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Kreis Dorpat

Kreis Dorpat (Tartu kreis, Дерптский уезд, 1893-1918 Юрьевский уезд) was one of the nine subdivisions of the Governorate of Livonia of the Russian Empire. It was situated in the northeastern part of the governorate (in present-day eastern Estonia). Its capital was Tartu (Dorpat). The territory of Kreis Dorpat corresponds to the present-day Tartu County, most of Jõgeva County, parts of Põlva and Valga counties and a small part of Ida-Viru County.[1]


At the time of the Russian Empire Census of 1897, Kreis Dorpat had a population of 190,317. Of these, 86.8% spoke Estonian, 7.2% Russian, 4.4% German, 0.8% Yiddish, 0.4% Latvian and 0.3% Polish as their native language.[2]