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James M. Goslin

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This page is a soft redirect.James McCormick Goslin, Jr.
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This page is a soft redirect. (1915-08-27)August 27, 1915
Calhoun, Ouachita Parish
Louisiana, USA

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This page is a soft redirect. September 27, 2001(2001-09-27) (aged 86)
Shreveport, Caddo Parish

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Shreveport, Louisiana

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James McCormick Goslin, Jr., known as James M. Goslin or Jimmy Goslin (August 27, 1915 – July 27, 2001), was from 1966 to 1976 the sheriff of Caddo Parish, based in Shreveport in northwestern Louisiana.

Background

Goslin was born in Calhoun in western Ouachita Parish, the son of James Goslin, Sr. (1888-1977), and the former Reita Roan (1894-1981). Reared thereafter in Ruston in Lincoln Parish, Goslin relocated in 1931 to Shreveport.[1]

For seven years Goslin was an officer of the Shreveport Police Department. During World War II, he served in the Philippine Islands as a United States Army criminal investigator agent.[1]

Career

In 1944, he became a deputy under Caddo Parish Sheriff J. Howell Flournoy. Goslin graduated from the FBI National Academy[2] and the Police Administration School at Southern Methodist University near Dallas, Texas.[1]

On October 31, 1961, Sheriff Flournoy, Chief Deputy Goslin, and J. Earl Downs, the Shreveport commissioner of public safety who was unseated the next year by George W. D'Artois, informed the manager of Continental Southern Trailways bus terminal in Shreveport that facilities must under state law remain racially segregated. Despite the warning, terminal manager Hugh B. Walmsley removed signs which had designated separate waiting rooms, restrooms, ticket booths, and dining facilities for the use of whites and African Americans. The next day, the Caddo Parish district attorney instituted a prosecution of Walmsley for violation of the state segregation law. Soon Judge Benjamin C. Dawkins, Jr., of the United States District Court for the Western District of Louisiana declared that segregation at the bus terminal imposed an "undue burden" upon interstate commerce at odds with the Commerce Clause of Article 1, Section 8 , of the United States Constitution. In November 1962, the court directed city officials, including Mayor Clyde Fant and Commissioner Downs, to halt the state segregation policy at the bus terminal and to pay costs related to the lawsuit. Flournoy and Goslin were removed as defendants in the case; the attorney for the city was a rising political figure, later U.S. Senator J. Bennett Johnston, Jr.[3]

In another case involving Sheriff Goslin, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit in New Orleans upheld a ruling from the U.S. District Court in Shreveport regarding the appointment of legal counsel for indigent defenders in misdemeanor cases. The issue centered on Willie Lee Thomas, who was prosecuted with four misdemeanors and two escapes in Caddo Parish in 1963 and 1964, when Flournoy was still sheriff. Goslin contended that the district court erred in mandating the appointment of counsel in a misdemeanor case. He argued that such a requirements imposes an "impossible burden" on the state administration of justice. Thomas pleaded guilty to a charge of escape and was given the maximum penalty of one year in jail, but he was not informed of his right to the assistance of counsel. Like the district court, the circuit court in 1968 sided with the prisoner and against the sheriff.[4]

When Flournoy died in December 1966, Goslin as the chief criminal deputy was appointed sheriff eight days later by Governor John McKeithen to finish the year and a half remaining in the term. For those eight days, he had shared the duties of sheriff with the Caddo Parish Coroner Stuart DeLee.[5] A Democrat, Goslin was subsequently elected sheriff in 1967 and 1971 for two four-year terms of his own.[1] Flournoy announced plans to retire two months before his death. He endorsed Goslin as his successor.[6]

In the general election held on February 6, 1968, in which Goslin ran unopposed, Republican State Representative Taylor W. O'Hearn of Shreveport, who was seeking, unsuccessfully as it developed, to a second term notified Goslin and Shreveport Public Service Commissioner George W. D'Artois that election laws had been violated at three predominantly African-American voting precincts in Shreveport — that Democrats passed out campaign literature at the door of one polling place and were less than the required two hundred feet minimum from the two other precincts. O'Hearn said that Goslin and D'Artois both told him that the matter was out of their jurisdiction.[7]

Sheriff Goslin worked in the department to implement a central purchasing system and to bring forth changes in insurance, the maintenance of criminal records, and bookkeeping procedures. A sheriff's substation was added in Vivian in northern Caddo Parish. Goslin established a toll-free incoming telephone line for use by the public. The department began its own training academy and opened an indoor shooting range. Goslin authorized classes on narcotics, water safety, self-defense for women, and student traffic and pedestrian programs.[8] Under Goslin, the third deputy in Caddo Parish history, Frank M. Normand (1932-1968), was killed in the line of duty. On May 26, 1968, Norman's vehicle collided with a freight train in a dimly-lit area at the intersection of Flournoy-Lucas and Woolworth roads as he was headed to pick up a partner. He had been on duty for twenty minutes that day. Normand left behind a wife and an eight-week-old son.[9][10]

