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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Islam by country

Islam by country

Muslims constitute the world's second largest religious group. According to a 2010 study and released January 2011,[1][2] Islam has 1.57 billion adherents, making up over 23% of the world population.[3][4][5] Most Muslims are of two denominations: Sunni (75–90%)[6] or Shia (10–20%).[7] Ahmadis represent about 1% of the Muslim population.[8]

Islam is the dominant religion in the Middle East, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, the Sahel,[1][9][10][11] and some parts of Asia.[12] Large communities of Muslims are also found in China, the Balkans, India and Russia.[1][13] Other parts of the world host large Muslim immigrant communities; in Western Europe, for instance, Islam is the second largest religion after Christianity, where it represents 6% of the total population.[14]

According to the Pew Research Center in 2010 there were 49 Muslim-majority countries.[15] Around 62% of the world's Muslims live in South and Southeast Asia, with over 1 billion adherents.[16] The largest Muslim population in a country is in Indonesia, a nation home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims, followed by Pakistan (11.0%), India (10.9%), and Bangladesh (9.2%).[1][17] About 20% of Muslims live in Arab countries.[18] In the Middle East, the non-Arab countries of Turkey and Iran are the largest Muslim-majority countries; in Africa, Egypt and Nigeria have the most populous Muslim communities.[1][17] The study found more Muslims in the United Kingdom than in Lebanon and more in China than in Syria.[1]

Countries

Figures indicated in the first four columns below are based on the demographic study by the Pew Research Center report of The Future of the Global Muslim Population, as of 27 January 2011.[1][2]

