It's Too Late (Carole King song)
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"It's Too Late" is a song from Carole King's 1971 album Tapestry. Toni Stern wrote the lyrics and King wrote the music. It was released as a single in April 1971 and reached number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 and Adult Contemporary charts. Sales were later certified Gold by the RIAA. Billboard ranked "It's Too Late" and its fellow A-side, "I Feel the Earth Move," as the No. 3 record for 1971.
Music and lyrics
The lyrics describe the end of a loving relationship without assigning blame. Music critic Dave Marsh noted the implicit feminism in the fact that the woman has left the man. Marsh also remarked on the maturity of the theme. Music critic Robert Christgau claimed that "if there's a truer song about breaking up than 'It's Too Late,' the world (or at least AM radio) isn't ready for it." Marsh describes the melody as Tin Pan Alley and the arrangement as a cross between light jazz and "L.A. studio craftmanship." Rolling Stone Magazine stated the King's "warm, earnest singing" on the song brought out the song's sadness. According to author James Perone, the feeling of the song is enhanced by the instrumental work of Danny Kortchmar on guitar, Curtis Amy on saxophone and King on piano. Kortchmar and Amy each have an instrumental solo.
The sadness of the song is emphasized by the music being in a minor key. Perone also notes several melodic techniques King uses in the song which helped make the song such a hit. She builds the melody out of syncopated rhythmic motifs which are modified and combined over the course of the song, in contrast to many songs in which the rhythmic phrases are simply repeated. Perone also believes that she makes the melody easy to remember by establishing the highest note in the melody by repeating it several times before the melody descends to the tonic. This establishes the highest and lowest notes in the listeners ear, aiding recognition. An important element of the melody from an emotional standpoint is that rather than ending on the tonic, as most songs do to establish a final resolution, "It's Too Late" ends on the mediant, which is related to the tonic but still leaves a sense of inconclusiveness. This effectively contrasts with the lyrics, which imply that the singer has fully accepted the end of the relationship.
Toni Stern said to Sheila Weller that she wrote the lyrics in a single day, after her love affair with James Taylor was over. The recording won a Grammy Award for Record of the Year in 1972, and the song is included on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 greatest songs of all time.
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The song has been covered by
- 1972: The Isley Brothers on their album Brother, Brother, Brother; reaching #39 on the R&B chart
- 1991: Dina Carroll with the band Quartz, earning her first hit; it reached #8 in the UK
- 1994: Workshy on their album Soul Love
Awards and recognition
- King's version of "It's Too Late" peaked at #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 and Adult Contemporary charts‒on the Hot 100 as a double A-side with "I Feel the Earth Move".
- King's version of "It's Too Late" was certified Gold by the RIAA.
- "It's Too Late" won a Grammy Award for Record of the Year in 1972.
- "It's Too Late" is ranked number 469 on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 greatest songs of all time.
- Together with its other A-side, it was named by the RIAA as number 213 of 365 Songs of the Century.
- Singer/songwriter Josh Rouse paid homage to it on his song 1972 presented on the album of the same name released in 2003.
|Billboard Hot 100||1|
|UK Singles Chart||6|
|Irish Singles Chart||8|
|Canadian Singles Chart||5|
|Year End Charts (US)||3|