In 1971, Goslin established the since defunct Caddo Correctional Institute at Spring Ridge in south Caddo Parish. In use for twenty-five years, the institute was operated by the former Caddo Parish Police Jury, the parish governing body now known as the Caddo Parish Commission. The institute replaced a former facility on West 70th Street, which had been utilized for more than sixty years. CCI was plagued with unrest and inmate escapes and was itself replaced in 1995 under Sheriff Don Hathaway with a modern jail of 1,070 beds. Known as the Caddo Correctional Center, the new facility is located on Forum Drive in north Shreveport.[8]

In 1974, under federal court order, Sheriff Goslin seized equipment of the Charlotte Hornets, who were in Shreveport playing at Independence Stadium for the World Football League against the Shreveport Steamer, both teams soon disbanded. Goslin was complying with a suit seeking more than $26,000 in accumulated debts that had been filed against the Hornets by plaintiffs in New York City, where the team had been domiciled during the first half of 1974. However, Goslin allowed the team to play the game before the impounding of the equipment.[11][5]

Later years

After he left office, Goslin became involved in the 1978 campaign to choose a successor to retiring U.S. Representative Joe Waggonner of Louisiana's 4th congressional district. He supported a fellow Democrat Loy F. Weaver, a former agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Drug Enforcement Administrator and a banker from Homer in Claiborne Parish. Victory, however, went in a disputed vote to Waggonner's preferred choice, Buddy Leach, a state representative from Vernon Parish,[12]who was subsequently unseated after one term in 1980 by Buddy Roemer.

Goslin was formerly named "Lawman of the Year,"[1] "Mr. Shreveport,"[13] and received the Liberty Bell Award,[1] which recognizes an outstanding non-lawyer who has made a strong contribution to the community.[14] He was honored in 1976 by the American Legion.[15]

Goslin died of Alzheimer's disease and a lung infection.[5] was predeceased by his wife of fifty-three years, the former Nettye Lewis. The couple had one son, James M. Goslin, III, who died in 2012 at the age of seventy. James, III, was the property manager and real estate broker with Goslin & Associates, a petroleum land agent with Crystal Oil Company, and a salesman at Twin State Trucks. There were two Goslin grandchildren.[16] Goslin's brother and only sibling, Thomas Benton Goslin, Sr. (1921-2001), died in Olla in LaSalle Parish twenty-four days before Goslin's own passing[17] in Shreveport in 2001 at the age of eighty-five.

Goslin is interred at Forest Park East Cemetery in Shreveport.[1]His parents are buried at Greenwood Cemetery in Ruston.[18]

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References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "James McCormick "Jimmy" Goslin, Jr.". The Shreveport Times. July 30, 2001. pp. 3B. Retrieved September 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Directory of Graduates of the FBI National Academy". mocavo.com. Retrieved September 21, 2014. 
  3. ^ "United States of America, Plaintiff, v. City of Shreveport, Louisiana, et al., Defendants". la.findacase.com. November 16, 1962. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  4. ^ "James M. Goslin, Jr., Sheriff of Caddo Parish, Appellant, v. Willie Lee Thomas, Appellee., 400 F.2d 594 (5th Cir. 1968)". federal-circuits.vlex.com. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "James M. Goslin, Jr.". zoominfo.com. November 7, 2008. Retrieved March 10, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Rites to be held Monday for sheriff". The Shreveport Times. December 16, 1966. p. 9-A. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  7. ^ Shreveport Journal, February 7, 1968, p. 1
  8. ^ a b Eric John Brock. "Growth and Expansion of the Caddo Parish Sheriff's Office". caddohistory.com. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Deputy Sheriff Frank M. Normand". odmp.org. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  10. ^ John Andrew Prime (July 5, 2010). "Frank M. Normand". findagrave.com. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  11. ^ Richard Sink (November 7, 1974). "Louisiana Sheriff Seizes Hornets Gear". Charlotte, North Carolina: The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  12. ^ The Shreveport Journal, November 8, 1978, p. 4A
  13. ^ The Shreveport Times, May 29, 1973
  14. ^ Norman Otto Stockmeyer (January 1992). "The Liberty Bell Award: Symbol of Law Day". papers.ssrn.com. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  15. ^ The Shreveport Times, March 18, 1976
  16. ^ "James Goslin, III". The Shreveport Times. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Thomas Benton "Tom" Goslin, Sr.". findagrave.com. Retrieved September 24, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Goslin". findagrave.com. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
Preceded by
J. Howell Flournoy
Sheriff of Caddo Parish, Louisiana

James McCormick Goslin, Jr.
1966–1976

Succeeded by
Harold Terry