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Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology

File:NSC KIPT 04.jpg
National Science Center, Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology

The National Scientific Center Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology (formerly the Ukrainian Institute of Physics and Technology) is the oldest and largest physical science research centre in Ukraine.[1]

The National Scientific Center Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology was founded by Abram Ioffe in Kharkiv in Ukraine in 1928.

The Lev Shubnikov Low Temperature Laboratory at the National Scientific Center Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology was founded in Kharkiv, Ukraine in 1931. Lev Shubnikov was a head of the cryogenic laboratory at the National Scientific Center Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology in 1931 - 1937. In 1935, Rjabinin, Schubnikow experimentally discovered the Type-II superconductors at the cryogenic laboratory at the National Scientific Center Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology in Kharkiv, Ukraine. [2] [3]

During the Stalin epoch, this was where the UPTI Affair occurred in 1938: three leading physicists of the Kharkiv Institute (Lev Landau, Yuri Rumer and Moisey Korets) were arrested by the Soviet secret police.

The National Scientific Center Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology was the "Laboratory no. 1" in the nuclear physics, where the nuclear bomb was invented in the former USSR for the first time.

Famous alumni

External links

References

  1. ^ National Science Center, Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology accessed 29 May 2010
  2. ^ J. N. Rjabinin, L.W. Schubnikow, Magnetic properties and critical currents of superconducting alloys, Physikalische Zeitschrift der Sowjetunion, vol .7, no.1, pp. 122-125, 1935.
  3. ^ J. N. Rjabinin, L.W. Schubnikow, Magnetic properties and critical currents of supra-conducting alloys, Nature, 135, no. 3415, pp. 581-582, 1935.

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