Western Pennsylvania which connects with Erie (about Script error: No such module "convert". to the north) and Pittsburgh (about Script error: No such module "convert". to the south). Additional intersections include I-81 connecting Syracuse, NY and Harrisburg while I-99 connects with State College and Altoona. Also in Western Pennsylvania I-80 serves as the western terminus for I-376 which connects it to the Pittsburgh International Airport and on to downtown and suburban Pittsburgh.

In Clearfield County, Interstate 80 reaches its highest elevation east of the Mississippi River, Script error: No such module "convert"., although other interstate highways east of the Mississippi, including I-26 in North Carolina and Tennessee, reach higher elevations.

In 2007, the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission, combined with state legislature Act No. 44, initiated plans to enact a tolling system on the entire span of I-80 throughout the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. On October 15, 2007, PennDOT and the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission signed a 50-year lease agreement, which will allow the Commission to maintain and, eventually, toll I-80.[7] However, the application for a toll was rejected by the Federal Highway Administration.[8]

New Jersey

A portion of I-80 that goes through New Jersey is called the Bergen-Passaic Expressway.[9]

I-80 does not enter New York City. Once the NJ Turnpike/I-95 was extended in 1971 from its former terminus at US-46 in Ridgefield, NJ to I-80 in Teaneck the section from Teaneck to Fort Lee was resigned as I-95, and it is the latter roadway that enters New York City via the George Washington Bridge. I-80's designated end (as per signage and NJDOT documents) is Script error: No such module "convert".[10] short of New York City in Teaneck, New Jersey, before the Degraw Ave overpass. There, signs designate the end of I-80 and the beginning of I-95.

Therefore the fact that mileage markers beyond the end of I-80 appear to follow as if they were part of I-80 is a coincidence. They match what would have been the correct mileage markers of I-95 had the Somerset Freeway been built.[citation needed]

One section of I-80 running from Netcong to Denville was constructed in 1958. It is one of the oldest sections of Interstate highway in the United States.[citation needed]

History

Interstate 80 was included in the original plan for the Interstate Highway System as approved in 1956. The interstate highway was built in segments. The final piece of Interstate 80 was completed in 1986 on the western edge of Salt Lake City. This piece was coincidentally dedicated close to the thirtieth birthday of the Interstate Highway System, which was noted at the dedication and considered to be a milestone in the history of highway construction in the United States.[11] It was also noted at the dedication that this was only Script error: No such module "convert". south of Promontory Summit, where the golden spike of the United States First Transcontinental Railroad was laid.[12]

