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Lake Tuz (Turkish: Tuz Gölü meaning Salt Lake) is the second largest lake in Turkey with its Script error: No such module "convert". surface area and one of the largest hypersaline lakes in the world. It is located in the Central Anatolia Region, Script error: No such module "convert". northeast of Konya, Script error: No such module "convert". south-southeast of Ankara and Script error: No such module "convert". northwest of Aksaray.
GeographyBrackish marshes have formed where channels and streams enter the lake. Arable fields surround the lake, except in the south and southwest where extensive seasonally flooded salt-steppe occurs.
For most of the year, it is very shallow (approx.Script error: No such module "convert".). During winter part of the salt is dissolved in the fresh water that is introduced to the lake by precipitation and surface runoff (to 32.9% salinity). During the summer the lake dries up exposing an average of 30 cm thick salt layer in August. This mechanism is used as a basis for the process of the salt mines in the lake. The three mines operating in the lake produce 63% of the salt consumed in Turkey. The salt mining generates industrial activity in the region, mainly related to salt processing and refining.
In 2001, Lake Tuz was declared a specially protected area, including all of the lake surface and surrounding waterbeds and some of the important neighboring steppe areas. The main Turkish breeding colony of greater flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus) is present on a group of islands in the southern part of the lake. Greater white-fronted goose (Anser albifrons) is the second largest breeder here. Lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni) is a common breeder in surrounding villages.
- Salt Lake Tuz Turkey.jpg
Lake Tuz at sunset.
- Salt Lake Tuz,Turkey 2010.jpg
- Salt Lake Tuz,Turkey.jpg
In the dry season, the salt lake is transformed into a salt flat or playa.
- Mustafa Yildiz, Ali Sinan Soganci (2010). "Evaluation of geotechnical properties of the salt layers on the Lake Tuz" (PDF). Academic Journals. pp. 2656–2663. ISSN 1992-2248.