Open Access Articles- Top Results for Lama
Epidemiology: Open AccessOverweight and Obesity Related Factors among Lebanese Adolescents: An Explanation for Gender and Socioeconomic Differences
Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical RehabilitationStudy to Find Out the Frequency of Low Back Pain and Its Associated Factors among Boys College Teachers of Twin Cities (Rawalpindi and Islamabad), Pak
Forest Research: Open AccessVegetative Community Development Over 30 Years within Pine Plantations on Reclaimed Mine Land in East
Surgery: Current ResearchLaparoscopic Management of Acute Intestinal Obstruction
Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro - IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell BiologyMaternal Nutrition and Birth Weight: Role of Vitamins and Trace Elements
Historically, the term was used for venerated spiritual masters or heads of monasteries. Today the title can be used as an honorific title conferred on a monk, nun or (in the Nyingma, Kagyu and Sakya schools) advanced tantric practitioner to designate a level of spiritual attainment and authority to teach, or may be part of a title such as Dalai Lama or Panchen Lama applied to a lineage of reincarnate lamas (Tulkus).
Perhaps due to misunderstandings by early western scholars attempting to understand Tibetan Buddhism, the term lama has historically been erroneously applied to Tibetan monks in general. Similarly, Tibetan Buddhism was referred to as "Lamaism" by early western scholars and travelers who perhaps did not understand that what they were witnessing was a form of Buddhism; they may also have been unaware of the distinction between Tibetan Buddhism and Bön. The term Lamaism is now considered by some to be derogatory.
In the Vajrayana path of Tibetan Buddhism, the lama is often the tantric spiritual guide, the guru to the aspiring Buddhist yogi or yogini. As such, the lama will then appear as one of the Three Roots (a variant of the Three Jewels), alongside the yidam and protector (who may be a dakini, dharmapala or other Buddhist deity figure).
- "Online Etymology Dictionary". Etymonline.com. Retrieved 2013-07-17.
- "lama" from Encyclopædia Britannica
- Lama:definition at About.com
- Marcotte, Amanda (2000-01-14). "Who Are the Tibetan Lamas?". Slate.com. Retrieved 2013-07-17.
- Frank J. Korom (1997). Constructing Tibetan Culture: Contemporary Perspectives. World Heritage Press. ISBN 1-896064-12-4.