Junction list

California
Script error: No such module "Jct". in San Francisco
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Oakland
Script error: No such module "Jct". on the Oakland–Emeryville city line. The highways travel concurrently to Albany
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Vallejo
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Fairfield
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Vacaville
Script error: No such module "Jct". in West Sacramento
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Sacramento
Nevada
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Reno
Script error: No such module "Jct". south-southwest of Lovelock. The highways travel concurrently to Winnemucca.
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Wells
Utah
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Salt Lake City
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Salt Lake City. The highways travel concurrently to South Salt Lake.
Script error: No such module "Jct". in South Salt Lake
Script error: No such module "Jct". southeast of Salt Lake City
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Silver Creek Junction. I-80/US 189 travels concurrently to east-northeast of Evanston, Wyoming.
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Echo
Wyoming
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Little America. The highways travel concurrently to south-southeast of Walcott.
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Purple Sage. The highways travel concurrently to Rock Springs.
Script error: No such module "Jct". east of Rawlins. The highways travel concurrently to south-southeast of Walcott.
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Laramie
Script error: No such module "Jct". southeast of Laramie. The highways travel concurrently to southwest of Cheyenne.
Script error: No such module "Jct". southwest of Cheyenne
Script error: No such module "Jct". on the Fox Farm–Cheyenne line
Script error: No such module "Jct". east-northeast of Cheyenne. The highways travel concurrently to Pine Bluffs.
Nebraska
Script error: No such module "Jct". southwest of Big Springs
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Ogallala
Script error: No such module "Jct". in North Platte
Script error: No such module "Jct". south of Lexington
Script error: No such module "Jct". south of Elm Creek
Script error: No such module "Jct". south of Grand Island
Script error: No such module "Jct". in York
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Lincoln
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Lincoln. The highways travel concurrently to north-northeast of Lincoln.
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Lincoln
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Waverly
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Omaha
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Omaha
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Omaha
Iowa
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Council Bluffs. The highways travel concurrently through Council Bluffs.
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Council Bluffs
Script error: No such module "Jct". northwest of Minden
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Avoca
Script error: No such module "Jct". north-northeast of Lorah. I-80/US 6 travel concurrently to De Soto.
Script error: No such module "Jct". in De Soto
Script error: No such module "Jct". in West Des Moines. I-35/I-80 travels concurrently to Ankeny.
Script error: No such module "Jct". on the CliveUrbandale city line
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Des Moines
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Ankeny
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Altoona. The highways travel concurrently through Altoona.
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Altoona. I-80/US 6 travels concurrently to Newton.
Script error: No such module "Jct". south of Malcom
Script error: No such module "Jct". east-northeast of Williamsburg
Script error: No such module "Jct". on the TiffinCoralville city line
Script error: No such module "Jct". north-northwest of Wilton. The highways travel concurrently to Davenport.
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Davenport. I-80/US 61 travels concurrently through Davenport.
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Davenport
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Le Claire
Illinois
Script error: No such module "Jct". in East Moline
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Colona
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Colona
Script error: No such module "Jct". northeast of Princeton
Script error: No such module "Jct". in LaSalle
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Channahon
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Joliet
Script error: No such module "Jct". in New Lenox
Script error: No such module "Jct". in New Lenox
Script error: No such module "Jct". on the MokenaOrland ParkTinley Park city line
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Country Club Hills
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Hazel Crest. The highways travel concurrently to the South HollandLansing village line.
Script error: No such module "Jct". on the South Holland–Lansing village line. I-80/I-94 travels concurrently to Lake Station, Indiana.
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Lansing. The highways travel concurrently to Lake Station, Indiana.
Indiana
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Hammond. The highways travel concurrently through Hammond.
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Gary
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Lake Station. I-80/I-90 travels concurrently to northwest of Elyria, Ohio.
Script error: No such module "Jct". southeast of Otis
Script error: No such module "Jct". in South Bend
Script error: No such module "Jct". north-northeast of Middlebury
Script error: No such module "Jct". west-northwest of Fremont
Ohio
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Maumee
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Perrysburg
Script error: No such module "Jct". northeast of Stony Ridge
Script error: No such module "Jct". north-northwest of Milan
Script error: No such module "Jct". in North Ridgeville
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Strongsville
Script error: No such module "Jct". on the RichfieldBrecksville line
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Streetsboro
Script error: No such module "Jct". east-southeast of North Jackson
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Mineral Ridge
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Girard
Script error: No such module "Jct". north of Hubbard
Pennsylvania
Script error: No such module "Jct". south of Hermitage
Script error: No such module "Jct". south of Mercer
Script error: No such module "Jct". northwest of Grove City
Script error: No such module "Jct". west of Corsica
Script error: No such module "Jct". east-northeast of Falls Creek
Script error: No such module "Jct". northwest of Zion. I-80/US 220 travels concurrently to east of Mackeyville.
Script error: No such module "Jct". north of New Columbia
Script error: No such module "Jct". northeast of New Columbia
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Lime Ridge
Script error: No such module "Jct". north-northwest of Drums
Script error: No such module "Jct". east of East Side
Script error: No such module "Jct". south-southwest of Pocono Summit
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Arlington Heights. The highways travels concurrently to east of East Stroudsburg.
New Jersey
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Columbia
Script error: No such module "Jct". west of Stanhope. The highways travel concurrently to south-southeast of Netcong.
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Netcong
Script error: No such module "Jct". east of Rockaway
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Parsippany-Troy Hills
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Parsippany-Troy Hills
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Parsippany-Troy Hills
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Parsippany-Troy Hills
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Wayne
Script error: No such module "Jct". in Teaneck

See also

  • U.S. Roads portal

References

  1. ^ a b Federal Highway Administration Route Log and Finder List, Main Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System Of Interstate and Defense Highways as of October 31, 2002
  2. ^ "Utah State Legislature". Le.utah.gov. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  3. ^ Official State Highway Map of Wyoming (Map). Wyoming Department of Transportation. 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Google (August 9, 2012). "Interstate 80" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  5. ^ Staff (March 29, 2010). "Population grows in I-80, U.S. 30 corridors". Daily Times Herald (Carroll, Iowa). Retrieved August 12, 2012. 
  6. ^ MSRMaps
  7. ^ Nussbaum, Paul (October 17, 2007). "I-80 toll plans moving forward". The Philadelphia Inquirer. [dead link]
  8. ^ "Federal Highway Administration press release, April 6, 2010". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "The Roads of Metro New York — Interstate 80 (New Jersey)". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  10. ^ Measured in Google Earth from I-80 end sign (visible in Street View) to the beginning of the George Washington Bridge
  11. ^ "America Celebrates 30th Anniversary of the Interstate System". U.S. Highways (Federal Highway Administration). Fall 1986. 
  12. ^ Staff (Aug 25, 1986). "Around the Nation - Transcontinental Road Completed in Utah". The New York Times. Associated Press. OCLC 1645522. Retrieved May 13, 2013. 

External links

Route map: Bing