|This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (May 2010)|
|Founded||14 February 1804|
|Final ruler||Peter II|
|Current head||Alexander Karađorđević|
|Deposition||29 November 1945|
The House of Karađorđević (Serbian pronunciation: [karad͡ʑǒːrd͡ʑeʋit͡ɕ]) is a Serbian and European dynastic family, founded by Karađorđe Petrović, the Veliki Vožd ("Grand Leader") of Serbia in the early 1800s during the First Serbian Uprising. The dynasty name Karađorđević is derived from the name of the founder, Đorđe "Karađorđe" Petrović (Karadjorde = "Black George" and Petrovic = "Peter's Son"), and is typically spelled "Karadjordjevic" while pronunciation is roughly anglicized as "Karageorgevitch", and was in previous times rendered also as Kara-Georgevitch.
The relatively short-lived dynasty had an ongoing blood feud with the Obrenović dynasty after Karađorđe's assassination in 1817, which was apparently authorized by Miloš Obrenović. The two Houses subsequently traded the throne for several generations.
In 1903, the Serbian Parliament chose Karađorđe's grandson, Peter Karađorđević, then living in exile, for the throne of the Kingdom of Serbia. He was duly crowned as King Peter I, and shortly before the end of World War I, representatives of the three peoples proclaimed a Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes with Peter I as sovereign. In 1929, the Kingdom was renamed Yugoslavia, under Alexander I, the son of Peter I. In November 1945, the throne was lost when the League of Communists of Yugoslavia seized power, during the reign of Peter II.
According to some researchers[which?], Karađorđe's paternal ancestors most likely migrated from the Herzegovina-Montenegro hills to Šumadija during the Second Great Serb Migration in 1737–1739 under the leadership of Patriarch Šakabenta, as a result of the Austrian-Turkish War (in which Serbs took part).
Some conjecture has arisen about where the family ended up after arriving in Šumadija. According to Radoš Ljušić, Karađorđe's ancestors most likely hailed from Vasojevići, but he has said there is no certain historical information on Karađorđe's ancestors or where they came from, folklore being the only real source. Most likely, Karađorđe's ancestors hailed from Vasojevići. The Vasojevići clan claim descent from Stephen Constantine of the Nemanjić dynasty (which ruled Medieval Serbia, 1166–1371). The Vasojevići were proud of Karađorđe, and saw him as their kinsman. Montenegrin politician and Vasojević Gavro Vuković, supported this theory. Accordingly, Alexander Karađorđević (1806-1885) was given[by whom?] the title "Voivode of Vasojevići".
Additional origin theories point to France, Herzegovina, Kuči and Klimenti. Grigorije Božović (1880–1945) claimed that the family were Srbljaci (natives) in Vasojevići territory; Montenegrin historian Miomir Dašić claimed that Karađorđe's family originated from the Gurešići from Podgorica in Montenegro. Folklorist Dragutin Vuković believed that Tripko Knežević "Guriš" [explanation needed] was Karađorđe's great-grandfather; In the surroundings of Podgorica, there is a local claim that Karađorđe's ancestors initially came from Vranj. A 2006 book by journalist Milorad Bošnjak and machine engineer Slobodan Jakovljević (a direct descendant of Jakov Obrenović, half-brother of Miloš Obrenović) claimed that Karađorđe's ancestor was an Albanian Catholic from Kelmend called Đin Maraš Klimenta;[unreliable source?] while Dimitrije Tucović had earlier claimed that he was of Albanian descent.[full citation needed]
The ruling members of the family were:
- Karađorđe Petrović, Leader of the First Serbian Uprising (1804–1813)
- Alexander Karađorđević, Prince of Serbia (1842–1858)
- Peter I, King of Serbia (1903–1918), King of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (1918–1921)
- Alexander I, Prince Regent (1918–1921), King of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes/Yugoslavia (1921–1934)
- Peter II, King of Yugoslavia (1934–1945), King-in-exile from 1945 until his death in 1970.
- Prince Paul, Prince Regent (1934–1941)
Current claims to the throne
The Karađorđevićs are active in Serbian society in various ways. Politically, they support the view that constitutional parliamentary monarchy would be the ultimate solution for stability, unity and continuity. In addition, they support Serbia as a democratic country with a future in the European Union.
The last crown prince of Yugoslavia, Alexander, has been living in Belgrade in the Dedinje Royal Palace since 2001. As the only son of the last king, Peter II, who never abdicated, and the last official heir of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia he claims to be the rightful heir to the Serbian throne in the event of restoration. Prior to the fall of Slobodan Milosevic, he personally united the parliamentary opposition in several major congresses. In the palace, he regularly receives religious leaders and strives, as opportunity permits, to demonstrate his commitment to human rights and to democracy.
