The current version of the game developed during the 18th century around the area of Lyon.
- The Fédération Lyonnaise et Régionale was formed in 1906.
- About the same time, in 1907, the sport of pétanque split off to become its own sport.
- It led to the formation of La Fédération Nationale des Boules in 1933.
- That became the Fédération Française de Boules in 1942.
The rules are similar to the game of pétanque except that:
- A pétanque terrain is about half the size of a jeu Provençal terrain.
- In pétanque, the feet are fixed in one spot while throwing, while in jeu Provençal the normal practice is to take a short run-up to the throw.
These differences reflect the reason pétanque was invented – to create a sport that was accessible to a disabled player in a wheelchair.
- In pétanque, each player has three boules when playing as singles; in jeu Provençal (as in bocce) each player has four.
The grounds and equipment
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- Petanque.org - Italian Games (accessed 18 May 2008)
- www.BocceVolo.com - Official Rules - Chapter 1 - Materials
- Fédération Internationale de Pétanque et Jeu Provençal web site
- BocceVolo.com - World Class Bocce
- Confederation Mondiale des Sports de Boules
- Fédération Internationale de Boules (FIB)
- Bocce in Volo - La community boccistica della specialità volo italiana (Portale e forum sulle bocce italiane e mondiali) Invalid language code.
- A short video showing Jeu Provençal being played
- sport-boules in French Wikipedia
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