Table

Country/Region[1] Muslim population
2010 Pew Report[1]
Muslim percentage (%) of total population
2010 Pew Report[1]
Percentage (%) of World Muslim population
2010 Pew Report[1]
Muslim population
Other sources
Muslim percentage (%)
Other sources
23x15px Afghanistan 29,047,000 99.8 1.8
23x15px Albania 2,601,000 82.1 0.2 1,587,608 (official census)[19] 38.8%[20][21] 56.7%[19]
23x15px Algeria 34,780,000 98.2 2.1
23x15px American Samoa < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Andorra < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Angola 90,000 1.0 < 0.1
23x15px Anguilla < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
23x15px Antigua and Barbuda < 1,000 0.6 < 0.1
23x15px Argentina 400,000 2.5 0.1
23x15px Armenia < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Aruba < 1,000 0.4 < 0.1
23x15px Australia 399,000 1.9 < 0.1 476,291 (official census)[22] 2.2%[22]
23x15px Austria 475,000 5.7 < 0.1 400-500,000[23] ~6.0%[24]
23x15px Azerbaijan 8,795,000 98.4 0.5
23x15px Bahamas < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Bahrain 655,000 81.2 < 0.1 866,888 (official census)[25] 70.2%[25]
23x15px Bangladesh 148,607,000 90.4 9.2
23x15px Barbados 2,000 0.9 < 0.1
23x15px Belarus 19,000 0.2 < 0.1
23x15px Belgium 638,000 6.0 < 0.1 628,751[26] 6.0%[26]
23x15px Belize < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Benin 2,259,000 24.5 0.1
23x15px Bermuda < 1,000 0.8 < 0.1
23x15px Bhutan 7,000 1.0 < 0.1
23x15px Bolivia 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Bosnia-Herzegovina 1,564,000 41.6 0.1 45%[27]
23x15px Botswana 8,000 0.4 < 0.1
23x15px Brazil 35,000 0.1 < 0.1 35,167 (official census)[28]
23x15px British Virgin Islands < 1,000 1.2 < 0.1
23x15px Brunei 211,000 51.9 < 0.1 67%[29]
23x15px Bulgaria 1,002,000 13.4 0.1 577,139 (official census)[30] 10%[30]
23x15px Burkina Faso 9,600,000 58.9 0.6 60.5%[31]
23x15px Burma (Myanmar) 1,900,000 3.8 0.1
23x15px Burundi 184,000 2.2 < 0.1
23x15px Cambodia 240,000 1.6 < 0.1
23x15px Cameroon 3,598,000 18.0 0.2 20.9%[32]
23x15px Canada 940,000 2.8 0.1 1,053,945 (official census)[33] 1.9%,[34] 3.2%[33]
23x15px Cape Verde < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Cayman Islands < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
23x15px Central African Republic 403,000 8.9 < 0.1 15%[35][36]
23x15px Chad 6,404,000 55.7 0.4
23x15px Chile 4,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 2,894 (official census)[37] 0.03% (over 15+ pop.)[37]
23x15px China 23,308,000 1.8 1.4 50,000,000[38]
23x15px Colombia 14,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 40,000 to 80,000[39]
23x15px Comoros 679,000 98.3 < 0.1
23x15px Congo 969,000 1.4 0.1
23x15px Cook Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Costa Rica < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Croatia 56,000 1.3 < 0.1
23x15px Cuba 10,000 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Cyprus 200,000 22.7 < 0.1
23x15px Czech Republic 4,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Denmark 226,000 4.1 < 0.1 210,000[40] 3.7%[40]
23x15px Djibouti 853,000 97.0 0.1
23x15px Dominica < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
23x15px Dominican Republic 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Ecuador 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Egypt 80,024,000 94.7 4.9 91%[41]
23x15px El Salvador 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Equatorial Guinea 28,000 4.1 < 0.1
23x15px Eritrea 1,909,000 36.5 0.1 50%[42]
23x15px Estonia 2,000 0.1 < 0.1 1,400[43]
23x15px Ethiopia 25,000,000 33.8 1.8 25,037,646[44] 34%
23x15px Faeroe Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Falkland Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Federated States of Micronesia < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Fiji 54,000 6.3 < 0.1
23x15px Finland 42,000 0.8 < 0.1
23x15px France 4,704,000 7.5 0.3 8%-10%[45]
23x15px French Guiana 2,000 0.9 < 0.1
23x15px French Polynesia < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Gabon 145,000 9.7 < 0.1
23x15px Gambia 1,669,000 95.3 0.1
23x15px Georgia 442,000 10.5 < 0.1
23x15px Germany 4,119,000 5.0 0.3 4,300,000[46] 5,4%[46]
23x15px Ghana 3,906,000 16.1 0.2
23x15px Gibraltar 1,000 4.0 < 0.1
23x15px Greece 527,000 4.7 < 0.1
23x15px Greenland < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Grenada < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
23x15px Guadeloupe 2,000 0.4 < 0.1
23x15px Guam < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Guatemala 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Guinea 8,693,000 84.2 0.5
23x15px Guinea Bissau 705,000 42.8 < 0.1 50%[47]
23x15px Guyana 55,000 7.2 < 0.1
Template:Country data Haiti Haiti 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Honduras Honduras 11,000 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Hong Kong Hong Kong 91,000 1.3 < 0.1
23x15px Hungary 25,000 0.3 < 0.1 5,579 (official census)[48]
Template:Country data Iceland Iceland < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1 770[49] 0.24%[49]
Template:Country data India India 177,286,000 14.6 10.9
Template:Country data Indonesia Indonesia 204,847,000 88.1 12.7
Template:Country data Iran Iran 74,819,000 99.7 4.6
Template:Country data Iraq Iraq 31,108,000 98.9 1.9
23x15px Ireland 43,000 0.9 < 0.1
23x15px Isle of Man < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Template:Country data Israel Israel 1,287,000 17.7 0.1
23x15px Italy 1,583,000 2.6 0.1 825,000[24] 1.4%[24]
23x15px Ivory Coast 7,960,000 36.9 0.5 40%[50][51][52]
Template:Country data Jamaica Jamaica 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Japan Japan 185,000 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Jordan Jordan 6,397,000 98.8 0.4
Template:Country data Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 8,887,000 56.4 0.5 70.2% (official census)[53]
Template:Country data Kenya Kenya 2,868,000 7.0 0.2 10%[54]
Template:Country data Kiribati Kiribati < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Kosovo 2,104,000 91.7 0.1 1,584,000[55]
Template:Country data Kuwait Kuwait 2,636,000 86.4 0.2
Template:Country data Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 4,927,000 88.8 0.3
23x15px Laos 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Latvia 2,000 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Lebanon 2,542,000 59.7 0.2
