Open Access Articles- Top Results for Lakas%E2%80%93CMD


This article is about the party founded in 2009. For the original party founded in 1991, see Lakas–CMD (1991).
Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats
President Ferdinand Martin Romualdez
Chairman Bong Revilla, Jr.
Secretary-General Jose Aquino II
Founded 1991 (historical)
2008 (modern)
Merger of Lakas–CMD and KAMPI
Ideology Christian democracy,
Islamic democracy

Political position Center-right
Colors Gold, Blue and Green
Seats in the Senate
2 / 24
Seats in the House of Representatives
14 / 292
Provincial governorships
1 / 80
Provincial vice governorships
3 / 80
Provincial board members
18 / 1,006
Politics of Philippines
Political parties

Lakas–CMD (Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats) is a center-right political party in the Philippines. Its ideology is heavily influenced by Christian and Islamic democracy. The current party originated in 2009 with the merger of the original Lakas–CMD party with the Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (KAMPI); it was known as Lakas Kampi CMD until 2012. The party produced one president, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who was president when the two parties merged in 2009.

With Arroyo unable to run for a new term due to term limits, the party lost the 2010 presidential election with Gilberto Teodoro as its presidential nominee. The party retained its two senators, both incumbents, in the Senate election and became a part of the Liberal Party-led majority coalition; in the House of Representatives election, it won 47% of the seats contested in the district election, but most of its members were split into three groups, with many defecting to the Liberal Party, some formed the National Unity Party, and the remaining members were split into the majority and minority blocs, with its members heading the minority. On May 11, 2012, the party decided to revert to its original name and drop Arroyo's KAMPI from the coalition.[1] Lakas–CMD is currently one of the parties in opposition. In 2013, Sen. Bong Revilla assumed the new chairman of Lakas party, and he is the possible standard bearer of the party in the next presidential election in 2016.[2]


File:Ramos Pentagon.jpg
President Fidel V. Ramos, founder of Lakas NUCD.

Domination (2009-10)

President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on June 18, 2008, confirmed the historical merger of the Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats (Lakas–CMD) and the Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (KAMPI) parties. Both parties adopted the “equity of the incumbent” principle, as the merger would account for almost 200 national and 8,000 local officials, amid Mrs. Arroyo's prediction of 2010 elections victory. Prospero Nograles, Lakas President and Kampi Chair Ronaldo Puno signed the covenant at the Davao City regional caucus.[3][4] Former President and Lakas–CMD Chairman Emeritus Fidel V. Ramos announced on February 6, 2008 that Lakas–CMD would be the surviving entity after its merger with KAMPI.[5]

On August 9, 2009, Former House Speaker Jose de Venecia, Jr. and Former President Fidel V. Ramos led fifty members from the Lakas Kampi CMD in objecting to its merger with Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (KAMPI) on May 28, 2009. The faction made de Venecia its President with Ramos as the Chairman Emeritus of the new party, Ramos refused the offer of Chairman Emeritus of Lakas-Kampi after being named in interim party organization. De Venecia has filed a resolution at the Commission on Elections to declare null and void the merger.[6] However, the Supreme Court ultimately upheld the legality of the merger,[7] citing the failure of de Venecia “to sufficiently show that any grave abuse of discretion was committed by the Commission on Elections in rendering the challenged resolution.”[8]

Decline (2010-present)

Since Benigno Aquino III was sworn in as President of the Philippines on June 30, 2010, the majority of the former legislative member of Lakas-Kampi were sworn as a members of the reborn Liberal Party traditionally part of the Padrino System. In 2011, the legislators led by Pablo P. Garcia established the neutral National Unity Party, which has many similarities with the Nationalist People's Coalition. In 2013, the party suffered its largest decline, due to the arrest of the party's matriarch, Rep. Glora Arroyo; however the remaining party largely supports the United Nationalist Alliance, with candidates from among its former members such as Migz Zubiri, Richard Gordon and Mitos Magsaysay.

Party officials

List of Party Chairmen

  • Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (2008–2009)
  • Gilberto Teodoro (2009–2010)
  • Amelita Villarosa (2010)
  • Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (2010–2011)
  • Edcel Lagman (2011-2012)
  • Bong Revilla, Jr. (2012–Present)

Candidates for the Philippine general elections, 2010

Senatorial Slate (6)
Guest Candidates

Electoral performance


Election Candidate Number of votes Share of votes Outcome of election
2010 Gilberto Teodoro 4,095,839 11.33% Lost

Vice president

Election Candidate Number of votes Share of votes Outcome of election
2010 Edu Manzano 807,728 2.30% Lost


This chart shows the electoral performance of the Lakas Kampi CMD in Senate elections since 2010.

Election Number of votes Share of votes Seats won Seats after Outcome of election
2010 38,123,091 13.84%
2 / 12
4 / 24
Split; PMP-led coalition, lost
2013 Did not participate N/A
0 / 12
2 / 24
Liberal Party-led coalition

House of Representatives

This chart shows the electoral performance of the Lakas Kampi CMD in House of Representatives elections since 2010.

Election Number of votes Share of votes Seats Outcome of election
2010 13,242,191 38.62%
107 / 287
Split; Liberal Party-led coalition, lost
2013 1,472,464 5.34%
14 / 292
Split; Liberal Party-led coalition, lost


  1. ^ [1] The Manila Times: Lakas drops GMA's Kampi from coalition
  2. ^ Boncocan, Karen (31 January 2013). "Bong Revilla a strong contender in 2016 – Lakas-CMD". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 
  3. ^ "Manila Standard Today - Latest News in the Philippines". Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "Lakas-CMD, Kampi merge". GMA News Online. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  5. ^ "Ramos: De Venecia to remain president in Lakas-Kampi merger -, Philippine News for Filipinos". Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  6. ^ "Lakas-Kampi-CMD merger in peril -, Philippine News for Filipinos". Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "Manila Standard Today - Latest News in the Philippines". Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  8. ^ "Taxi hinoldap". Retrieved 19 April 2015. 

Lua error in Module:Navbar at line 23: Invalid title Template:If empty.