Open Access Articles- Top Results for Kasauli


Lower Pine Mall, Kasauli
Lower Pine Mall, Kasauli
Location in Himachal Pradesh, India

Coordinates: 30°54′N 76°58′E / 30.9°N 76.96°E / 30.9; 76.96Coordinates: 30°54′N 76°58′E / 30.9°N 76.96°E / 30.9; 76.96{{#coordinates:30.9|N|76.96|E|type:city_region:|||| |primary |name=

Country Template:Country data India
State Himachal Pradesh
District Solan
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Kasauli is a cantonment and town, located in Solan district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The cantonment was established by the British Raj in 1842 as a Colonial hill station,[1] 77 km from Shimla, 65 km from Chandigarh, and 94 km from Ambala Cantt (Haryana), an important Railway Junction of North India and lies at a height of Script error: No such module "convert"..[2] The town is a health resort, having an elevation of 1,900 metres above sea level.[3]


According to the 2001 India census, Kasauli had a population of 4994. Males constituted 56% of the population, and females 44%. Kasauli had an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the then national average of 75.5%; male literacy was 84%, and female 76%. 10% of the population was under 6 years of age.


Kasauli has a moderate climate. Winter temperature is approximately 2 degrees Celsius, with Summer temperatures rarely exceeding 32 degrees Celsius or more. The general wind direction is south-west to north-east. Total rainfall for the year is 1020 millimetres, with humidity at 90% in September and 28% in April.

Landmarks of Kasauli

Baptist Church

Kasauli Baptist Church is a 1923 brick and wood building situated close to the Sadar Bazzar. According to The Indian Express it is "considered a unique example of colonial architecture of the British era". In 2008 the church was damaged by a fire which destroyed all internal furnishings.[4][5][6] The meaning of baptist is that it is a member of a Christian denomination that the baptizes believers by immersion and that is usually Calvinistic in doctrine

Central Research Institute

File:Central Research Institute, Kasauli.JPG
Central Research Institute, Kasauli.

The Central Research Institute (CRI), originally the Pasteur Institute of India, was established at Kasauli in 1904 under its first director Sir David Semple, as an institute working in the fields of immunology and virological research.[7] The CRI works as a World Health Organization ‘Collaborating Centre’, and as an immuno-biological laboratory producing vaccines for measles and polio, and the DTP group of vaccines. It also provides a Master of Science programme in Microbiology.

Christ Church, Kasauli

Christ Church

Christ Church was previously an Anglican church, inaugurated on 24 July 1853.[4] Since 1970 it has been under the auspices of the Church of North India (CNI) in the diocese of Amritsar.[8] The church contains Spanish and Italian imported stained glass windows depicting Christ, Mary, Saint Barnabas and Saint Francis.[1]

The Parsonage was built in 1850 for priests of the Anglican church.

File:Gulbert trail Kasauli.jpg
This is a forest view from Gilbert trail which is home to many wildlife species including Sambar deer.

Gurudwara Shri Guru Nanak Ji

The Gurudwara (Sikh house of worship and hospitality) Shri Guru Nanak Ji is located in the Gharkhal bazaar near Kasauli.[9] A further Sikh Gurudwara lies on the Kasauli-Mashobra (old Hindustan-Tibet) Road near the Air Force Radar Station.[citation needed]

Kasauli Brewery

The Kasauli Brewery and distillery, founded in the 1820s before the establishment of the Kasauli cantonment, is the oldest extant distillery for 'scotch whisky' in Asia.[citation needed] The Kasauli brewery is also known as Mohan Meakins.[citation needed]

Kasauli Club

The Kasauli Club was established by civilians and service personnel in 1880, as the Kasauli Reading and Assembly Rooms. It gained its present name in 1898 when a limited liability company and constitution were established; its first director was Sir David Semple of Kasauli's Pasteur Institute. At the time the Club was for the exclusive use of the British Raj, and held social meetings, tea and dinner dances, and galas. In 1915 regimental officers at Dagshai, Solan and Subathu could be admitted as honorary members. At Independence in 1947, plans to sell the then loss-making Club failed.[10]