23x15px Lesotho 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Liberia 523,000 12.8 < 0.1
23x15px Libya 6,325,000 96.6 0.4
23x15px Liechtenstein 2,000 4.8 < 0.1
23x15px Lithuania 3,000 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Luxembourg 11,000 2.3 < 0.1
23x15px Macau < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Macedonia 713,000 34.9 < 0.1
23x15px Madagascar 220,000 1.1 < 0.1 7%[56]
23x15px Malawi 2,011,000 12.8 0.1
23x15px Malaysia 17,139,000 61.4 1.1
23x15px Maldives 309,000 98.4 < 0.1
23x15px Mali 12,316,000 92.4 0.8
23x15px Malta 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
23x15px Marshall Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Martinique < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
23x15px Mauritania 3,338,000 99.2 0.2
23x15px Mauritius 216,000 16.6 < 0.1
23x15px Mayotte 197,000 98.8 < 0.1
23x15px Mexico 111,000 0.1 < 0.1 3,700 (official census)[57]
23x15px Moldova 15,000 0.4 < 0.1
23x15px Monaco < 1,000 0.5 < 0.1
23x15px Mongolia 120,000 4.4 < 0.1
23x15px Montenegro 116,000 18.5 < 0.1 118,477 [58] 19.11% [58]
23x15px Montserrat < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Morocco 32,381,000 99.9 2.0 99%[59]
23x15px Mozambique 5,340,000 22.8 0.3
23x15px Namibia 9,000 0.4 < 0.1
23x15px Nauru < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
File:Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal 1,253,000 4.2 0.1
23x15px Netherlands 914,000 5.5 0.1 5.8%[60]
23x15px Netherlands Antilles < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
23x15px New Caledonia 7,000 2.8 < 0.1
23x15px New Zealand 41,000 0.9 < 0.1
23x15px Nicaragua 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Niger 15,627,000 98.3 1.0
23x15px Nigeria 75,728,000 47.9 4.7 85,000,000 50%[61]
23x15px Niue < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data North Korea North Korea 3,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Northern Mariana Islands < 1,000 0.7 < 0.1
23x15px Norway 144,000 3.0 < 0.1 163,180 in 2008[62]
23x15px Oman 2,547,000 87.7 0.2
23x15px Pakistan 178,097,000 96.4 11.0
23x15px Palau < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Palestine 4,298,000 97.5 0.3 3,500,000 99.3% (Gaza Strip),[63] 75% (West Bank)[64]
23x15px Panama 25,000 0.7 < 0.1
23x15px Papua New Guinea 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Paraguay 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Peru < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Philippines 4,737,000 5.1 0.3 10,300,000 (2012)[65] 5% (2000) to 11% (2012)[65]
23x15px Pitcairn Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Poland 20,000 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Portugal 65,000 0.6 < 0.1
23x15px Puerto Rico 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Qatar 1,168,000 77.5 0.1
23x15px Republic of Congo 60,000 1.6 < 0.1
23x15px Reunion 35,000 4.2 < 0.1
23x15px Romania 73,000 0.3 < 0.1
23x15px Russia 16,379,000 11.7 1.0 11.7%[66]
23x15px Rwanda 188,000 1.8 < 0.1
23x15px St. Helena < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px St. Kitts and Nevis < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
23x15px St. Lucia < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px St. Pierre and Miquelon < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
23x15px St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2,000 1.7 < 0.1
23x15px Samoa < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px San Marino < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px São Tomé and Príncipe < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Saudi Arabia 25,493,000 97.1 1.6
23x15px Senegal 12,333,000 95.9 0.8
23x15px Serbia 280,000 3.7 < 0.1
23x15px Seychelles < 1,000 1.1 < 0.1
23x15px Sierra Leone 4,171,000 71.5 0.3
23x15px Singapore 721,000 14.9 < 0.1
23x15px Slovakia 4,000 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Slovenia 49,000 2.4 < 0.1
23x15px Solomon Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Somalia 9,231,000 98.6 0.6 99.9%[67][68][69][70][71]
23x15px South Africa 110,000 1.5 < 0.1
Template:Country data South Korea South Korea 35,000 0.2 < 0.1
23x15px South Sudan N/A N/A N/A 610,000 6.2%
23x15px Spain 1,021,000 2.3 0.1 1,000,000[24] 2.3%[24]
23x15px Sri Lanka 1,725,000 8.5 0.1 1,967,227 (official census)[72] 9.71[72]
23x15px Sudan 30,855,000 71.4[Note 1] 1.9 97.0% (only the Republic of Sudan)[73]
23x15px Suriname 84,000 15.9 < 0.1 19.6%[74]
23x15px Swaziland 2,000 0.2 < 0.1
23x15px Sweden 451,000 4.9 < 0.1 450-500,000[75] ~5%[75]
23x16px Switzerland 433,000 5.7 < 0.1 400,000[76] 5%[76]
23x15px Syria 20,895,000 92.8 1.3
23x15px Taiwan 23,000 0.1 < 0.1 60,000[77] 0.3%[78]
23x15px Tajikistan 7,006,000 99.0 0.4
23x15px Tanzania 13,450,000 29.9 0.8 35%[79]
23x15px Thailand 3,952,000 5.8 0.2
23x15px Timor-Leste 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Togo 827,000 12.2 0.1 20%[80]
23x15px Tokelau < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Tonga < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Trinidad and Tobago 78,000 5.8 < 0.1
23x15px Tunisia 10,349,000 99.8 0.6
23x15px Turkey 74,660,000 98.6 4.6 96.4[81] - 76%[82]
23x15px Turkmenistan 4,830,000 93.3 0.3
23x15px Turks and Caicos Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Tuvalu < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Uganda 3,700,000 12.0 0.3
23x15px Ukraine 393,000 0.9 < 0.1 2,000,000[83]
23x15px United Arab Emirates 3,577,000 76.0 0.2
23x15px United Kingdom 2,869,000 4.6 0.2 2,422,000[84] 2.4%[24]
23x15px United States 2,595,000 0.8 0.2 6,000,000-7,000,000[85]
23x15px U.S. Virgin Islands < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Uruguay < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Uzbekistan 26,833,000 96.5 1.7
23x15px Vanuatu < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x16px Vatican City 0 0 0
23x15px Venezuela 95,000 0.3 < 0.1
23x15px Vietnam 63,146 0.2 < 0.1 71,200[86]
23x15px Wallis and Futuna < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
23x15px Western Sahara 528,000 99.6 < 0.1
23x15px Yemen 24,023,000 99.0 1.5
23x15px Zambia 15,000 0.4 < 0.1
23x15px Zimbabwe 50,000 0.9 < 0.1
South & Southeast Asia 1,005,507,000 24.8 62.1
Middle East-North Africa 321,869,000 91.2 19.9
Sub-Saharan Africa 242,544,000 29.6 15.0
Europe 44,138,000 6.0 2.7
Americas 5,256,000 0.6 0.3
World Total 1,619,314,000 23.4 100.0
  1. ^ Includes South Sudan

