The Kennedy family is an American family of Irish descent who are prominent in American politics, government, and business. The first Kennedys to reside in America were Patrick Kennedy and Bridget Murphy, who sailed from Ireland to America in 1849. Their son, P.J., went into politics and business. P.J. and his wife, Mary Hickey, were the parents of businessman/politician Joe, Sr. The four sons of Joe, Sr. and philanthropist/socialite Rose Fitzgerald were: Joe, Jr., John, Robert, and Ted. John served as president, while Robert and Ted both became prominent senators. The Kennedys' political involvement has revolved around the Democratic Party. Harvard University educations have been common among them, and they have contributed heavily to that university's John F. Kennedy School of Government. The wealth and glamour of the family members, as well as their extensive and continuing involvement in public service, has elevated them to iconic status over the past half-century, with the Kennedys sometimes referred to as "America's Royal Family".
Joe, Sr. originally pinned his hopes on eldest son, Joe, Jr., to enter politics and be elected president. After Joe, Jr. was killed during World War II, however, those hopes later fell on his second son, John, to become president. Soon after John was elected in 1960, he, Robert, and Ted all held prominent positions in the federal government. They received intense publicity, often emphasizing their relative youth, allure, education, and future in politics. Between 1947 and 2011, there were 64 years with a Kennedy in elective office in Washington. This spans more than a quarter of the nation's existence.
The family has been at the center of many tragedies, contributing to the idea of the "Kennedy curse". Rosemary was forced to undergo a lobotomy which crippled her entire life; John and Robert were both assassinated during the 1960s; Ted was involved in the Chappaquiddick incident in 1969, which caused the death of his young colleague, Mary Jo Kopechne; and Joe, Jr., Kathleen, and John Jr. all died in plane crashes.
| Kennedy family tree[i]
(maiden name unknown)
(c.1823, Ireland–1858, U.S.)[iv]
|Joanna L. Kennedy|
|Margaret M. Kennedy|
|Patrick Joseph 'P.J.' Kennedy|
|Mary Augusta Hickey|
|John F. 'Honey Fitz' Fitzgerald|
|Mary Josephine 'Josie' Hannon|
|IV.||Joseph P. 'Joe' Kennedy, Sr.|
|Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald|
|V.||Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Jr.|
|Robert Francis 'Bobby'|
|Edward Moore 'Ted'|
|William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington|
|Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr.|
|Peter Sydney Ernest Lawford|
|Virginia Joan Bennett|
|Victoria Anne Reggie|
|John Fitzgerald Kennedy, Jr.|
|Robert Sargent Shriver III|
|Maria Owings Shriver|
|Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger|
|Timothy Perry Shriver|
|Mark Kennedy Shriver|
|Anthony Paul Kennedy|
|Christopher Kennedy Lawford|
|Sydney Maleia Kennedy Lawford|
|Victoria Francis Lawford|
|Kathleen Hartington Kennedy|
|Joseph Patrick Kennedy II|
|Robert Francis Kennedy, Jr.|
|David Anthony Kennedy|
|Mary Courtney Kennedy|
|Matthew Maxwell Taylor 'Max' Kennedy|
|Rory Elizabeth Katherine|
|<span id="JPK2R_child"/>||<span id="MSS_child"/>||JPK2-R||<span id="CKS_child"/>|
- ^ Lundy, Darryl (10 May 2003). "Patrick Kennedy". The Peerage. p. 6527 § 65269. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
Patrick Kennedy M, b. circa 1823, d. 22 November 1858
- ^ The numbering of generations (in Roman numerals I–VII) is arbitrary
- ^ Marriage Maier 2003, p.
- ^ Parents: Maier, Thomas (2003). The Kennedys: America's Emerald Kings. Basic Books. p. . ISBN 978-0-465-04317-0.
- ^ Marriage: Collier, P.; Horowitz, D. (1984). The Kennedys - An American Drama.
- ^ Marriage: "Mary Augusta Hickey". Find A Grave. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- ^ Marriage: Goodwin, Doris Kearns (2001). The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys: An American Saga. Simon and Schuster. pp. 88–89.
- ^ Parents: Goodwin 2001, pp. 88–89
- ^ In generation VII, only notable family members are listed
Coat of Arms
Arms of Kennedy family
- The Grant of Arms granting this Arms to all descendants of Patrick Kennedy was presented to John Fitzgerald Kennedy Sr. from the Chief Herald of Ireland on 17 March 1961, St. Patrick's Day.
- 17 March 1961
- Between two olive branches a cubit sinister arm in armour erect, the hand holding a sheaf of four arrows, points upwards, all proper
- Sable three helmets in profile Or within a bordure per saltaire Gules and Ermine
- The 3 helmets on black alludes to the Arms of the O'Kennedys of Ormonde, and the red and Ermine allude the Arms of the FitzGeralds of Desmond. The olive branches and arrows symbolise America, because the olive branches and the arrows that appear in the Arms also appear in the talons of the American Eagle in the Great Seal of the United States of America.
May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963
February 22, 1932 – August 25, 2009