The Club was originally constructed of wood and plaster, and was typical of hill architecture. In 2001, after a 2000 restoration, it was destroyed by fire, losing "elegant, old-world furniture, [and] precious and rare books". By 2005 it had been redesigned and rebuilt in stone, and plans were put forward for a new attached gymnasium.[10]

It is currently located within Indian Army premises and managed by a regular Indian Army Officer as Club Secretary, aided by civilian staff.[citation needed]

In April 2012 the Kasauli Club hosted a two-day Rhythm and Blues Festival as a benefit concert for "seriously ill children".[11][12]

Nahri Temple

The Nahri Temple, devoted to the Goddess Durga and heavenly Lord Shiva, is thought to have been constructed around a hundred and fifty years ago. Also known as 'Jantar Mantar' and 'Choo Mantar Mahadev Temple', the temple is renowned for its festive celebration of Dushera and Shivratri. The temple boasts of striking idols of goddess Durga and Lord Shiva placed in the chamber of temple. Near this temple, there is century-old bauri which still offers sweet potable water. This temple is known to be visited by hundreds of pilgrims each year to present their prayers to the almighty.

Monkey Point

Monkey point is situated in 'The Air Force Station' near the Lower Mall region about 4 kilometer from the center of town. According to myth at the Ramayana while Lord Hanuman was returning from the Himalayas after acquiring "Sanjivany Booty",touched the hill by one of His foot. Therefore top of the hill is in foot shape. On starry and clear night the stunning view of Chandigarh is seen from Monky Point. There's Air Force School inside the station premises and is run and managed by the station workers. Cameras And Cell phones are not permitted inside the station and need to be given at the station gate.

Beja State

Beja State is one of the 18 Simla Hill States, situated just below Kasauli to the west and is bordered by Mahlog, Patiala, Kuthar and the Bharauli tract of Simla District around Sabathu. Beja included 45 villages, over an area of 13 km2 or 5 mi2 with 1,131 subjects.


Educational institutions in or near Kasauli are the Lawrence School Sanawar, The Pinegrove School, St. Mary's Convent School, all co-educational, and the school at Kasauli's K.V. Air Force Station. These schools are affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education also GSSS Kot Beja a government senior secondary school at kot beja near Kasauli .[citation needed]

Nearby Villages

Gharkhal, Kasauli Gaon, Nahari, Madhayana, Kot Beja are some village situated near the kasauli.

Notable people


  1. ^ a b Sharma, Ambika; "Architecture of Kasauli churches"; The Tribune, Online edition, 2 March 2001. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  2. ^ Kasauli, India Page, Retrieved 8 July 2011
  3. ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 179. 
  4. ^ a b "Churches in Himachal Pradesh"; Retrieved 27 June 2012
  5. ^ Kashyap, Arvind; "Kasauli church pastor suspects arson"; The Indian Express, 14 Nov 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  6. ^ "Fire breaks out in Kasauli Church, Pastor seeks probe";, 12 November 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  7. ^ "Pasteur Institute of India, Kasauli" Nature 6 July 1940. Retrieved 9 May 2011
  8. ^ Kasauli Churches Retrieved 9 May 2011
  9. ^ Kasauli Gurudwara Retrieved 9 May 2011
  10. ^ a b Sharma, Ambika; "An exclusive retreat in the hills"; The Tribune, Online edition, 29 May 2005. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  11. ^ "Rhythm and Blues festival ends with resolve to work for a cause", The Times of India, 9 April 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012
  12. ^ Kapoor, Jaskiran; "Music in the Mountains"; The Indian Express, 30 March 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  13. ^ "Known graves of holders of The Victoria Cross - Frank Gerald Blaker", Retrieved 6 February 2014
  14. ^ Walia, Rajan; "Museum planned in complex where Godse was jailed", The Times of India, 17 April 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012
  15. ^ "Lord Radice on mission total recall", The Times of India, 29 April 2004. Retrieved 7 July 2012

External links