See also

Other religions by country

General

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Muslim Population by Country". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Preface", The Future of the Global Muslim Population (Pew Research Center) 
  3. ^ "Executive Summary". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  4. ^ "Christian Population as Percentages of Total Population by Country". Global Christianity. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  5. ^ "Turmoil in the world of Islam". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  6. ^ See:
  7. ^ See
    • "Shīʿite". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 2010-08-25. Shīʿites have come to account for roughly one-tenth of the Muslim population worldwide. 
    • "Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population". Pew Research Center. 2009-10-07. Retrieved 2013-09-24. The Pew Forum's estimate of the Shia population (10-13%) is in keeping with previous estimates, which generally have been in the range of 10-15%. Some previous estimates, however, have placed the number of Shias at nearly 20% of the world's Muslim population. 
    • "Shia". Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs. Retrieved December 5, 2011. Shi'a Islam is the second largest branch of the tradition, with up to 200 million followers who comprise around 15% of all Muslims worldwide... 
    • "Religions". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2010-08-25. Shia Islam represents 10-20% of Muslims worldwide... 
    • Iran, Israel and the United States "The majority of the world's Islamic population, which is Sunni, accounts for over 75% of the Islamic population; the other 10-20 percent is Shia." (reference: CIA)
    • Sue Hellett; U.S. should focus on sanctions against Iran "Let me review, while Shia Islam makes up only 10-20 percent of the world's Muslim population, Iraq has a Shia majority (between 60-65 percent), but had a Sunni controlled government under Saddam Hussein and cronies from 1958-2003... (If you like government figures, see the CIA World Factbook.)"
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Region: Middle East-North Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  10. ^ "Region: Sub-Saharan Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  11. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306
    According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
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  14. ^ See:
  15. ^ "Muslim-Majority Countries". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  16. ^ "Region: Asia-Pacific". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  17. ^ a b "Number of Muslim by country". nationmaster.com. Retrieved 2007-05-30. 
  18. ^ See:
    • Esposito (2002b), p.21
    • Esposito (2004), pp.2,43
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Further reading

External links