File:Rindt at 1970 Dutch Grand Prix (2B).jpg|
Rindt in 1970
Karl Jochen Rindt|
18 April 1942
Mainz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
5 September 1970 (aged 28)|
Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Lombardy, Italy
|Formula One World Championship career|
|Active years||1964 – 1970|
Rob Walker (Privateer Brabham),|
Cooper, Brabham, Lotus
|Races||62 (60 starts)|
|Career points||107 (109)|
|First race||1964 Austrian Grand Prix|
|First win||1969 United States Grand Prix|
|Last win||1970 German Grand Prix|
|Last race||1970 Italian Grand Prix|
Karl Jochen Rindt (April 18, 1942, Mainz, Germany – September 5, 1970, Monza, Italy) was a German-born racing driver who represented Austria during his career. He is the only driver to posthumously win the Formula One World Drivers' Championship (in 1970), after being killed in practice for the Italian Grand Prix. He competed in 62 Grands Prix, winning six and achieving 13 podium finishes. Away from Formula One, Rindt was highly successful in other single-seater formulae, as well as sports car racing. In 1965 he won the 24 Hours of Le Mans race, driving a Ferrari 250LM in partnership with Masten Gregory from the United States of America. He was a close friend to Jackie Stewart, and was a neighbour to the Scotsman in Switzerland.
Jochen Rindt was born in Mainz, Germany, to an Austrian mother and German father, but his parents were killed in a bombing raid in Hamburg during the Second World War, when he was just one year old. He was thus raised by his grandparents in Graz, Austria, where he grew up and started motor racing. His grandfather, a lawyer, opted for Rindt to maintain German citizenship, but Rindt drove his entire career under an Austrian racing licence  and is buried in Graz.
Despite being very successful in Formula Two (by winning for instance the 1964 London Trophy at Crystal Palace), Rindt kept on choosing the wrong Formula One cars. Rindt made his Formula One debut for the Rob Walker Racing Team in the 1964 Austrian Grand Prix. It was to be his only Grand Prix of the year. From 1965 to 1967, Rindt raced for Cooper, scoring 32 points in 29 races. In 1968, Rindt raced for Brabham, but his season was not what he had hoped for because of technical problems. He also raced in the Indianapolis 500 in both 1967 and 1968, but finished no better than 24th.
Rindt was noted for being an exceptionally fast driver with superb car control and reflexes, but rarely had a car equal to his talent until 1969 when he moved to Lotus and his career took off. Rindt clinched the first Grand Prix victory of his career in the 1969 Grand Prix of the USA in Watkins Glen. Rindt finished that year with 22 points, giving him fourth place in the Formula 1 World Championship. Rindt occasionally had a fraught relationship with Colin Chapman as he preferred a stable technological footing as opposed to Chapman's need to innovate and invent, but the two forged a successful partnership. Rindt's first victory in the 1970 season was at Monaco, where he advanced to second place due to the attrition of others and closed on Jack Brabham with such ferocity that he forced Brabham into an error and gained the victory on the last corner. With the Lotus 72 better sorted after anti-dive and anti-squat had been removed, Rindt won four Grands Prix in succession in the Netherlands, France, Britain and Germany.
During practice for the 1970 Italian Grand Prix in Monza, near Milan, Chapman and Rindt agreed to follow the lead of Jackie Stewart (Tyrrell) and Denny Hulme (McLaren) and run without wings in an attempt to reduce drag and gain a higher top speed. The more powerful flat-12 Ferraris of Jacky Ickx and Clay Regazzoni had been up to Script error: No such module "convert". faster than the Lotus at the previous race in Austria. Rindt's team mate John Miles was unhappy with the wingless setup in Friday practice, reporting that the car "wouldn't run straight". Rindt reported no such problems, and Chapman recalled that Rindt reported the car to be "almost 800 rpm faster on the straight" without wings.
