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Khirbat Zalafa

This article is about the depopulated Palestinian village. For the Palestinian village that forms part of the Israeli local council of Ma'ale Iron, see Ma'ale Iron.
Khirbat Zalafa
Arabic خربة زلفة
Name meaning "The cistern"[1]
Also spelled Khirbet Zalafa, Zalafa
Subdistrict Tulkarm
Coordinates

32°24′9.10″N 34°56′43.96″E / 32.4025278°N 34.9455444°E / 32.4025278; 34.9455444Coordinates: 32°24′9.10″N 34°56′43.96″E / 32.4025278°N 34.9455444°E / 32.4025278; 34.9455444{{#coordinates:32|24|9.10|N|34|56|43.96|E|type:city_region:IL |primary |name=

}}
Palestine grid 144/201
Population 210 (1945)
Area 7,713 (6,865 Arab, 617 Jewish, 231 Public) dunams
7.7 km²
Date of depopulation April 15, 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Fear of being caught up in the fighting
Current localities Givat Oz[3]

Khirbat Zalafa (Arabic: خربة زلفة‎) was a small Palestinian Arab village in the Tulkarm Subdistrict, located about Script error: No such module "convert". northwest of Tulkarm. It was depopulated during the 1948 Palestine war. It was captured by Yishuv forces on April 15, 1948 as a part of operation "Coastal Clearing."[4]

History

Originally, the people of Khirbat Zalafa came from Attil to farm the village land. Gradually they settled in the village so they could be closer to their land. In the late 19th century, Khirbat Zalafa was described as a small hamlet with springs to the south.[5]

At the time of the 1931 census of Palestine, the village was counted under Attil, together with Jalama and Al-Manshiyya.[6]

The village had a small core of houses, with many dwellings scattered throughout on the agricultural lands. The agriculture was based on watermelons, vegetables, grain and olives. In 1944/45 6,798 dunums were allotted to cereals, while 38 dunum was devoted to citrus and bananas ad 6 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.[7]

1948 and after

The Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi described the village in 1992: "The village has been completely levelled. Both the original site and the surrounding lands are covered with Israeli citrus orchards."[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 196
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xviii,village #185. Also gives cause(s) of depopulation.
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p.xxii, location #127
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xviii,village #185
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 153. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 568
  6. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 53
  7. ^ Hadawi, 1970, p.126 Also Khalidi, 1992, p. 568
  8. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 568

Bibliography

External links and references