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Kavli Prize

The Kavli Prize
The 2014 Astrophysics laureates shortly after being presented with their awards
Awarded for Awarded for outstanding contributions in Astrophysics, Nanoscience and Neuroscience.
Country Norway
Presented by Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters
The Kavli Foundation
Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research
First awarded 2008
Winners
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Official website http://www.kavliprize.no

The Kavli Prize was established in 2005 through a joint venture between the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research, and The Kavli Foundation. The main objective for the Prize is to honor, support and recognize scientists for outstanding scientific work in the fields of astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience and award three international prizes every second year. The Kavli Prize was awarded the first time in Oslo, 9 September 2008. The Prizes were presented by His Royal Highness Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway. Each of the three Kavli Prizes consists of a gold medal, a scroll, and a cash award of US $1,000,000.

The Scientific Fields

The Kavli Prize in Astrophysics is awarded for outstanding achievement in advancing our knowledge and understanding of the origin, evolution, and properties of the universe, including the fields of cosmology, astrophysics, astronomy, planetary science, solar physics, space science, astrobiology, astronomical and astrophysical instrumentation, and particle astrophysics.

The Kavli Prize in Nanoscience is awarded for outstanding achievement in the science and application of the unique physical, chemical, and biological properties of atomic, molecular, macromolecular, and cellular structures and systems that are manifest in the nanometre scale, including molecular self-assembly, nanomaterials, nanoscale instrumentation, nanobiotechnology, macromolecular synthesis, molecular mechanics, and related topics.

The Kavli Prize in Neuroscience is awarded for outstanding achievement in advancing our knowledge and understanding of the brain and nervous system, including molecular neuroscience, cellular neuroscience, systems neuroscience, neurogenetics, developmental neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, neuropsychology, computational neuroscience, and related facets of the brain and nervous system.

Selection of the Kavli Laureates

The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters appoints the three Prize Committees consisting of leading international scientists after receiving recommendations made by the following international academies and equivalent scientific organisations:

These distinguished panels of international scientist’s reviews and recommend the prize winners on basis of a nomination process. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters administer the selection process and announce the prize winners.

The Kavli Prize Laureates

Astrophysics

Year Laureate Institution Country Citation
2008 Maarten Schmidt California Institute of Technology 23x15px “for their seminal contributions to understanding the nature of quasars
Donald Lynden-Bell Cambridge University 23x15px
2010 Jerry E. Nelson Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz 23x15px “for their contributions to the development of giant telescopes
Raymond N. Wilson European Southern Observatory, Garching 23x15px
James Roger Angel Steward Observatory, University of Arizona 23x15px
2012 75px David C. Jewitt University of California Los Angeles 23x15px 23x15px “for discovering and characterizing the Kuiper Belt and its largest members, work that led to a major advance in the understanding of the history of our planetary system.”
75px Jane X. Luu Lincoln Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology 23x15px 23x15px
75px Michael E. Brown California Institute of Technology 23x15px
2014 95x95px Alan H. Guth Massachusetts Institute of Technology 23x15px “for pioneering the theory of cosmic inflation”
105x105px Andrei D. Linde Stanford University 23x15px 23x15px
Alexei A. Starobinsky Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics 23x15px

Nanoscience

Year Laureate Institution Country Citation
2008 Louis Brus Columbia University 23x15px “for their large impact in the development of the nanoscience field of the zero and one dimensional nanostructures in physics, chemistry and biology”
75px Sumio Iijima Meijo University Template:Country data Japan
2010 75px Donald Eigler IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose 23x15px “for their development of unprecedented methods to control matter on the nanoscale
75px Nadrian C. Seeman New York University 23x15px
2012 Mildred S. Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology 23x15px “for her pioneering contributions to the study of phonons, electron-phonon interactions, and thermal transport in nanostructures.”
2014 75px Thomas W. Ebbesen University of Strasbourg 23x15px 23x15px “for transformative contributions to the field of nano-optics that have broken long-held beliefs about the limitations of the resolution limits of optical microscopy and imaging”
105x105px Stefan W. Hell Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry 23x15px
75px John B. Pendry Imperial College London 23x15px

Neuroscience

Year Laureate Institution Country Citation
2008 Sten Grillner Karolinska Institute 23x15px “for discoveries on the developmental and functional logic of neuronal circuits
Thomas Jessell Columbia University 23x15px 23x15px
Pasko Rakic Yale University School of Medicine 23x15px 23x15px
2010 Richard H. Scheller Genentech, South San Francisco, California 23x15px “for discovering the molecular basis of neurotransmitter release
Thomas C. Südhof Stanford University School of Medicine 23x15px
James E. Rothman Yale University 23x15px
2012 Cornelia Isabella Bargmann Rockefeller University 23x15px “for elucidating basic neuronal mechanisms underlying perception and decision.”
Winfried Denk Max Planck Institute for Medical Research 23x15px
75px Ann M. Graybiel Massachusetts Institute of Technology 23x15px
2014 75x75px Brenda Milner Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University 23x15px “for the discovery of specialized brain networks for memory and cognition”
75px John O’Keefe University College London 23x15px
87x87px Marcus E. Raichle Washington University, St.Louis 23x15px

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