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Islin

Islin
Arabic عسلين
Name meaning Honey[1]
Subdistrict Jerusalem
Coordinates

31°47′04.95″N 35°00′22.69″E / 31.7847083°N 35.0063028°E / 31.7847083; 35.0063028Coordinates: 31°47′04.95″N 35°00′22.69″E / 31.7847083°N 35.0063028°E / 31.7847083; 35.0063028{{#coordinates:31|47|04.95|N|35|00|22.69|E|type:city_region:IL |primary |name=

}}
Palestine grid 150/132
Population 302 (1948[2])
Date of depopulation 18 July, 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Eshta'ol[4]

Islin (Arabic: عسلين‎) was a Palestinian Arab village located 21 kilometers west of Jerusalem. The village had a population of 302 inhabitants and was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.[5][6] It was occupied by Israeli forces, possibly from the Fourth Battalion of the Harel Brigade, on 18 July 1948 during Operation Dani, causing its inhabitants to leave.[6] Eshtaol, a moshav, was built on the village's land.

History

In 1596, Islin appeared as Islit in Ottoman tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Ramla of the Liwa of Jaffa. It had a population of 14 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, and goats or beehives.[7]

In the later 1870s the place was uninhabited, with ruins still visible.[8] It was probably re-established at the beginning of the century.[6]

1948 Arab–Israeli War and after

Islin, along with four other villages, were overtaken by the Israeli Harel Brigade on 17-18 July 1948 in Operation Dani. The villages had been on the front line since April 1948 and most of the inhabitants of these villages had already left the area. Many of those who stayed fled when Israeli forces attacked and the few who remained at each village were expelled.[9]

Of the site today, Walid Khalidi writes:
"Partially destroyed walls and stone terraces can be seen throughout the site. A thick forest, bushes, and grass grow over and around the stone rubble. Many carob trees and some olive trees grow on the northern edge of the site, and eucalyptus and fir trees grow in the south. The site also houses a bus repair yard belonging to the Israeli public transportation cooperative, Egged."[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 284
  2. ^ Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  3. ^ Morris, 2006, p. xviii, village #330. Also gives the cause for depopulation
  4. ^ Morris, 2006, p. xix, settlement #78. 1949
  5. ^ Jerusalem District Stats from Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine (1970) Hadawi, Sami. The Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center
  6. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p. 295
  7. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 152
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, III:83. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p.295
  9. ^ Benny Morris, "The birth of the Palestinian refugee problem revisited", p.436. Cambridge University Press, 2004. ISBN 9780521009676

Bibliography

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External links

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