The Karađorđevićs are much engaged in humanitarian work. Crown Princess Katherine has a humanitarian foundation while Crown Prince Alexander heads the Foundation for Culture and Education, whose activities include student scholarships, summer camps for children, etc. The Karađorđevics are also prominent in national sports activities.
Serbia and Yugoslavia
The Karadjordjević family initially was a Serbian Royal House, then the Royal House of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and then the Royal House of Yugoslavia. When they last reigned they were called the Royal House of Yugoslavia.
Crown Prince Alexander II was born in London but on property temporarily recognised by the United Kingdom's government as subject to the sovereignty of the Yugoslav crown, on which occasion it was publicly declared that the Crown Prince had been born on the native soil of the land he was expected to eventually rule.
In 2006 Yugoslavia disintegrated geo-politically in such a way that Serbia re-emerged as the national state, on which devolved rights and obligations of the former state of Yugoslavia. Crown Prince Alexander, previously "of Yugoslavia", now also claims the throne of Serbia as the senior patrilineal great-grandson of the last King of Serbia prior to its inclusion in Yugoslavia. However, his use of the title of the Crown Prince of Serbia has been questioned because he was born Crown Prince of Yugoslavia and held that title until the monarchy was abolished, while the current nation of Serbia is a republic. Nonetheless, as is customary among former dynasties, Alexander is accorded the title he claims by his kinsmen, the reigning monarchs of Europe, and their courts.
- Royal Coat of arms of Serbia (1882–1918).svg
Coat of arms of Serbia
- Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.svg
Coat of arms of Yugoslavia
Royal Standards of Yugoslavia
- Royal Standard of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (variant), 1920s to 1937.svg
Royal Standard of the King (1922–1937)
- Royal Standard of the King of Yugoslavia (1937–1941).svg
Royal Standard of the King (1937–1941)
- Royal Standard of the Queen of Yugoslavia (1937–1941).svg
Royal Standard of the Queen (1937–1941)
- Royal Standard of the Prince Regent of Yugoslavia (1937–1941).svg
Royal Standard of the Prince Regent (1937–1941)
- Royal Standard of the Crown Prince of Yugoslavia (1937–1941).svg
Royal Standard of the Crown Prince (1937–1941)
- Royal Standard of a Member of the Royal House of Yugoslavia (1937–1941).svg
Royal Standard of a Member of the Royal House (1937–1941)
b. 1768 – d. 1817
b. 1801 – d. 1830
b. 1806 – d. 1885
b. 1827 – d. 1884
b. 1844 – d. 1921
b. 1859 – d. 1938
b. 1859 – d. 1920
b. 1862 – d. 1908
b. 1887 – d. 1972
b. 1888 – d. 1934
b. 1893 – d. 1976
(as Prince Regent)
b. 1923 – d. 1970
b. 1928 – d. 2000
b. 1929 – d. 1990
b. 1928 – d. 1954
|Karl Vladimir |
- Bogdan Popović, Jovan Skerlić (1932). Srpski književni glasnik, Volumes 35-36. p. 282.
- R-J. V. Vesović, 1935, "Pleme Vasojevići", Državna Štampa u Sarajevu, Sarajevo
- Felix Phillip Kanitz 1987, p. 334: "Као што је доказао Ђукић10, велики српски борац за слободу угледао је свој први дан живота 1752. у Вишевцу, окруженом густом храстовом шумом, где се његов отац доселио из Васојевића у Црној Гори."
- Pregled, Volume 9 (in Serbian). Nova tiskara Vrček i dr. 1933.
Васојевићи нарочито радо причају о војводама Србије који су имали везе са њиховим племеном или из њега старином потичу. Говоре често о Карађорђу, зову га Карађоко и сматрају га као свој изданак.
- Vuković 1985
- Vukićević 1907, p. 5: "околини Подгорице и у селу Врању. А да је Карађорђе старинбм из села Врања, чуо је у Црној Гори још 1875 године г."
- "Karađorđevići - sakrivena istorija": Teorija o albanskom poreklu porodice
- Ivo Banac, The National Question in Yugoslavia: Origins, History, Politics, p. 297
- Gavro Vuković (1985). Slobodan Tomović, ed. Memoari, Volume 2. Obod.
- Felix Phillip Kanitz (1987). Srbija: zemlja i stanovništvo od rimskog doba do kraja XIX veka, Volume 1 (3 ed.). Srpska književna zadruga.
- Milenko M. Vukićević (1907). Karađorđe: 1752-1804. Štampano u Državnoj štampariji Kraljevine Srbije.
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to House of Karađorđević.|
- Official site of the Serbian Royal Family
- Crown Prince Alexander's Foundation for Culture and Education[dead link]
- Princess Katherine's Humanitarian Foundation