Open Access Articles- Top Results for Kalimantan


This article is about the Indonesian part of Borneo. For the novel, see Kalimantaan.
File:Kalimantan Locator.svg
Kalimantan locator
Map of Kalimantan (light colour) and its component provinces.

In English, the term Kalimantan refers to the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo,[1] while in Indonesian, the term "Kalimantan" refers to the whole island of Borneo.[1]


The name Kalimantan which is often spelled Klemantan was derived from Sanskrit word: Kalamanthana which means "burning weather island", or island with a very hot temperature to describe its hot and humid tropical climate. It consists of the two words kal[a] (time, season, period) and manthan[a] (boiling, churning, burning). The word Kalamanthana is spelled Kalmantan, and then the indigenous people fixed it into Klemantan.[2]


The Indonesian territory makes up 73% of the island by area, and 69.5% (13,772,543 at the 2010 Census of Indonesia) by population. The non-Indonesian parts of Borneo are of Brunei (400,000) and East Malaysia (5,625,000), the latter comprising the states of Sabah, Sarawak and the federal territory of Labuan. The region within Indonesia is also known as Indonesian Borneo.

Kalimantan's total area is Script error: No such module "convert"..[3]


Kalimantan is divided into five provinces:

Provinces in Kalimantan
Province Area (km2) Total population (2005 estimate) Total population (2010 census) Total population (2014 estimate) Provincial capital
West Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Barat)
147,307.00 4,042,817 4,393,239 4,546,439 Pontianak
Central Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Tengah)
153,564.50 1,913,026 2,202,599 2,368,654 Palangkaraya
South Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Selatan)
38,744.23 3,271,413 3,626,119 3,913,908 Banjarmasin
East Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Timur)
133,357.62 2,840,874 3,550,586 4,115,741 Samarinda
North Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Utara)
71,176.72 473,424 524,526 included in
total for Kalimantan Timur
Tanjung Selor
Total 544,150.07 12,541,554 14,297,069 14,944,742
Historical population
1971 5,154,774—    
1980 6,723,086+30.4%
1990 9,099,874+35.4%
1995 10,470,843+15.1%
2000 11,331,558+8.2%
2005 12,541,554+10.7%
2010 14,297,069+14.0%
2014 14,944,742+4.5%

See also

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  1. ^ a b "Kalimantan". Britannica. Retrieved 2008-02-26. 
  2. ^ "Central Kalimantan Province". archipelago fastfact. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Indonesia General Info". Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  4. ^