On the following day, Rindt ran with higher gear ratios fitted to his car to take advantage of the reduced drag, increasing the car's potential top speed to Script error: No such module "convert".. On Rindt's fifth lap of the final practice session, Hulme, who was following, reported that under braking for the Parabolica corner, "Jochen's car weaved slightly and then swerved sharp left into the crash barrier." A joint in the crash barrier parted, the suspension dug in under the barrier, and the car hit a stanchion head on. The front end of the car was destroyed. Although the 28-year-old Rindt was rushed to hospital, he was pronounced dead. Rindt was in the habit of using only four points on the five point harness then available and did not wear the crotch straps, as he wanted to be able to get out of the car quickly in the event of fire. As a result upon impact he slid under the belts and suffered fatal throat injuries. He was the second Lotus team leader to be killed in two years, as Jim Clark had been killed in 1968 in a Formula 2 race at Hockenheim. An Italian court later found that the accident was initiated by a failure of the car's right front brake shaft, but that Rindt's death was caused by poorly installed crash barriers.
Rindt is buried at the central cemetery (Zentralfriedhof) in Graz.
At the time he died Rindt had won five of that year's ten Grands Prix, which meant that he had a strong lead in the World Championship. At that stage he theoretically could have been overtaken by Ferrari driver Jacky Ickx. However Rindt's Lotus team mate who succeeded him, Emerson Fittipaldi, won the penultimate Grand Prix of the year at Watkins Glen, USA, depriving Ickx of the points he needed to win the title, and so Rindt became motor racing's only posthumous World Champion. The trophy was presented to his Finnish widow Nina (Lincoln) Rindt, daughter of famous Finnish racer Curt Lincoln. Although popular legend favors the myth that Jochen had already promised Nina he would retire from F1 if he won the world championship, he had changed his mind before Monza and had told Nina that he would continue in Formula 1 for at least one more season if he became World Champion.
The penultimate corner at the Red Bull Ring is named after Rindt.
Complete Formula One World Championship results
(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)
Non-Championship Formula One results
(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)
|1963||Jochen Rindt||Cooper T67||Ford V8||LOM||GLV||PAU||IMO||SYR||AIN||INT||ROM||SOL||KAN||MED|| AUT
|1965||Cooper Car Company||Cooper T77||Climax V8|| ROC
|Roy Winkelmann Racing||Brabham BT16||BRM V8|| MED
|1966||Cooper Car Company||Cooper T81||Maserati V12||RSA||SYR|| INT
|1967||Cooper Car Company||Cooper T81||Maserati V12|| ROC
|1968||Brabham Racing Organisation||Brabham BT26||Repco V8||ROC||INT|| OUL|
|1969||Team Lotus||Lotus 49B||Ford V8|| ROC
|1970||Team Lotus||Lotus 49C||Ford V8|| ROC
|Lotus 72|| INT
- Until 1990, not all points scored by a driver contributed to their final World Championship tally (see list of points scoring systems for more information). Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.
- Aeiou Encyclopedia: "Rindt, Jochen"
- Nur auf der Rennstrecke sterblich
- Mappes-Niediek (2008) p. 35
- Prüller (1970) pp.192—193
- Prüller (1970) p.195
- Prüller (1970) p.199
- Nye (1986) p.69
- Rendall (2007) p.264
- Nye, Doug (1986). Autocourse history of the Grand Prix car 1966–85. Hazleton publishing. ISBN 0-905138-37-6.
- Prüller, Heinz (1970). Jochen Rindt. Kimber Publishing. SBN 7183-0162-5.
- Mappes-Niediek, Norbert (2008). Österreich für Deutsche: Einblicke in ein fremdes Land. Links Verlag. ISBN 978-3-86153-454-9.
- Rendall, Ivan (2007). The Chequered Flag – The complete history of motor racing. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 978-1-4072-0683-7.
|Winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans
| Succeeded by|
|Formula One World Champion
| Succeeded by|
|Formula One fatal accidents
September 5, 1970
| Succeeded by|
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