Khanda (Sikh symbol)
The Khanda (Punjabi: ਖੰਡਾ, khaṇḍā) depicts the Sikh doctrine Deg Tegh Fateh in emblematic form. It is the military emblem of the Sikhs. It is also part of the design of the Nishan Sahib. A double edged khanda (sword) is placed at the top of a Nishan Sahib flag as an ornament or finial. The Khanda emblem is an amalgam of three symbols, represented by three different items.
- A double-edged khanda (sword) in the centre
- A chakkar (chakram)
- Two single-edged swords, or kirpan, crossed at the bottom and sit on either side of the khanda and chakkar. They represent the dual characteristics of Miri-Piri, indicating the integration of both spiritual and temporal sovereignty together and not treating them as two separate and distinct entities.
The Khanda is often confused with the emblem shown on Iran's flag which the Khanda predates. In recent years, the Khanda has been used to show solidarity within the Sikh community after high profile shootings in the United States.