Cythera's capital (Chora) with the Castle|
Cythera's capital (Chora) with the Castle
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This page is a soft redirect. Climate data for Kythira Island
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This page is a soft redirect.Source: NOAA
Like many of the smaller Aegean islands, Kythira's population is decreasing. While the island had reached a peak population of about 14,500 in 1864, that has steadily declined mostly due to emigration, both internal (to major urban centres of Greece) and external (to Australia, the United States, Germany) in the first half of the 20th century. Today its population hovers around 3,354 people (2001 census).
Villages of Kythira
The largest villages (2001 Greek census) are Potamós (pop. 396), Agía Pelagía (281), Chóra/Kýthira (267), Áno Livádi (175), Kálamos (157), and Livádi (126).
- Agia Pelagia Kythira, Port
- Agios Ilias
- Ano Livadi
- Chora, (also Kythira) Kytherian Capital
- Diakofti, Port
- Livadi, which is becoming the business center of the island
- Platia Amos
- Potamos, largest village
Since the late 20th century, the Kythirean economy has largely focused and, in the process, has become dependent on tourism, which provides the majority of the island's income, despite the fact that Kythira is not one of the most popular tourist destinations in Greece. The popular season usually begins with the Greek holiday of Pentecost at the end of May, and lasts until the middle of September. During this time, primarily during August, the island's population will often triple due to the tourists and natives returning for vacation. Dependence on tourism has resulted in increased building activity in many of the island's villages, mostly for commercial purposes (hotels and hospitality facilities, shops etc.), but also secondary homes; prominent examples are Agia Pelagia and Livadi, both of which having witnessed significant growth in their size since the early 1990s.
Minor sources of revenue are thyme honey, famous within Greece for its rich flavor, as well as some small-scale cultivation of vegetables and fruit and animal husbandry that is, nevertheless, increasingly restricted to local consumption.
Only five of the island's villages are on the coast (Platia Amos, Agia Pelagia, Diakofti, Avlemonas, & Kapsali). During July and August, several traditional dances will be held in various villages. These dances usually attract the majority of the island's population, the biggest of which are the festival of 'Panagia' in Potamos on 15 August, and the wine festival in Mitata on the first Friday and Saturday of August.
The capital, Chora, is located on the southern part of the island having no ports connected to the southern Peloponnese or Vatika. Kythira's port for Vatika was previously situated at Agia Pelagia, although in recent years this port has been decommissioned and has been replaced by a new port at the coastal town of Diakofti, Kythira.
Most of the over 60 village names end with "-anika" and a few end with -athika, -iana and -ades. This is due to the villages being named after influential families that settled first in that region. For Example, 'Logothetianika' is derived from the Greek last name of 'Logothetis'.
The island in the past has been plagued by a poor infrastructure, exacerbated by the effect of weather on transportation during the winter months. However the construction of the new port in Diakofti along with the renovation of the island's airport have significantly reduced these effects. A new road from the island's most populated town of Potamos in the north to the island's capital of Chora in the south is currently in the planning and development stage.
Despite the fact that the island has been a trade route for centuries, construction of a modern port was postponed several times until the latter half of the 20th century. In 1933, efforts were made to construct a port in the village of Agia Pelagia, yet financial and governmental problems meant that decades later that one was built. That small port of Agia Pelagia (currently being renovated from a ferry dock to a tourist/recreational boat dock) was the island's main port until the mid-1990s. Around that time the new port of Diakofti, the site originally chosen by the island's British rulers in the 19th century, was constructed along with a modern wider road, aiming to support larger cargo and passenger vessels. The port of Diakofti currently serves scheduled routes to/from Gythion, Kalamata, Antikythera, Piraeus, Crete & Neapolis - Vatika. Proposals have been made to attach a Marina to the south side of the port, however no plans or timetables have been produced. Additionally, the harbour of Agia Patrikia (north of Agia Pelagia) is the primary fishing boat harbour, housing two wide boatramps and a boat repair facility.
