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Korean Peninsula

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Main article: Korea
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This page is a soft redirect.Korean: 조선반도 (Hanja: 朝鮮半島; MR: Chosŏn Pando) in North Korea,Korean: 한반도 (Hanja: 韓半島; RR: Han Bando) in South Korea#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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Korean Peninsula
Peninsulas of Asia
The Korean Peninsula shown in Dark Green
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This page is a soft redirect.North Korea, South Korea

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This page is a soft redirect.China, Russia, Sea of Japan, East China Sea, Yellow Sea, Korea Strait

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Paektu Mountain
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sea level
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This page is a soft redirect.1,100 km (684 mi), north to south

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This page is a soft redirect.220,847 km2 (85,270 sq mi)

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74,461,933 (2012[1])
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This page is a soft redirect.337 / km2 (873 / sq mi)

The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula in East Asia. It extends southwards for about 684 miles (1,100 km) from continental Asia into the Pacific Ocean and is surrounded by the Sea of Japan to the east, and the Yellow Sea to the west, the Korea Strait connecting the first two bodies of water.

History

Until the end of World War II, Korea was a single political entity whose territory roughly coincided with the Korean Peninsula. Since the Armistice Agreement ended the Korean War in 1953, the northern division of the peninsula has been governed by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, while the southern portion has been governed by the Republic of Korea.

The northern boundaries for the Korean Peninsula are commonly (and tacitly) taken to coincide with today's political borders between North Korea and its northern neighbors, China (Script error: No such module "convert". along the provinces of Jilin and Liaoning) and Russia (Script error: No such module "convert".). These borders are formed naturally by the rivers Yalu/Amnok and Tumen/Tuman/Duman. Taking this definition, the Korean Peninsula (including its islands) has an area of Script error: No such module "convert"..

The peninsula's names in Chosonmal, Chinese and Japanese all have the same origin, that being Joseon, the old name of Korea under the Joseon Dynasty and Gojoseon even longer before that. In North Korea's Chosonmal, the peninsula is called Chosŏn Pando (Chosongul: 조선반도 / Hanja: 朝鮮半島), while in China it is called Cháoxiǎn Bàndǎo (朝鲜半岛/朝鮮半島) and in Japan it is Chōsenhantō (Kanji: 朝鮮半島 / Hiragana: ちょうせんはんとう). In South Korea, meanwhile it is called Han Bando (Hangeul: 한반도 / Hanja: 韓半島), referring to the Samhan. They both use "Korea" as part of their official English names, which is a name that comes from the Goryeo (or Koryŏ, in North Korea) dynasty (고려/高麗). The Korean Peninsula is sometimes referred to in older English historical books as the Sino-Russian Peninsula or Silla/Sila.[citation needed]

Summarized comparison of the two countries on the Korean Peninsula

Indicator North Korea South Korea
Capital Pyongyang Seoul
Official languages Korean Korean
Official scripts Chosŏn'gŭl Hangul
Government Hereditary single-party socialist state Constitutional liberal democracy
Formal declaration 9 September 1948 17 July 1948
Area (km²) 120,540 100,210
Population (2014/2013 est.) 24,851,627 50,219,669
GDP total (billion $, 2011/2014 est.) 40 1755
GDP/capita (thousand $, 2011/2014 est.) 1.8 34.777
Currency North Korean won (₩) (KPW) South Korean won (₩) (KRW)
Calling code +850 +82
Internet TLD .kp .kr
Drives on the right right
Active military personnel 1,106,000 639,000
Military expenditure (billion $, 2010/2012) 10 30

See also

References

Further reading

External links

Coordinates: 37°30′N 127°00′E / 37.500°N 127.000°E / 37.500; 127.000{{#coordinates:37|30|N|127|00|E|region:KR_type:landmark_source:kolossus-dewiki|| |primary |name= }}