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Jinan dialect

Jinan dialect
濟南話
Native to Urban Jinan in the People's Republic of China
Region Northeastern China
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Jinan dialect (simplified Chinese: 济南话; traditional Chinese: 濟南話; pinyin: jǐnánhuà) is a dialect of the Mandarin language family, which in turn constitutes one of the Sinitic language families. It is spoken in Jinan in Shandong province.

Phonetics and Phonology

Consonants

Consonants of the Jinan dialect
  bilabial labio-dental alveolar alveolo-palatal retroflex velar
nasal [[bilabial nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.m]]
  [[alveolar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.n]]
[[palatal nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɲ]]
  [[velar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ŋ]]
plosives voiceless unaspirated [[voiceless bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.p]]
  [[voiceless alveolar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t]]
    [[voiceless velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.k]]
voiceless aspirated [[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.pʰ]]
  [[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tʰ]]
    [[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.kʰ]]
fricatives voiced         [[voiced retroflex sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʐ]]
voiceless   [[voiceless labiodental fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.f]]
[[voiceless alveolar fricative#Voiceless alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.s]]
[[voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɕ]]
[[voiceless retroflex sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʂ]]
[[voiceless velar fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.x]]
affricates voiceless unaspirated     [[Voiceless alveolar sibilant affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ts]]
[[voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tɕ]]
[[voiceless retroflex affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tʂ]]
 
voiceless aspirated     [[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tsʰ]]
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tɕʰ]]
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tʂʰ]]
 
lateral approximants     [[alveolar lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.l]]
   

Tones

Tone chart of the Jinan dialect
Tone number Tone name Tone contour Description
1 yin ping (陰平) ˨˩˧ (213) dipping
2 yang ping (陽平) ˥ (5) high
3 shang sheng (上聲) ˨˦ (24) rising
4 qu sheng (去聲) ˨˩ (21) low

See also

References

  • Běijīng dàxué zhōngguóyǔyánwénxuéxì yǔyánxué jiàoyánshì. (1989) Hànyǔ fāngyīn zìhuì. Běijīng: Wénzìgǎigé chūbǎnshè.(北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室. 1989. 漢語方音字匯. 北京: 文字改革出版社)
  • Norman, Jerry. [1988] (2002). Chinese. Cambridge, England: CUP ISBN 0-521-29653-6
  • Yuán, jiāhuá (1989). Hànyǔ fāngyán gàiyào (An introduction to Chinese dialects). Beijing, China: Wénzì gǎigé chūbǎnshè. (袁家驊. 1989. 漢語方言概要. 北京:文字改革出版社.)

External links


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