John Wesley Harding (song)
|"John Wesley Harding"|
|Song by Bob Dylan from the album John Wesley Harding|
|Released||December 27, 1967|
|Recorded||November 6, 1967|
|Genre||Folk rock, country rock|
|John Wesley Harding track listing|
Writing and recording
Dylan told Jann Wenner in a 1969 Rolling Stone interview that the song "started out to be a long ballad. I was gonna write a ballad on ... like maybe one of those old cowboy ... you know, a real long ballad. But in the middle of the second verse, I got tired. I had a tune, and I didn't want to waste the tune; it was a nice little melody, so I just wrote a quick third verse, and I recorded that." Biographer Clinton Heylin states that Dylan has had a well-documented interest in outlaw cowboys, including Jesse James and Billy the Kid, and in the past Dylan has said that his favorite folk song was "John Hardy", whose real-life title character in 1893 murdered another man over a game of craps. John Wesley Hardin was another late-19th century outlaw. Dylan has stated that he chose John Wesley Hardin for his protagonist over other badmen because his name "[fit] in the tempo" of the song. Dylan added the g to the end of Hardin's name by mistake.
The song was recorded in two takes on November 6, 1967 in Studio A of Columbia Music Row Studios in Nashville, Tennessee. Both of these were considered for the album, but the second take was ultimately chosen.
Dylan has said that he did not have a clear notion of what the song was about. He told Cameron Crowe in 1985 that after recording the John Wesley Harding album, he "didn't know what to make of it. ... So I figured the best thing to do would be to put out the album as quickly as possible, call it John Wesley Harding because that was the one song that I had no idea what it was about, why it was even on the album. So I figured I'd call the album that, call attention to it, make it something special..." It was the only title that he considered for the album. He told a Newsweek interviewer in 1969 that the songs on his country Nashville Skyline album: "These are the type of songs that I always felt like writing. The songs reflect more of the inner me than the songs of the past. They're more to my base than, say, 'John Wesley Harding'. There I felt like everyone expected me to be a poet so that's what I tried to be."
"John Wesley Harding" has been covered by McKendree Spring on their 1969 eponymous album, as well as Tom Russell, Wesley Willis, Michel Montecrossa, and the Dutch band Second Floor.
- Wenner, Jann. "Interview with Jann S. Wenner," Rolling Stone, November 29, 1969, in Cott 2006, p. 158
- Heylin 2009, p. 447
- Shelton 1986, p. 448
- John Hardy Found Guilty
- Sounes 2001, p. 227
- Crowe 1985
- Heylin 1995, p. 69
- Reprinted in Shelton 1986, p. 458
- McKendree Spring
- Black Light Diner
- Michel & Bob Dylan Fest 2006
- Second Floor: Plays Dylan
- "Black Light Diner". Allmusic. Retrieved 2011-03-11.
- Cott, Jonathan (ed.) (2006). Dylan on Dylan: The Essential Interviews. Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-92312-1.
- Crowe, Cameron (1985). Biograph (CD booklet). Bob Dylan. New York: Columbia Records.
- Heylin, Clinton (1995). Bob Dylan: The Recording Sessions, 1960–1994. St. Martin's Griffin. ISBN 0-312-15067-9.
- Heylin, Clinton (2009). Revolution In The Air: The Songs of Bob Dylan, Volume One: 1957–73 (2010 paperback ed.). Constable. ISBN 1-84901-296-2.
- "John Hardy Found Guilty of Murder in the First Degree". Wheeling Daily Register. West Virginia Archives and History. 1893-10-13. Retrieved 2011-03-09.
- Maginnis, Tom. "John Wesley Harding: Song Review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2011-03-09.
- "McKendree Spring". Allmusic. Retrieved 2011-03-11.
- "Michel & Bob Dylan Fest 2006". Allmusic. Retrieved 2011-03-11.
- Ruhlmann, William. "Tom Russell: Review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2011-03-11.
- "Second Floor: Plays Dylan". TheBandhiof.no. Retrieved 2011-03-11.
- Shelton, Robert (1986). No Direction Home: The Life and Music of Bob Dylan. Ballantine. ISBN 0-345-34721-8.
- Sounes, Howard (2001). Down the Highway: The Life of Bob Dylan. Grove Press. ISBN 0-8021-1686-8.