The island's primary airport is the Kithira Island National Airport, located in the region between the village of Friligiannika and Diakofti, about Script error: No such module "convert". from the capital. The airport was revamped and extended at the turn of the 21st century, largely by private funds provided by the local population. The island is served by Olympic Air flights.
- Philoxenus (435-380 BC), dithyrambic poet
- Marco Venier, Lord of Cerigo (– 1311) was a Lord of Cerigo
- Georgios Souris, Greek poet
- Valerios Stais (1857–1923), archaeologist
- Yianis Vilaras (1771–1823), poet and author
- Juliette de Bairacli Levy (1912–2009), herbalist and author
- George Miller, filmmaker
- Botticelli's The Birth of Venus and other similarly themed paintings show the goddess Venus arriving either at the shore of Kythira or Cyprus, as classical mythology identifies both islands as her birthplace.
- The island's status as the birthplace of the goddess is also referenced in the title and subject of the Antoine Watteau painting Embarkation for Cythera.
- Charles Baudelaire, in the poem A Voyage to Cythera, called the island a "banal Eldorado".
- The Baudelaire poem is quoted and the island is referenced in Anthony Powell's The Kindly Ones (1962), part of A Dance to the Music of Time.
- A stanza from the Baudelaire poem is quoted as an allusion to Haiti by young Philippot in Graham Greene's The Comedians.
- A Voyage to Cythera is the title of a short shory (1967) by Margaret Drabble.
- Taxidi sta Kythira (Voyage to Cythera) is the title of a movie (1984) directed by Theo Angelopoulos.
- The song "In Cythera" was released by alternative rock group Killing Joke on their 2012 album MMXII.
- Kythira - Kapsali.jpg
View on Kapsali
- Kythira - Moni Agia Elesos.jpg
Church of Agios Georgios
- Steno Kythira.jpg
View of the Kytherian Straits
- Kythira - Soutwestern Coast.jpg
Avlemonas at southeastern coast
- Paleopoli Beach.jpg
Monastery of Panagia Myrtidiotissa
- Panagia Mertidiotisa Icon.jpg
Gold Icon of Panagia Myrtidiotissa
- Church of Agia Despoina.jpg
Church of Agia Despoina
- Castle of Kythira by night.jpg
The castle of Kythira by night
- Winery kithyra.JPG
Winery in Martesakia (Pitsinianika) showing neoclassical architecture
- Cave hytra kythera.JPG
Cave in islet Hytra
Kythira's main port, Diakofti
- Cythera shipwreck.jpg
Hytra view from the castle
- "Detailed census results 2011" (in Greek).
- The Italian Cerigo can be used in speaking of late medieval and early modern Kythira.
- Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior Invalid language code.
- Brill's New Pauly, article on "Cythera" (for entire section), citing Paus. 1,27,5; Thuc. 4,53,1ff.; 57,4; 5,14,3; 18,7; 7,26,2; 57,6; Xen. Hell. 4,8,7; Isoc. Or. 4,119, and Cassius Dio 54,7,2).
- Fernand Braudel, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean world in the age of Philip II, trans. Reynolds. In the 1995 ed. Vol II, p.877.
- C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Aegean Sea. Eds. P.Saundry & C.J.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC
- Kottek, M.; J. Grieser; C. Beck; B. Rudolf; F. Rubel (2006). "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated" (PDF). Meteorol. Z. 15 (3): 259–263. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
- "Kythira Island Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kythira.|
- Visit Kythera - Tourist & Culture Guide of Kythera Island Invalid language code.Invalid language code.Invalid language code.Invalid language code.Invalid language code.Invalid language code.Invalid language code.
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- The Kythera Island Project—an archaeological, ecological, and historic research project of the island and its peoples.
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- Kythera-Family.net—A cultural archive for the island of Kythira, with over 15,000 heritage entries from people of Kytherian descent from all over the world.
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